The 2019 study has 136 pages and 55 tables and figures. Growth is based on implementation polymer-based drug delivery technology, energy efficient data centers, and AI computing. Access to locations across the world through strategically placed cables promise to make Finland the location of choice for a data center.
Favorable work environments and a culture of integrity are a huge draw for the country. The people are nice and the working conditions are comfortable in Finland.
The research and development department in Turku Finland is the only research and development unit in the Bayer Group focused on polymer-based drug delivery technology. The technology can be utilized in products with a lifetime of a few months up to several years. polymer-based drug delivery technology promises to provide a significant high growth market and to attract companies who want to be close to the Finish center of excellence for this technology.
Byer production plant in Turku is Finland's second largest pharmaceutical factory worldwide. Bayer's global pharmaceutical plant is used to develop and manufacture high quality specialty products for worldwide distribution to more than 100 countries. Long-acting polymer-based products, MIRENA® and JAYDESS® Hormone Prosthesis and JADELLE® Prevention Implants are made. In addition, Bayer produces tablets and capsules, BONEFOS® for cancer treatment. MIRENA is sold in over 100 countries, United States, Europe, Far East.
Data centers and networks in Finland are unique and wonderful. Aiber Networks Finland data center implements a cloud. Aiber Networks converted an underground military facility. The caves in which the company is building are made up of three separate tunnels that will each be used for individual data halls. The caves have been converted and used to host high availability cloud services.
The site offers 13,000 square feet of space. It supports 50 kW per rack, with a total power consumption of up to 4 MW. The Tampere data center is designed to meet Tier IV specifications. It features a high degree of automation. Free cooling and liquid cooling are employed, and waste heat is sold to the city's electrical company. The project is estimated to cost between $55 million and $110 million dollars.
Google PUE of 1.1 in Finland is unmatched anywhere else in the world. Climatic environment is an asset in Finland as data centers need cooling. Scale is everything in the era of Clos architecture of the data center and optical transceivers for inside the data center. Data moves at the speed of light around the network inside the data center so scale is important. Outside the mega data center, the charter is to leverage international cable infrastructure. Plans are attracting investment in data communications access in Finland that provides worldwide reach with millisecond data transmission anywhere.
“The communication of data accurately is a demanding task. The data centers in Finland are poised to be world-class, supporting interconnectivity to the US, Europe, and Asia.”
Varian Medical Systems Finland Oy is offering world class product sets. Varian Medical Systems Finland Oy makes ultraviolet (UV), infrared and radiological equipment for biological and medical applications. Varian Medical Systems Finland Oy is the developer of Varian’s premium radiotherapy treatment planning systems, such as Eclipse™ and BrachyVision™.
Varian Medical Systems Finland Oy
Data Center Finland Oy
Microsoft / Nokia
Amazon Web Services
North Shore DC's
The Arctic Connect Cableway
North Shore DC Engineering Services for International Operators
Silent Partner Group of Companies
Google and its Main Construction Contractor ISG
ISG Construction Services
Cathexis UK Holdings Limited / ISG Plc
CSC / Enterprise Services of HP Enterprise to create DXC Technology
Pöyry PLC Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management (EPCM) services
Contract by Pori Energia Oy for Aittaluoto Biomass-Fired Combined Heat And Power (CHP) Plant
Pöyry EPCM for Combined Heat & Power plant Laanila Bio Power Plant project in Oulu, Finland
Pöyry was awarded EPCM for Agnico-Eagle Gold Mine
OVH - Data Centers | OVHcloud
Lemminkäinen / DPR Fortis Mission Critical
Fluor and Competitors
Turku, Finland | Neste Jacobs
Sirius Engineers Ltd (Finland)
RD-ROI Helsinki DC
The ABB Group: Helsinki
Granlund Data Centers
Granlung Telia Helsinki and Tieto Data Center
Fortis Construction Internet Data Center Finland
Johnson Controls Introduces Magos Radar Technology...
