The 2019 study has 108 pages and 58 tables and figures. The study is useful for companies seeking to understand the Swedish market and to understand how to locate a regional headquarters in Sweden. It outlines those industrial areas in which Sweden has centers of excellence.
Sweden’s construction and infrastructure sector is booming. EUR 150 billion is being spent on offices and housing. These projects are fully funded. The plan is to build 700,000 new homes and offices. The largest investment programme in Swedish history creates opportunities for contractors in Sweden, in Europe, and beyond. Between now and 2030, the country will spend EUR 64 billion on railways, roads and other major projects.
Sweden is a center of excellence for automotive with Volvo, for telecom with Ericsson, and for bio-pharmaceuticals with 100’s of bio pharmaceutical firms and divisions. GE has invested $350 million total in its bioprocessing equipment and consumables site in Uppsala, Sweden.
British-Swedish firm AstraZeneca also announced a large-scale investment in the Stockholm region. The multinational pharmaceutical company said in May it planned to invest $285 million in a new high-tech facility for the manufacture of biological medicines in Södertälje.
AstraZeneca in Gothenburg Sweden; vision is to be one of the best R&D sites in the world.
Sweden has a third of the 171 data centres in the Nordics. With 54 facilities, it is ahead of Denmark (46), Norway (40), Finland (25) and Iceland (6). Sweden ranks as the fifth most secure country in the world for data centre investment.
The Nordic region as a whole is set to benefit from continuing, significant data centre investment. Over the next three years, €4.3billion will be invested with more than 59% derived from overseas internet players, including Google and Facebook.
Data Centres in the Nordic region are being put into Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. In these regions, there are 117 data center operators and 171 data centers. In the Nordics, the market for third party data centre operators is expected to increase by two and a half times in space and triple in terms of MW power requirements.
The Nordic data centre space has attracted $3 billion in investment in recent years. Global data traffic is growing fast and the need for data centre capacity is growing accordingly. The capacity of the global data centre industry has grown by 10 per cent annually. This growth is expected to continue in the next decade.
Favorable work environments and a culture of integrity are a huge draw forSweden. The people are nice and the working conditions are comfortable in Sweden.
“The bio pharmaceutical research and production centers in Sweden are world-class. Volvo is a leader in safety and electric vehicles for the auto industry, supporting markets in the US, Europe, and Asia.”
Volkswagen / Scania AB
Telia Company AB
SKF Bearing And Seal Manufacturing
Alfa Laval AB
Sweden Bio-Pharma & Healthcare:
GE Healthcare Life Sciences
British-Swedish Firm AstraZeneca Invested $285 Million in the Stockholm Region
GoCo Health Innovation City
BioLamina / Novo Nordisk
Data Centers in Sweden 76
Swedish Government Support for Data Centers
Electricity Tax for Data Centers in Sweden
Amazon to Open Cloud Data Centers in Sweden
Research Centers in Sweden
EcoDataCenter Builds Second Data Centre Site Near Stockholm
Efficient Advanced Facilities in Sweden
5G in Sweden
Sweden Construction Investment Programme
Sweden Construction Investment Is Fully Financed
Occupational Safety and Health
Workplace Laws and OSH
Unions Use Collective Bargaining
Work Safety Regulations
Tax Issues Construction Projects
Regulations and Compliance
Sweden Automotive Technology
