India ports have no outstanding fame in the history. For years they have generally been impressed of inefficiency and poor infrastructure. On the contrary, China has vast, state-of-the-art range of facilities available along China’s coastline. But it is the time of India ports to bloom. Indeed, many state-owned port facilities in India still in a rudimentary stage, the country’s private ports are now substantial to match their rivals in China.
Although the two countries have a similar populations base, India’s port throughput capacity is only around 8% of that China’s. However growth in China is slowing as the economy is recalibrated towards services and consumption. Container throughput growth at China’s major ports fell from 3.3% in 1H15 to 2.3% in 1H2016. At the same time, India achieved fast growth with a 6.9% increase in throughput in 1H16 versus a 4.3% increase in 1H15. Moreover, the growth was much higher at some private ports.
State owned ports in India are classified as ‘Major ports’. For example, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Maharashtra, which is India’s largest container port. The private ports, such as GPPV and ADSEZ, are categorized as ‘Minor ports’. This is exactly where the growth is. India’s private ports’ overall market share has grown from 24% in 2005 to 45% in 2016, and they will continue to grow while their rivals are obstructed by tariff regulations and capacity constraints. ADSEZ’s throughput has risen at a CAGR of 29% in the last decade and at a CAGR of 14% at GPPV, far ahead of the 4% at state-owned ‘Major ports’.
Port throughput in India is set to grow at an even faster pace over the next few years. In the short term, India is enjoying the best monsoon rains in many years, which would most probably increasing agriculture exports. Higher disposable incomes, buttressed by a pay rise for millions of civilian servants, will likely increase domestic consumer demand. In a longer term, “Make in India” strategy aims to boost the share of manufacturing to 25% of GDP by 2022 from 18% now, which includes improving infrastructure and creating freight and trade corridors.
This report is mainly concerned with the following:
Detailed comparison of India’s port sector with other regions in terms of tariff regulation and vertical integrated business model.
This report compares listed Indian port companies with global listed peers on operating metrics, financial metrics.
Summarized the development of foreign port operators in India.
This report identifies the drivers of India ports.
Table of Contents
1 Executive summary
2 Operating Environments of Chinese Food Safety Testing 2.1 Overview 2.2 The five drivers of port in India 2.3 Comparison between Indian ports and global peers 2.4 Competitive Landscape
3 Analysis of Segments 3.1 Container terminal industry 3.1.1 Overview 3.1.2 Location 3.1.3 Regulatory 3.1.4 Competition 3.1.5 Infrastructure 3.1.6 Port cost base and ownership structure 3.2 Bulk (dry and liquid) terminal industry 3.2.1 Overview 3.2.2 Location 3.2.3 Competition 3.2.4 Cargo mix 3.2.5 Infrastructure 3.2.6 Surplus capacity 3.3 Regional Comparison 3.4 Major ports vs Minor ports
4 Major Port Operators in India 4.1 Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone (ADSEZ) 4.1.1 Profile 4.1.2 Operation 4.1.3 Customer base 4.1.4 Cost Analysis 4.1.5 Outlook 4.2 Gujarat Pipavav (GPPV) 4.2.1 Profile 4.2.2 Operation 4.2.3 Cost Analysis 4.2.4 Outlook 4.3 Other Operators in India 4.3.1 PSA International 4.3.2 DP World India 4.2.3 APM Terminals
5 Industry Outlook 5.1 One of the fastest growing market 5.2 Foreign Trade of India 5.3 Short-term trade outlook 5.4 Long-term trade outlook 5.5 Policy initiatives 5.6 The Sagarmala project 5.7 Trans-shipment business 5.8 Major Indicators Outlook 5.8.1 Port 5.8.2 Container 5.8.3 POL 5.8.4 Coal
List of Charts