Other Advanced Companies Finland
AE/CM, EPCM, EPC, GC, PM/CM
Efficient Data Centers
5G in Finland
Local Total Recordable Incident Rate (TRIR)
Occupational Safety and Health
Workplace Laws and OSH
Unions Use Collective Bargaining
Work Safety Regulations
Tax Issues Arising On Construction Projects
Regulations and Compliance
Finland Medical Technology
Finland Hyperscale Data Centers
Mega Data Centers
Efficient Data Centers
Google PUE of 1.1 in Finland
Finland Data Communication
World class data centers
Business Ecosystems Networks
Colocation Service Equipment
Round Trip Delay Table
Cloud Exchange Fabric Data Transport
Arctic Connect Cableway
Table of Contents
Finland: Advanced Facilities Profile: Market Analysis 1 Efficient Data Centers: Low PUE, That Further Generate Revenue 1 Finland Advanced Facilities Operations & AE/CM Executive Summary 12 5G in Finland 13 Finland Advanced Facilities Operations Considerations 15
1. Finland Safety Culture 16 1.1 Local Total Recordable Incident Rate (TRIR) Relative to Regional Statistics 18 1.2 Relevant Environmental, Health & Safety Legislation 20 1.2.1 Finland Occupational Safety and Health Act 21 1.2.2 Employment Contracts Act 22 1.2.3 Equality between Women and Men 23 1.2.4 Device Importer and Seller Device Responsibilities 23 1.3 Finland Safety Authority. 23 1.3.1 Assessment of Finland Workplace Laws and OSH 24 1.3.2 Assessment of Finland Workplace Laws and OSH Enforcement 25 1.3.3 Unions Use Collective Bargaining to Adjust Work Safety Regulations 25 1.3.4 Finland: 5 Regions to Monitor Industrial Safety 26 1.3.5 Finish Authorities That Support OSH 28 1.3.6 Finnish Standards Association (SFS) 29 1.3.7 Finland Participation in the International Organization for Standardisation ISO 29 1.3.8 Employer Healthcare Obligations in Finland 29 1.3.9 Preventive Occupational Health Care 29 1.3.10 Promoting Work Ability in Finland 30 1.3.11 Finish Occupational Accidents and Occupational Diseases 32
2.0 Finland Taxation 33 2.1 Local Tax Legislation, Including VAT 33 2.2 Global Mobility Restrictions 34 2.3 Double Taxation Legislation 36 2.3.1 Singapore - Finland Double Tax Treaty 36 2.3.2 Germany - Finland Double Tax Treaty 36 2.3.2 US - Finland Double Tax Treaty - 36 2.4 Corporate Branches Required To Arrange Bookkeeping That Conforms to GAAP 36 2.4.1 Using an Umbrella Company for Income Tax in Finland. 36 2.5 Corporation Tax 37 2.5.2 Tax Issues Arising On Construction Projects 37 2.5.3 Tax incentives 37
3.0 Legal / Regulations 38 3.1 Status of Legal Entity in Finland 39 3.2 Regulations and Compliance Pertaining Locally in Finland 39 3.2.1 Contract Stipulations 39 3.6.1 Finish Acts that Apply to Contractors and Contractor Obligations with Respect to Subcontractors: 40 3.2.1 Regulatory Compliance 41 3.2.2 Documents And Customs Regulations 41 3.2.3 Customs Regulations 42 3.2.4 Dutiable/Restricted Items 42 3.2.5 Exporting to Finland 42 3.2.6 Work Permitting Requirements of Personnel in Finland: Work Permits 43 3.2.7 International Driving Permits 44 3.3 Permitting Requirements of Developments in Finland 45
4. Advanced Manufacturing Facility Sectors in Finland 45 4.1 Finland Bio-Pharma 47 Bayer 47 Turku 47 Espoo 48 4.1.1 Addoz 49 4.11.2 Paras Biopharmaceuticals Finland Oy 50 4.2 Finland Medical Technology 50 4.2.1 Varian Medical Systems Finland Oy 50 4.2.2 Pfizer 51 4.2.3 Smart Healthcare 52 4.2.4 OuluHealth 52 4.3 Electronics / Semi Conductor / Software / Communications 53 4.3.2 Nokia Siemens Networks 53 4.3.3 Oulu Wireless 53 4.3.4 Flexbright Oy Semi Conductor 53 4.3.5 Alliance 53 4.3.6 LocusLabs and IndoorAtlas 54 4.3.7 Belt and Road, China’s President Xi Jinping, Finland Construction 54 4.3.8 Codescoop 54 4.3.10 Sea Lion Cable Cinia 54 4.4 Data Centers in Finland 55 4.4.1 Demand In The Data Center Construction Market 55 4.4.2 Data Center Risk Index: Finland 56 4.4.3 Google 58 4.4.4 Google Wind Power Purchase Agreements 58 4.4.5 Yandex 58 4.4.7 Equinix 59 4.4.12 Equinix Finland Gateway Between the East And West 59 4.4.13 Ficolo €50m Helsinki Data Center - DCD 59 4.4.14 Tieto Construction of Finland Data Center - DCD 60 4.4.15 Telia Finland Oyj 60 4.4.18 Telia Renewable Energy, Energy Reuse, and Consumer Home Heating 61 4.4.19 Microsoft 62 4.4.20 Data Center Operator Hetzner Online 62 4.4.26 Finland Aiber Networks Data Center 63 4.5 Other Advanced Manufacturing 64 4.5.1 Kone Construction Technology 64 4.5.2 Third Space Auto Chose Finland As An R&D Location For Its Ecosystem 64 4.5.3 Arctic Security, Cyber Security 65 4.5.5 Skangas’ LNG 65 4.5.6 Radar Installations 65 4.5.7 Honeywell 65 4.6 Selected List of FDI entities in Finland 65 4.7 FDI Investment in Finland 66 4.7.1 Google 66 4.7.2 Equiinix 67
