In 2013, fuel cell shipment worldwide reached 215.3MWh, in which the biggest percentage (about 187MW) was contributed by large stationary fuel cell power station. The application of large fuel cell power station was mainly concentrated in America, S. Korea and Japan, widely for power generation, combined heat and power generation (also called cogeneration), IT data center, etc.
As of 2014, the application of fuel cell in automotive industry, despite of small scale, was the most important among other fields. After two decades or more of development, the current fuel cell technology is relatively mature, and the fuel cell supply chain is gradually improving. Amid the three issues (durability, low-temperature working and cost minimization) that hinder the practicalities of fuel cell in the early stage, the former two have been addressed. In the past 3-4 years, Pt consumed by per 100kw fuel cell catalyst reduced to 30g, system cost dropped by more than 50% to USD500-1000/KW, durability was able to reach as long as over 10 years, and fuel cell start-up test at minus 30oC was completed.
The period of 2015-2025 will witness fuel cell vehicle developing from mature technology to mature technical process, and after 2025, there will be a stage of popularization, as it is projected.
Toyota and Hyundai each plan to launch 1,000 fuel cell vehicles in 2015 priced at USD50,000-100,000, close to the price of pure electric vehicle Tesla Model S, with 90% cost cuts as opposed to the figure a few year ago. 2015 is expected to be the first commercialization year for fuel cell vehicles.
After nearly a decade of development, a supporting R&D system has been initially formed in China covering fuel cell engine, power battery, DC/DC converter, drive motor, hydrogen-donating system and other key components and parts, and hundreds of power systems and complete vehicles can be annually produced in China. However, compared with the developed countries:
Domestic fuel cell engine output power (55kW) is way behind the counterpart (80~100kW) overseas;
Domestic sedan fuel cell engine service life (2,000 hours) is quite lower than that (5,000 hours) abroad;
With respect to cold start, China has basically achieved low-temperature (-10oC) start-up and is now developing -20oC start-up technology, which is still far behind the current -30oC start-up indicator in foreign countries;
Domestic system is high in cost in China, which is attributed to the fact that the critical materials including proton exchange membrane, carbon paper, platinum metal catalyst, high purity graphite powder, etc. mostly rely on import;
No mature products of system units are developed in China, and almost no Chinese companies are engaged in areas of system units such as air compressor, humidifier, hydrogen circulating device, etc.;
System integration capability in China is still weak and electric pile performance and service life are inadequately optimized, while fuel cell stack of Toyota has reached a power density of 3kW/L and the humidification module has been removed via system integration.
Only a small number of Chinese companies set foot in fuel cell system industrialization, achieving small revenue, represented by Sunrise Power Co., Ltd. and Shanghai Shen-li High Tech Co., Ltd. In terms of fuel cell vehicle commercialization, only SAIC MOTOR continuously invests in fuel cell vehicle R&D. As of 2014, a team of over 100 professionals in SAIC MOTOR have been exclusively involved in R&D of hydrogen fuel cell vehicle and small-batch production is expected to be attained in 2015 as planned. Unfortunately, from the perspective of overall performance parameter, SAIC MOTOR fuel cell vehicle still remains at a level of the last generation (3-5 years before) overseas.
Global and China Fuel Cell Industry Chain Report, 2014-2016 of ResearchInChina highlights the followings:
Classification, application area and development trend of fuel cell;
Market overview, patent, shipment, market size, etc. of fuel cell industry worldwide;
Fuel cell development in Japan, S. Korea, Europe, America, China and other countries/regions, and the gap between China and the world (in terms of fuel cell development);
Global fuel cell vehicle industry chain embracing fuel cell system, electric pile, unit, hydrogen fuel, etc. covering such elements as major suppliers, technology development, cost, etc.