India’s port growth by commodity, 2005-2015 India’s port mix by commodity, 2015 India’s port mix by ports, 2015 India container throughput in the global context Drivers of port industry in India Indian private ports’ comparison with global peers Port growth comparison, China, India and Global (Container), 2005-2015 Port growth, India vs China, 2005-1H2016 Country port throughput to population ratio, 2014 India vs China port at a glance Comparison of concession structures of global port operators Global ports consolidated throughput growth Terminal handling charge comparison of India container ports Revenue per TEU of global container ports EBITDA margin of global container ports Net debt to EBITDA of Major Ports in India Interest coverage of Major Ports in India Global port operators comparison, 2015 Container cargo market share in India POL cargo market share in India Dry bulk cargo market share in India Global trade growth by commodity, 1995-2015 Types of terminals by cargo mix Manufacturing cluster in India Distance between ports and key northern Indian cities HHI index: JNPT, Pipavav and Mundra, 2010-2016 Container terminals utilization level, 2007-2016 India container ports utilization rate, 2016 India major ports’ entrance channel depth Major ports actual evacuation mode Major ports optimal evacuation mode Average turnaround time of Major Ports Average pre berthing time of Major Ports Overview of major container ports in India Overview of major bulk ports in India India’s economy/industry by geography India’s port throughput by geography Indian railway’s network utilization level Classification of Indian ports Comparison of India’s Major ports and Minor ports Major ports and Minor ports in India Market share of Major ports vs Minor ports in India, 1998-2015 Capacity addition progress for Major ports (MMTPA) Adani Group business structure Ownership structure of ADSEZ Expansion history of ADSEZ Summary of Mundra Port terminals Logistics services revenue of ADSEZ, FY2010-2016 Key assets for ADSEZ’s logistics segment Infrastructure development of ADSEZ Consolidated net assets breakdown of ADSEZ by entity, FY2016 Consolidated profit breakdown of ADSEZ by entity, FY2016 Loans and advances breakdown of ADSEZ, FY2011-2016 Loans and advances as % of debts, FY2011-2016 Throughput by commodity of ADSEZ, FY2016 Operating revenue composition of ADSEZ, FY2016 ADSEZ customer base Costs breakdown of ADSEZ, FY2016 Operating expenses breakdown of ADSEZ, FY2016 Royalties payable/revenue share of ADSEZ Throughput forecasts by segments of ADSEZ, FY2014-2019e Revenue forecasts ADSEZ, FY2014-2019e Revenue drivers of ADSEZ, FY2016-FY2019e Ownership structure of GPPV Maersk Line’s contribution to GPPV’s revenue, FY2006-2016 USDINR vs EBITDA margin of GPPV, FY2006-2016 Container terminal capacity comparison Operating costs breakdown of GPPV, FY2016 Direct costs breakdown of GPPV, FY2016 GPPV share of total volume, FY2016 Throughput composition of GPPV, FY2010-2016 Revenue drivers of GPPV, FY2016-2019e Inland container movement of JNPT, FY2008-2015 Container terminals in India of PSA International Container terminals in India of DP World India Container terminals in India of APM International EXIM per capita vs GDP of major Asian countries EXIM composition (by value) of major Asian countries Global container trade and GDP growth, 1990-2016e India port throughput vs GDP growth, FY2005-2015 India container throughput vs GDP growth India’s export composition by commodity, FY2016 India’s export composition by regions, FY2016 India’s import composition by commodity, FY2016 India’s import composition by regions, FY2016 India’s overseas cargo throughput vs EXIM value, FY2005-2016e India’s monthly export growth by USD, June2014-June2016 India’s monthly import growth by USD, June2014-June2016 India Manufacturing PMI, June2014-June2016 India Major ports’ throughput growth, May2015-July2016 Drivers of India’s long-term future trade growth India's containerisation rate, FY2004-2015 Containerisation rate across Asia Expected commissioning dates of various sections of the Eastern and Western Dedicated Freight Corridors Dedicated Freight Corridor and the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor area India and China’s share of global goods exports Coastal shipping of India by commodity India’s freight modal mix, FY2015 India’s port EXIM vs coastal throughput, FY2016 CAGR of India’s port throughput, FY2006-2019e India’s port throughput growth forecast by commodity, FY2012-2019e India’s port throughput growth forecast India’s container throughput forecast, FY2005-2019e India crude oil supply, FY2005-2016 India POL traffic vs EXIM growth, FY2006-2016 India refinery capacity additions (MTPA) by companies, 2017-2018e India’s coal production and imports India’s port coal throughput forecast, FY2008-2019e Modal mix of domestic coal freight in India Operating cost of transport modes in India
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