5.0 Competition – Engineering & Construction Providers 67 5.1 Business Finland 67 5.1.1 General Contractors of Finland 67 5.2 List of Top Providers in Finland AE and CM Market 70 5.2.1 Top Data Center Sector Architecture Firms 70 5.2.2 Top Data Center Sector Engineering Firms 71 5.2.3 Top Data Center Sector Construction Firms 74 5.3 Construction Supply Chain - Names of Top Ten Contractors And Their Discipline; CSA, Mech, Elec, 76 5.3.1 Google and its Main Construction Contractor ISG 76 5.3.2 ISG Construction Services 77 5.3.3 Cathexis UK Holdings Limited / ISG Plc 78 5.3.4 CSC / Enterprise Services of HP Enterprise to create DXC Technology. 78 5.3.5 Gearshiftgroup 79 5.3.6 Pöyry PLC Engineering, Procurement and Construction Management (EPCM) services contract by Pori Energia Oy for Aittaluoto Biomass-Fired Combined Heat And Power (CHP) Plant 79 5.3.7 Pöyry was awarded EPCM for Combined Heat & Power plant Laanila Bio Power Plant project in Oulu, Finland 79 5.3.8 Pöyry was awarded EPCM for Agnico-Eagle Gold Mine 79 5.3.9 OVH - Data Centers | OVHcloud 80 5.3.10 AECOM 87 5.3.11 Lemminkäinen / DPR Fortis Mission Critical 87 5.3.12 Fluor and Competitors 87 5.3.13 Turku, Finland | Neste Jacobs 87 5.3.14 Sirius Engineers Ltd (Finland) 87 5.3.15 RD-ROI Helsinki DC 87 5.3.16 The ABB Group: Helsinki 88 5.3.17 Granlund 88 5.3.18 Granlund Data Centers 92 5.3.19 Granlung Telia Helsinki and Tieto Data Center 92 5.3.20 Fortis Construction Internet Data Center Finland 93 5.3.21 Johnson Controls Introduces Magos Radar Technology... 93 5.3.22 MediaTek Wireless 93 5.3.23 YIT 93 5.3.24 Luia 94 5.4 Other Advanced Companies Finland 94 5.4.1 Finland Large Companies 94 5.5 AE/CM, EPCM, EPC, GC, PM/CM 100
6. Treatment of Risk 100 6.1 Treatment of Risk with Typical AE or CM contracts 100 6.1.1 Contract Clauses: Nolo Contendere 100 6.1.2 Equal Share of Risk 100 6.1.3 Construction Change Orders in Finland 101 6.1.4 Finland Construction Vendor Guarantee and Liability 102 6.2 Finland Construction Vendor Arbitration clauses 102 6.3 Risk Allocation Goes To Party Best Placed To Manage The Risk 102 6.3.1 In Finland, Risk Allocation Depends on Safety Record 102 6.3.2 Finland Construction Vendor Testimonial 102 6.4 Finland BIM Construction Contracts Equal Share Of Risk. 103 6.4.1 Finland BIM Contracting Risk Allocation To Party Best Placed To Manage The Risk 103 6.4.2 Finland BIM Construction Risk Management 103
7 Characteristics of Local Business Culture in the AE & CM market 105 7.1 Litigious or Deal-Making? 105 7.2 Commitment to ethical business practices / anti-corruption credentials 106 7.3 Contractual Behaviour 106 7.3.1 Typical Delivery Model Applicable 106 7.3.2 Prohibiting Corrupt Practices 107 7.3.3 Bankruptcy/Insolvency 107 7.3.4 PPPs 108 7.3.5 Dispute Resolution 108 7.3.6 Courts and Arbitration Organisations 108 7.3.7 Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Methods 109 7.3.8 Other Requirements for International Contractors 109 7.3.9 Reform 109 7.4 Environmental Issues 109 7.4.1 Air 109 7.4.2 Water 110 7.4.3 Waste 110 7.4.4 Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) 110 7.4.5 Sustainable development 110 7.4.6 New Buildings Need to Meet Carbon Emissions And Climate Change Targets 110