Operation, technology, development planning and output & sales dynamics of 7 fuel cell system manufacturers worldwide;
Operation, technology, development planning and output & sales dynamics of 4 fuel cell system manufacturers and 7 associated industrial players in China.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction to Fuel Cell 1.1 Working Principle 1.2 Classification 1.3 Application Field 1.3.1 Large Stationary 1.3.2 Small Stationary 1.3.3 Portable Power 1.3.4 Materials Handling 1.3.5 Transportation 1.4 Development Trend
2 Fuel Cell Industry Worldwide 2.1 Market Overview 2.2 Patents 2.3 Shipment 2.4 Market Size 2.5 Fuel Cell System Companies
3 Fuel Cell Industry by Country 3.1 Japan 3.1.1 Micro-CHP 3.1.2 FCV 3.2 S. Korea 3.3 USA 3.3.1 Supporting Policies 3.3.2 Forklift 3.3.3 Stationary 3.4 Europe 3.4.1 Supporting Policies 3.4.2 FCV 3.5 China 3.5.1 Supporting Policies 3.5.2 Fuel Cell System 3.5.3 Key Materials 3.5.4 Fuel Cell Accessories 3.5.5 Infrastructure
4 Fuel Cell Vehicle Industry Chain 4.1 Global FCV Market 4.1.1 FCV Superiority 4.1.2 R&D and Introduction Stage (1993-2015) 4.1.3 Promotion (2015-2025) 4.1.4 Popularization (after 2025) 4.2 Fuel Cell System 4.3 Fuel Cell Stack 4.3.1 Technology Roadmap 4.3.2 Electrode (Catalyst) 4.3.3 Electrolyte Membrane 4.3.4 Bipolar Plate 4.4 Fuel Cell Cost and Outlook 4.4.1 Fuel Cell System Cost 4.4.2 Fuel Cell Material Cost 4.5 Hydrogen Fuel 4.5.1 Hydrogen Preparation 4.5.2 Hydrogen Storage and Transportation 4.5.3 Comprehensive Cost of Preparation, Storage and Transportation 4.5.4 In-vehicle Hydrogen Tank and its Safety 4.5.5 Hydrogen Refueling Station
5 Fuel Cell System Manufacturers Worldwide 5.1 Plug Power 5.1.1 Profile 5.1.2 Operation 5.1.3 Products 5.1.4 Customers 5.1.5 R&D 5.1.6 Development and Outlook 5.2 Ballard Power 5.2.1 Profile 5.2.2 Operation 5.2.3 Products 5.2.4 Customers 5.2.5 R&D 5.2.6 Development and Outlook 5.2.7 Layout in China 5.3 Fuel Cell 5.3.1 Profile 5.3.2 Operation 5.3.3 Products 5.3.4 Customers 5.3.5 R&D 5.3.6 Development and Outlook 5.4 HYGS 5.4.1 Profile 5.4.2 Operation 5.4.3 Products 5.4.4 R&D 5.5 SFC Power 5.5.1 Profile 5.5.2 Operation 5.5.3 Products 5.5.4 R&D 5.6 Ceramic 5.6.1 Profile 5.6.2 Operation 5.6.3 Products 5.6.4 R&D 5.7 Bloom Energy 5.7.1 Profile 5.7.2 Products 5.7.3 Customers
6 Fuel Cell System Manufacturers in China 6.1 Shanghai Shen-li High Tech Co., Ltd. 6.1.1 Profile 6.1.2 Operation 6.1.3 Products 6.1.4 R&D 6.2 Sunrise Power Co., Ltd. 6.2.1 Profile 6.2.2 Operation 6.2.3 Products 6.2.4 Development and Outlook 6.2.5 Technology 6.3 Wuhan WUT New Energy Co., Ltd. (WUT) 6.3.1 Profile 6.3.2 Products 6.3.3 Customers 6.3.4 Development and Outlook 6.4 Beijing Azure Hydrogen Energy Science & Technology Co., Ltd. 6.4.1 Profile 6.4.2 Products 6.4.3 R&D 6.4.4 Customers 6.4.5 Cooperation 6.4.5 Development and Outlook
7 Fuel Cell Industry Chain Enterprises in China 7.1 Jiangsu Huachang Chemical Co., Ltd. 7.1.1 Profile 7.1.2 Operation 7.1.3 Fuel Cell Business 7.2 Shanghai 3F New Material Co., Ltd. 7.2.1 Profile 7.2.2 Operation 7.2.3 Fuel Cell Business 7.3 Dongyue Group 7.3.1 Profile 7.3.2 Operation 7.3.3 Fuel Cell Business 7.4 Sino-Platinum Co., Ltd. 7.4.1 Profile 7.4.2 Operation 7.4.3 Fuel Cell Business 7.5 Jiangsu Qingyang Energy 7.5.1 Profile 7.5.2 R&D 7.5.3 Development and Outlook 7.6 Shanghai TL Chemical Co., Ltd. 7.6.1 Profile 7.6.2 Operation 7.7 Golden Energy Fuel Cell Co., Ltd. (GEFC)
List of Charts
