US demand for battery and fuel cell materials is expected to rise more than four percent annually through 2017 to $6.0 billion. Growing motor vehicle production, as well as the motor vehicle industry’s increasing adoption of advanced energy storage technologies to meet government fuel efficiency mandates, will support growth in battery material demand, particularly for polymers and chemicals. Though rising from a much smaller base, fuel cell material demand will rise at a rapid double-digit pace due to the increasing adoption of fuel cells in electrical generation and industrial/motive power applications. However, even faster gains will be limited by the fuel cell industry’s continuing efforts to reduce costs, including through the adoption of less expensive and more efficient alternatives.
Polymer & chemical materials to see above-average growth
The motor vehicle industry’s ongoing efforts to meet increasingly stringent fuel efficiency requirements through the more widespread adoption of alternatives to the traditional flooded lead-acid battery will begin to be felt by the battery material industry over the forecast period. The rising adoption of rechargeable lithiumion batteries in hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicles will help drive above average growth in polymer and chemical battery material demand as vehicle manufacturers ramp up domestic production of these batteries to supply their North American operations. In addition, the increasing adoption of startstop ignition technology will lead to the expanded usage of advanced glass mat (AGM) lead-acid batteries, boosting demand for more specialty materials such as glass fibers. More broadly, the ongoing rebound in US motor vehicle production will increase lead-acid battery shipments, which will be the primary driver of rising battery material demand overall.
Fuel cells to post doubledigit annual growth
Robust global demand for fuel cells as alternatives in electricity generation and industrial and motive power applications will support the rapid expansion of the US fuel cell industry, and drive doubledigit growth in fuel cell material demand through 2017. All material types will benefit, though industry efforts to find alternative electrode catalyst materials will limit faster advances in fuel cell metal demand. Even faster growth in fuel cell material demand over the long term will reflect the penetration of fuel cells in motor vehicle and portable device applications.
Performance additive, catalyst materials to pace gains
Among functional categories for battery and fuel cell materials, the most rapid gains will be for performance additive and catalyst materials, and for electrolytes. Growth will be driven by the ongoing need to improve battery durability and performance, as well as by surging demand for fuel cells, most of which use expensive platinum catalysts. Active materials and electrodes are the leading outlet for materials, but are expected to lag overall market increases in demand through 2017. Battery current collectors are expected to grow at the slowest pace of any function in the 2012-2017 period, as manufacturers continue to increase cost reduction efforts.
Profiles 35 US industry players such as Ballard Power Systems, Celanese, OM Group and Umicore
This study analyzes the United States market for materials used in the production of batteries and fuel cells by application (primary batteries, secondary batteries, and fuel cells), by function (battery containers, electrodes, electrolytes, separators, etc.), and by material (carbon/graphite, chemicals, metals, polymers, and other). Materials are broadly defined as nondiscrete substances (in the form of gels, liquids, paste, or powder) used as catalysts, electrolytes, etc. and raw materials (such as rolled steel and zinc) that require further processing (e.g., cutting and forming) before they are used. The term fuel cell here is taken to refer to the fuel cell stack. Materials used in the manufacture of additional fuel cell system components such as external fuel tanks, fuel reformers, and piping are not covered.
Excluded from the scope of this study are discrete (individually distinct) fabricated devices (for example, battery cans) that are incorporated in the final product, although the raw materials used in their construction (such as nickel and steel) are covered here. Fuels and materials used in the manufacture of ancillary products (such as battery chargers and standalone power conditioning equipment) are also excluded.
Historical data (2002, 2007, and 2012) and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 are provided in current dollars (including inflation). Dollar figures presented include the value of materials provided by outside (contract) suppliers, as well as the estimated value of materials manufactured in house by battery and fuel cell companies (captive production). In addition, these figures include the value of both new and recycled materials (for instance, lead and polypropylene recovered from scrapped lead-acid batteries) used by battery and fuel cell manufacturers.