8 Main Construction Organisations 111 8.1 Confederation of Finnish Construction Industries (RT – Rakennusteollisuus) (CFCI) 111 8.1.1 Finnish Association of Building Owners and Construction Clients (RAKLI) 111 8.2 Online resources 111 8.2.1 Finlex Data Bank 111 8.3 Finnish Construction Trade Union - Rakennusliitto 111 8.4 Level of Design Expected By Client / Supply Chain; Design Intent, IFC, 111 8.4.1 Finland Construction Project Planning 112 8.5 Characteristics of Local Business Culture in the AE & CM Market 112 Appendix A: 113 Companies in Finland 113 Finland Company Number Employees 151 Appendix B 157 Contacts 157 Appendix C Data Center Technology 159 Data Center Containers 159 Gigaom | Google’s 10 rules for designing data centers 160 Finland Construction Company Turnover (×1000) EUR 160 YIT 161 Lemminkäinen Group Merges with YIT: Risk Management 162 Poyry 162
List of Figures
Figure 1. Mobil Data Usage per Person 16 Figure 2. 5G in FInland 16 Figure 3. Finland Architects and Engineers, Construction Managers, 2018 18 Figure 4. European Portion Of The Top 10 Revenue Generating Companies Worldwide ($M), None in Finland 18 Figure 5. Safety Standards: EU and Finland, 2018 20 Figure 6. European and Finland Accidents at Work 21 Figure 7. European and Finland Deaths at Work 22 Figure 8. Rate of Fatalities in Construction Various Countries Including Finland and European Countries 22 Figure 9. International Labour Organization Data on Workplace Deaths in Finland, 2012 23 Figure 10. Finland Occupational Safety and Health Act Objectives 24 Figure 11. European and Finland % Workers with Collective Bargaining Contracts, 2018 25 Figure 12.Finland Local Work Safety Authority Organizational Chart and Names of Administrators 29 Figure 13. Finland: 5 Regions to Monitor Industrial Safety 30 Figure 14. Finland Occupational Safety and Health Act 31 Figure 15. Finland Incidence of Occupational Accidents Among Wage Earners in Principal Sectors, 2005 to 2014 33 Figure 16. Finland Workplace Accidents Among Wage Earners, By Occupation, 2014 34 Figure 17. Finish Occupational Accidents and Occupational Diseases 35 Figure 18. Finland Largest Municipalities 37 Figure 19. European and Finland Level of Corruption 41 Figure 20. Status of Legal Entity in Finland 42 Figure 21. Construction Contract Stipulations in Finland 43 Figure 22. Advanced Manufacturing Facility Sectors in Finland 48 Figure 23. Investment in Artic Europe 200 Billion EUR 2015 to 2025 49 Figure 24. Technology Industry Sectors of Finland: 50 Figure 25. Finland Turku Production Plant 2.5 million Square Feet 51 Figure 26. Bayer Nordic SE and Bayer Oy Espoo Finland 52 Figure 27. Varian Headquarters 54 Figure 28. Pfizer office in Helsinki. 50,000 sq meters, 55 Figure 29. Data Centers in Finland 59 Figure 30. Data Center Risk Index: Finland and Europe 2018 60 Figure 31. Telia Finland 64 Figure 32. Hetzner Colocation Center, One of 5 In Finland 65 Figure 33. Hetzner Finland Locations Serve Asia: 66 Figure 34. KONE Created A Cable Consisting Of A Carbon Fibre Core Covered With A Unique High-Friction Coating. They call it UltraRope. 67 Figure 35. Selected List of FDI entities 69 Figure 36. Equinix To Open Seventh Data Center In Finland With Usd 20 Million Investment 70 Figure 37. List of Consultancies specializing in Finland Permitting 71 Figure 38. Key Developments in Construction in Finland 72 Figure 39. Top Data Center Sector Architecture Firms 73 Figure 40. Top Data Center Sector Engineering Firms 74 Figure 41. Top Data Center Sector Construction Firms 77 Figure 42. ISG Data Center 80 Figure 43. ISG Profile 81 Figure 44. Finland Top Data Center Sector Architecture Firms 83 Figure 45. Finland Top Data Center Sector Engineering Firms 85 Figure 46. Finland Top Data Center Sector Construction Firms 88 Figure 47. Granlund Areas of Expertise 92 Figure 48. Granlund Digital Facility Services in Finland 93 Figure 49. List of Finland Native Companies 98 Figure 50. Construction Change Orders in Finland 104 Figure 51. Finland BIM Construction Risk Management Issues 107 Figure 52. Risk Management for Finland Construction Projects 108 Figure 53. Problems That Arise Regarding Finland Construction Project Planning 115 Figure 54. Companies in Finland 116 Figure 55. Finland Construction Company Turnover (×1000) EUR 163
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