Structure and Working Principle of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Fuel Cell Classification Working Principle of Fuel Cells of Various Types Typical Application of Stationary Fuel Cell Top 5 Fuel Cell Telecommunications Customers in the US, 2012) Hydrogen Fuel Cell Portable Power Source Released by Intelligent Energy Top 10 Fuel Cell Material Handling Customers in the US, 2012 Parallel Development of Hydrogen Fuel Cell and Traditional Energy System Top 5 Global Fuel Cell Customers, 2012 Global Fuel Cell Patented Technologies Applied, 1971-2013 Global Fuel Cell Patented Technologies Applied by Country/Region Top 10 Global Enterprises by Fuel Cell Patented Technologies Applied Fuel Cell Shipments(Quantity) by Application, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell Shipments(Megawatts) by Application, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell Shipments (Quantity) by Fuel Cell Type, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell Shipments (Megawatts) by Fuel Cell Type, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell Shipments by Region, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell Shipments(Megawatts) by Region, 2009-2013 Market Size of Global Fuel Cell, 2011-2025E Market Size of Global Fuel Cell Basic Raw Materials, 2010-2015EE Major Fuel Cell System Manufacturers Worldwide Fuel Cell CHP Project Achieving 90% Energy Efficiency Equipment Drawing for Japan’s ENE-FARM Project Roadmap for Japan’s Fuel Cell CHP Project (Version 2012) Sales Volume, Prices, and Subsidy Policy of Japan’s ENE-FARM (Version 2012) Prices and Growth Expectation of Japan’s ENE-FARM (Version 2012) Japan’s Long-term Goal: Fuel Cell Provides a 42% Home Energy Commercialized Roadmap for Fuel Cell Automobiles and Hydrogen Filling Stations in Japan, 2015 Fuel Cell System of Toyota Motors Fuel Cell Automobile Alliance Led by Japan’s Auto Makers Roadmap for Japan’s FCV and HRS Proposed Performance Indexes for Fuel Cell by Applications in S. Korea Prices and Ownership of Fuel Cell Automobiles in S. Korea Subsidy Amount of US Fuel Cell, 2004-2015E Subsidy Direction of EERE Fuel Cell, 2006-2013 Ballard’s Parameters for Cost Calculation of Lead-acid Battery and Fuel Cell Ballard’s Calculated NPV of Fuel Cell Forklifts System Efficiency of Bloom Energy SOFC Proportion of Clean Energy in Data Center at Major US IT Companies, 2012 Germany’s HRS Promotion Plan Roadmap for Britain’s FCV and HRS Britain’s HRS Promotion Plan Technical Specifications for Fuel Cell Automobiles in China, (Version 2012) Subsidy Standards of Fuel Cell Automobiles by the Central Government, 2013-2015E Fuel Cell Research Institutions in China Number of Fuel Cell International Patents in China, 2012 Distribution of Fuel Cell Patented Technology in China, 2012 Performance of Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Cars Durability of Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Systems Performance of Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Buses Fuel Cell System of SAIC Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Key Materials Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Accessory Systems Infrastructure of Demonstration Hydrogen Filling Stations in China Carbon Emission of Vehicles by Technological Type Comprehensive Performance of Vehicles by Technological Type Driving Mileage Comparison: Fuel Cell Vehicles vs. Lithium Battery Vehicles Basic Parameters Comparison: Toyota’s FCV-R vs. “Leaf” PEV Technical Parameters for China-branded Fuel