Sweden Hyperscale Data Centers
Table of Contents
Efficient Advanced Facilities in Sweden: 1
1.0 Overview 9
2.0 Sweden 10 2.1 Sweden Construction Investment Programme Is Fully Financed 10 2.2 Quality of The Swedish Business Climate 10 2.3 Sweden Construction Barriers for International Companies 11 2.4 Swedish Government Positions Construction as Historic Opportunity For Contractors 11 2.5 Sweden Environmental Work Safety 14
3.0 Sweden Safety Culture 15 3.1 Swedish Worksite Inspections 16 3.2 Swedish Initiatives for More Swedish Safety Inspections 17 3.3 Sweden Institute Of Environmental Medicine (IEM) Principal Functions And Activities 17 3.4 Enforcement in Sweden 20
4.0 Taxation in Sweden 21 4.1 Taxation Authority 21 4.2 Sweden Corporate Taxes 21 4.3 Sweden Personal Income Tax Rates 21 4.4 Taxation of Non-Residents 22 4.5 Sweden Double Taxation Agreements 23 4.6 Tax treaties 23
5.0 Legal System in Sweden 26 5.1 System 26 5.1.1 Swedish Legislature 26 5.1.2 Swedish Executive Branch 26 5.2 Court System in Sweden 26 5.3 Sweden Application of the Law 5.4 Swedish Legal System 27 5.5 Sweden Typical Delivery Model Applicable 28 5.6 Sweden Local Regulations & Compliance 29 5.7 Supervision Of Construction Contracts 29 5.8 Work Permits In Sweden 30 5.9 Driving In Sweden 30 5.10 Permitting Requirements Of Developments In Sweden 30 5.11 The National Building Code of Sweden 31 5.12 Ministry Of The Environment Steers And Monitors Construction 32 5.13 Swedish Boverkets Buildings Regulations BBR 32 5.14 Sweden Public Procurement Act LOU, Lag om offentlig upphandling LOU 33 5.15 Swedish Environmental Code MB, Miljöbalken MB 33 5.16 Municipalities Steer And Monitor Construction In Their Area of Sweden 34 5.17 Local Sweden 34 5.18 Responsibilities Building Project: Planning a Construction Project in Sweden 34
6.0 Environmental Issues in Sweden 35 6.1 Atmospheric Issues in Sweden 35 6.2 Sweden Need to Meet Carbon Emissions and Climate Change Targets 36 6.2 Water Issues in Sweden 37 6.3 Waste Issues in Sweden 37 6.4 EIA’S 38 6.5 Sweden Sustainable Development 38
7.0 Advanced Manufacturing Sector In Sweden 38 7.1 FDI IN Sweden 39 7.2 Sweden – Investment Considerations 40 7.3 Swedish Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI: 41 7.4 Construction & Labor Workers, Stockholm, Sweden | 2018/19 41 7.5 Description of Industry Sectors in Sweden and Companies Needing Construction - Major Companies in Sweden: 42 7.6 Economy - Industrial Companies and Construction in Sweden and the Nordic Countries 42 7.7 Automotive and Manufacturing 42 7.7.1 Volvo 43 7.7.2 Volkswagen / Scania AB ... 47 7.4 Industrial Companies 48 7.4.1 Electrolux AB. ... 48 7.4.2 Atlas Copco ... 50 7.5 Telecommunications 51 7.5.1 Ericsson 51 7.5.2 Telia Company AB 54 7.5.3 Tele2 AB 56 7.5.4 SKF Bearing And Seal Manufacturing Autoliv 59 7.5.6 Alfa Laval AB 61 7.5.7 Hexagon AB 63 7.5.8 Hasselblad 63 7.6 Furniture 64 7.6.1 IKEA 64 7.7 Sweden Bio-Pharma & Healthcare: 65 7.7.1 GE Healthcare 70 7.7.2 GE Healthcare Life Sciences Continues To Invest in Uppsala - $100 Million 71 7.7.3 British-Swedish Firm AstraZeneca Invested $285 Million in the Stockholm Region 72 7.7.3 GoCo Health Innovation City 73 7.7.4 BioLamina / Novo Nordisk 74 7.7.5 Pfizer 76 7.8 Data Centers in Sweden 76 7.8.1 Swedish Government Support for Data Centers 77 7.8.2 Electricity Tax for Data Centers in Sweden 77 7.8.3 Facebook 77 7.8.4 KnCMiner 78 7.8.5 Hydro66 78 7.8.6 Amazon to Open Cloud Data Centers in Sweden 78 7.8.7 Node Pole 81 7.8.8 Interxion 83 7.8.9 Getinge AB 83 7.8.10 Research Centers in Sweden 83 Data Center: 84 7.8.11 EcoDataCenter Builds Second Data Centre Site Near Stockholm 84 7.8.12 Zenuity 86 7.8.13 IBM 88 Digital Geospatial 88