III. Battery & Fuel Cell Materials Overview 41 General 41 Demand by Type 41 Demand by Function 44 Demand by Application 46
IV. Battery Materials 48 General 48 Demand by Type 49 Metals 51 Lead 53 Steel 55 Antimony 56 Zinc 58 Other Metals 59 Chemicals 61 Metallic Chemicals 62 Other Chemicals 67 Polymers 70 Polyolefins 71 Fluoropolymers 72 Other Polymers 73 Carbon/Graphite 73 Other Materials 75 Silica 76 Glass Fibers 77 Ceramics 78 All Other Materials 78 Demand by Function 79 Active Materials 81 Current Collectors 83 Containers 85 Electrolytes 87 Performance Additives 89 Separators 91 Other Functions 93 Terminals 94 Gaskets & Seals 94 Catalysts 95 All Other Functions 95 Demand by Application 96 Primary Batteries 98 Alkaline 100 Primary Lithium 103 Zinc-Air 106 Other Primary 108 Secondary Batteries 109 Lead-Acid 112 Metals 114 Chemicals 115 Polymers 116 Other Materials 117 Rechargeable Lithium 118 Nickel-Metal Hydride 121 Nickel-Cadmium 124 Other Secondary 125
V. Fuel Cell Materials 128 General 128 Demand by Type 129 Metals 131 Platinum 132 Other Metals 133 Ceramics 134 Polymers 135 Fluoropolymers 136 Other Polymers 137 Carbon/Graphite 138 Chemicals & Other 139 Demand by Function 140 Catalysts 142 Electrodes 144 Electrolytes 146 Plates 148 Other Functions 150 Demand by Application 151 Solid-Oxide 154 Proton-Exchange Membrane 155 Molten Carbonate 157 Phosphoric Acid 158 Direct Methanol 159 Other Applications 160
VI. Industry Structure 162 General 162 Market Share 165 Manufacturing 169 Battery Materials 170 Fuel Cell Materials 171 Acquisitions & Divestitures 173 Competitive Strategies 176 Marketing & Distribution 180 Company Profiles 181 Ames Goldsmith Corporation 182 AMETEK Incorporated 183 Asbury Carbons Incorporated 184 AvCarb LLC 185 Ballard Power Systems Incorporated 186 BASF SE 187 Buick Resource Recycling, see Doe Run Resources Bulk Molding Compounds, see Citadel Plastics Holdings Cabot Corporation 191 Celanese Corporation 193 Citadel Plastics Holdings Incorporated 194 CS Energy Materials, see HC Starck Delta EMD, see Valmont Industries Doe Run Resources Corporation 196 DuPont (EI) de Nemours 198 East Penn Manufacturing Company Incorporated 201 Eco-Bat Technologies Limited 202 Erachem Comilog, see Eramet Eramet SA 203 Exide Technologies 206 Fabricated Products, see Doe Run Resources FMC Corporation 207 Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Incorporated 209 Glencore Xstrata plc 211 Gopher Resource LLC 212 GrafTech International Limited 213 Hammond Group Incorporated 215 HC Starck GmbH 216 Hollingsworth & Vose Company 218 Horsehead Holding Corporation 220 International Metals Reclamation, see Horsehead Holding KW Plastics, see Sanders Lead Mitsui Zinc Powders, see Horsehead Holding Novolyte Technologies, see BASF Nyrstar, see Umicore/NV OM Group Incorporated 222 Ovonic Battery, see BASF Rockwood Holdings Incorporated 223 RSR, see Eco-Bat Technologies Sanders Lead Company Incorporated 224 Société Le Nickel, see Eramet Southeast Missouri Mining and Milling, see Doe Run Resources Styrolution Group, see BASF Superior Graphite Company 225 Tata Steel Limited 227 3M Company 228 Ticona, see Celanese Tosoh Corporation 230 Tronox Limited 231 Umicore SA/NV 233 Vale SA 236 Valmont Industries Incorporated 238 Additional Companies Mentioned in the Study 239
Section IV -- Battery MATERIALS 1 Battery Materials Demand by Type, 2012 51 2 Battery Materials Demand by Function, 2012 81 3 Battery Materials Demand by Application, 2012 97
Section V -- Fuel Cell Materials 1 Fuel Cell Materials Demand by Type, 2012 131 2 Fuel Cell Materials Demand by Function, 2012 142 3 Fuel Cell Materials Demand by Application, 2012 153
Section VI -- Industry Structure 1 US Battery & Fuel Cell Materials Market Share, 2012 166
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Battery and Fuel Cell Materials Market Insights 2019, Global and Chinese Scenario is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Battery and Fuel Cell Materials industry with a focus on the Chinese market. The report provides...
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