Cell Buses Number of Fuel Cell Bus under Operation in North America, 2005-2014 Monthly Mileage of Fuel Cell Bus in North America FCV Modes and Promotion Plan of Major Global Auto Makers Development and Deployment of Fuel Cell Automakers Worldwide Roadmap for Fuel Cell Vehicles of Major Global Auto Makers Expected Development Stage of Automotive Fuel Cell Market Share of FCVs, GVs, PEVs, and HEVs, 2005-2050E Cost Structure of Key Components of FCV Bus Structure of Fuel Cell Power System Domestic and Foreign Fuel Cell Key Material Suppliers Technical Features of PEMFC Typical Application of PEMFC Toyota’s Decreased Platinum Usage through Platinum Material Coating Technology Global Pt Supply and Consumption VS Consumption Hypothesis of Fuel Cell Automobiles Technology Roadmap for Decreasing Pt Usage of Fuel Cell Catalyst Expected Cost Control of Fuel Cell System Driven by Pt Decrement Three Major Bipolar Plates Main Issues Faced by Fuel-cell Vehicles during the Process of Industrialization Descent Path of Fuel Cell Costs Composition of Fully Diluted Cell Stack Costs Fuel Cell Costs Trend Calculated by DOE (Under Premise of Mass-produced 500,000 Sets) Cell Costs and Breakdown under Different Production Scales Specific Parameters Employed in Estimating Fuel Cell System Costs Sources of Hydrogen Fuel Decomposition of Distributed Hydrogen Production Technology Hydrogen Production Costs under Different Processes in China Hydrogen Production Costs under Different Processes in USA America’s Control Target for Hydrogen Production Costs Structure and Technological Route of Supporting Hydrogen Supply Facility for Fuel Cell Descent Path of Future Vehicle Hydrogen Storage Costs in USA Hydrogen Transportation Costs Estimates and Descent Path in USA Basic Situations of Two Commercial Hydrogen Tanks Hydrogen Fuel Costs and Descent Path Planning in Europe Storage Pressure Comparison between Hydrogen and Other Gases Structure of Liquid Hydrogen Tank UN’s Standards on Safety of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Operating Costs Composition of Hydrogen Filling Station Investment Demand and Plans for Hydrogen Filling Station in Europe Global Hydrogen Filling Stations Distribution (2013) Comparison of Hydrogen Filling Station Planning in Various Countries Construction Plan for Hydrogen Filling Station in CA, USA Top 20 Shareholders of PLUG (as of Jun. 30, 2014) Business Performance of PLUG, 2004-2014Q2 Revenue Structure of PLUG, 2013 Fuel Cell Products of PLUG Product Shipments and Orders of Gendrive, 2007-2014Q2 Prices of Gendrive’s Products, 2007-2014Q2 Supply Chain of PLUG Major Customers Structure of Gendrive’s Products, 2012 R&D Costs of PLUG, 2004-2014Q2 Number of Patent Applications of PLUG, 1997-2012 Most Cited Patents of PLUG Top 20 Shareholders of Ballard (as of Jun. 30, 2014) Business Performance of Ballard, 2009-2014Q2 Revenue Structure of Ballard, 2012-2014Q2 Revenue Breakdown of Ballard by Region, 2013 Ballard’s Fuel Cell Products Performance Parameters of Ballard’s Fuel Cell Products Fuel Cell Stack Shipments of Ballard, 2009-2013 Fuel Cell System Shipments of Ballard, 2009-2013 Main Markets for Ballard’s Fuel Cell Products R&D Costs of Ballard, 2009-2014Q2 Number of Patent Applications of Ballard, 1990-2008 Most Cited Patents of Ballard Development Prospect of Ballard, 2014 Top 20 Shareholders of FuelCel (as of Jun. 30, 2014) Business Performance of FuelCell, 2008-2014Q3 Revenue Breakdown of FuelCell by Segment, 2009-2014Q3 Gross