India ports have no outstanding fame in the history. For years they have generally been impressed of inefficiency and poor infrastructure. On the contrary, China has vast, state-of-the-art range of facilities available along China’s coastline. But it is the time of India ports to bloom. Indeed, many state-owned port facilities in India still in a rudimentary stage, the country’s private ports are now substantial to match their rivals in China.
Although the two countries have a similar populations base, India’s port throughput capacity is only around 8% of that China’s. However growth in China is slowing as the economy is recalibrated towards services and consumption. Container throughput growth at China’s major ports fell from 3.3% in 1H15 to 2.3% in 1H2016. At the same time, India achieved fast growth with a 6.9% increase in throughput in 1H16 versus a 4.3% increase in 1H15. Moreover, the growth was much higher at some private ports.
State owned ports in India are classified as ‘Major ports’. For example, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust in Maharashtra, which is India’s largest container port. The private ports, such as GPPV and ADSEZ, are categorized as ‘Minor ports’. This is exactly where the growth is. India’s private ports’ overall market share has grown from 24% in 2005 to 45% in 2016, and they will continue to grow while their rivals are obstructed by tariff regulations and capacity constraints. ADSEZ’s throughput has risen at a CAGR of 29% in the last decade and at a CAGR of 14% at GPPV, far ahead of the 4% at state-owned ‘Major ports’.
Port throughput in India is set to grow at an even faster pace over the next few years. In the short term, India is enjoying the best monsoon rains in many years, which would most probably increasing agriculture exports. Higher disposable incomes, buttressed by a pay rise for millions of civilian servants, will likely increase domestic consumer demand. In a longer term, “Make in India” strategy aims to boost the share of manufacturing to 25% of GDP by 2022 from 18% now, which includes improving infrastructure and creating freight and trade corridors.
This report is mainly concerned with the following:
- Detailed comparison of India’s port sector with other regions in terms of tariff regulation and vertical integrated business model.
- This report compares listed Indian port companies with global listed peers on operating metrics, financial metrics.
- Summarized the development of foreign port operators in India.
- This report identifies the drivers of India ports.