8.0 Competition – Engineering & Construction Providers 89 8.1 Engineering Consultancies 89 8.2 Largest Swedish Construction Companies 90 8.2.1 Peab 90 8.2.2 Peab Acquisitions 91 8.2.3 Skanska 92 8.2.4 Skanska Revenue and Employees by Market 95 8.2.5 NCC 96 8.2.6 JM 100 8.2.7 Patricia Industries Vectura / Next Step 8.2.8 Bygging-Uddemann 102 8.2.9 Swedish Association of Management Consultants 102 8.3 Construction Supply Chain Main Local Contractors 104 8.4 International Construction Companies Servicing The Swedish Market 107
9.0 Characteristics Of Local Business Culture 108 9.1 Litigious Or Deal-Making? 108 9.2 Sweden Anti Corruption Credentials 108
List of Figures
Figure 1. West Swedish Agreement Infrastructure Package in Gothenburg 12 Figure 2. Sweden Population and Land Profile 13 Figure 3. Sweden Macro-Economic Statistics 14 Figure 4. NCC Safety Record Based on Accident Frequency 16 Figure 5. Swedish Work Environment Authority Authorities 21 Figure 6. Sweden Tax Rates 22 Figure 7. Sweden Double Taxation Agreements 24 Figure 8. Sweden Bilateral Or Multi-Lateral Social Security Agreements 25 Figure 9. Swedish Ministry Of The Environment Law of the Land 32 Figure 10. World Bank's Doing Business 2019 Report 40 Figure 11. Swedish FDI Weak Points 41 Figure 12. Volvo Headquarters 43 Figure 13. Volvo Building Entrance 44 Figure 14. Volvo Headquarters Gothenburg, Västra Götaland County 45 Figure 15. Volvo Corporate Complex 46 Figure 16. Volvo AstaZero Proving Ground 47 Figure 17. Scania AB Headquarters 48 Figure 18. AB Electrolux, SE-105 45 Stockholm, Sweden. Figure 19. Atlas Copco Headquarters 51 Figure 20. Ericsson Lindholmen 52 Figure 21. Ericsson Open house at Lindholmspiren 53 Figure 22. Ericsson and Zenuity Connected Cloud and IoT for Vehicle Safety 53 Figure 23. Telia Headquarters Sweden 54 Figure 24. Telia Headquarters Interior 55 Figure 25. Telia Open Space Between Buildings 56 Figure 26. Kista Science City 57 Figure 27. Victoria Tower in Kista 58 Figure 28. New SKF HQ. 59 Figure 29. Autoliv Location and Revenue 60 Figure 30. Alfa Laval Revenue Segments 61 Figure 31. Alfa Laval Location Close to Copenhagen 62 Figure 32. Alfa Laval Corporate Headquarters 62 Figure 33. IKEA Headquarters in Gothenburg Sweden 65 Figure 34. Sweden - Biotech Company List 65 Figure 35. GE Invests $350 Million Total In Its Bioprocessing Equipment And Consumables site in Uppsala, Sweden 70 Figure 36. GE:s kontor i Danderyd, Stockholm 71 Figure 37. AstraZeneca in Gothenburg Sweden 72 Figure 38. Novo Nordisk office in Malmö 74 Figure 39. BioLamina Research at the GE Testa Center 75 Figure 40. AWS Market Variables Measured for Data Centers Figure 41. In Sweden Mega Industrial Park, 100MW HV Power Line Is Being Built 79 Figure 42. Power for High-Intensive Businesses, SVK’s Plan To Strengthen The Connectivity Between Krångede, Ljusdal and Horndal. 80 Figure 43. Google, Sweden and Nordics Set For Growth - Google Cloud Footprint 81 Figure 44. Key Components of Attracting International Business to Sweden: 82 Figure 45. Lindholmen Science Park Partners 84 Figure 46. EcoDataCenter site in Stockholm, Sweden 85 Figure 47. Zenuity Cloud Headquarters for Automotive IoT 87 Figure 48. IBM Headquarters Sweden 88 Figure 49. Largest Construction Companies in Sweden 90 Figure 50. Skanska Revenue per Segment 2019 94 Figure 51. Skanska Revenue Commercial Property Development 95 Figure 52. NCC Sales by Category January to June 2019 98 Figure 53. NCC Sales by Quarter 2018-2019 98 Figure 54. NCC Product Mix Orders 99 Figure 55. JM Commercial Building Design 100 Figure 56. JM Revenue 101 Figure 57. Vectura Key Facts 102 Figure 58. Swedish Association of Management Consultants
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