Margin of FuelCell by Business, 2009-2014Q3 FuelCell’s Fuel Cell Products Performance Parameters of FuelCell’s Fuel Cell Products Supply Chain of FuelCell R&D Costs of FuelCell, 2009-2014Q2 Development Course of FuelCell Business Performance of HYGS, 2008-2014Q2 Revenue Breakdown of HYGS by Segment, 2008-2013 Net Income Breakdown of HYGS by Segment, 2008-2013 Gross Margin of HYGS by Business, 2008-2013 Revenue Breakdown of HYGS by Region, 2013 Structure of HYGS HySTAT? Electrolyzers Outstanding Orders of HYGS, 2009-2014Q3 R&D Costs of HYGS, 2009-2014Q2 Shareholder Structure of SFC Power (as of Dec. 31, 2013) Business Performance of SFC Power, 2008-2014Q2 Revenue Breakdown of SFC Power by Segment, 2012-2014Q2 Revenue Breakdown of SFC Power by Region, 2012-2014Q2 Gross Margin of SFC Power by Segment, 2012-2014Q2 SFC’s Energy System Solution R&D Costs of SFC Power, 2008-2014Q2 Major Shareholders of Ceramic (as of Jun. 30, 2014) Business Performance of Ceramic, 2009-2014 Revenue Breakdown of Ceramic by Region, 2011-2014 Revenue Breakdown of Ceramic by Segment, 2009-2014 R&D Costs of Ceramic, 2009-2014 Bloom Energy ES-5700 Energy Server Shareholding Structure of Shen-li, 2013 Profile of Shen-li Business Performance of Shen-li, 2010-2012Q1 High Temperature PEMFC Household Heat System Low Temperature PEMFC Power System for City Bus Low Temperature PEMFC Power System for Passenger Car Low Temperature PEMFC Power System for Forklift Shareholding Structure of Sunrise, 2013 Profile of Sunrise Technical Parameters of Sunrise’s Vehicle Fuel Cell Products Development Course of Sunrise Business Structure of Sunrise Shareholding Structure of WUT Profile of WUT Performance Parameters of WUT’s PEMFC Composite PEM Performance Parameters of WUT’s PEMFC MEA Profile of Azure Hydrogen PFMFC Backup Power System 50KW Stationary Backup Power (EPS) Multi-MW Distributed Generator System Fuel Cell Bus Fuel Cell Forklift Azure Hydrogen’s Development Plan for Domestic Business during 2014-15 Shareholding Structure of Huachang Chemical Business Performance of Huachang Chemical, 2008-2014Q2 Gross Margin of Huachang Chemical by Product, 2009-2013 Revenue Structure of Huachang Chemical by Product, 2009-2013 R&D Costs of Huachang Chemical, 2008-2014Q2 Shareholding Structure of 3F New Material Business Performance of 3F New Material, 2008-2014Q2 Gross Margin of 3F New Material by Product, 2009-2013 R&D Costs of 3F New Material, 2008-2014Q2 Revenue Structure of 3F New Material by Product, 2009-2013 Shareholding Structure of Dongyue Business Performance of Dongyue, 2009-2014Q2 R&D Costs of Dongyue, 2008-2014Q2 Revenue Structure of Dongyue by Product, 2009-2013 Revenue Structure of Dongyue by Region, 2009-2013 Shareholding Structure of Sino-platinum Business Performance of Sino-platinum, 2008-2014Q2 R&D Costs of Sino-platinum, 2008-2014Q2 Revenue Structure of Sino-platinum by Product, 2009-2013 Gross Margin of Sino-platinum by Product, 2009-2013 Profile of Jiangsu Hydrogen Energy Co., Ltd Shareholding Structure of TL Chemical, 2013 Profile of TL Chemical Business Performance of TL Chemical, 2009-2013 Profile of Golden Energy
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The thriving research on fuel cell is a result of global fossil fuel resources to be exhausted within a century. Hydrogen fuel cell as a kind of renewable resource has plenty of merits: (1) an energy conversion efficiency of as high as 50%-60%; (2...
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