Oilfield Chemicals to 2019

Published: November 2015
No. of Pages: 321

US demand to reach $10.3 billion in 2019

US demand for oilfield chemicals is forecast to increase to $10.3 billion in 2019, with healthy growth overcoming declines expected in 2015 and 2016. Although low oil prices in 2015 have led to sharp reductions in exploration and development spending, a recovery in prices should bring about a rebound by 2019, allowing the market for chemicals used in drilling, cementing, hydraulic fracturing, completion, and enhanced oil recovery (EOR) to see increases in demand.

The development of unconventional oil and gas has dramatically changed the market for oilfield chemicals as higher costs and a greater level of complexity associated with each well have led to rapid demand growth. The use of large volume hydraulic fracturing has markedly increased the volume of chemicals utilized in an average well completion, while the drilling of ever longer horizontal wells has promoted additional consumption of drilling and completion fluids, cement, and related chemicals.

Trends to favor evolving fracturing fluids, drilling muds

The technologies employed in developing tight oil and shale gas resources continue to evolve, and key trends over the next several years will include the ongoing shift toward slickwater fracturing fluids and high-performance drilling muds. Environmental concerns and the development of chemical formulations that can address these concerns will also have an increasing impact on the market during the forecast period, promoting additional demand for more environmentally friendly chemicals, such as biodegradable shale inhibitors and less toxic biocides. Offshore activity is expected to remain an important contributor to the overall market as well, and the need for environmentally compatible fluids and chemicals will be greatest in offshore environments.

Stimulation, drilling fluids to remain key applications

Hydraulic fracturing has emerged as the largest application for oilfield chemicals. Despite the low oil price environment, continued growth in the average volume of fluids used per well will sustain growth in chemical demand. However, this positive factor will be partially offset by the increasing use of slickwater fluids with reduced chemical loadings, holding back stronger advances. Guar gum will remain the most significant chemical in hydraulic fracturing, although others, including friction reducers, acids, and surfactants, will also exhibit a high level of usage.

The number of wells and total footage drilled in 2019 are expected to exceed those in 2014, stimulating demand for chemicals utilized in both drilling and completion activities. Demand will be strongest for chemicals associated with improved drilling efficiency and reduced rig time, less tendency to cause formation damage, and more favorable environmental profiles. Although oil-based drilling fluids remain most commonly utilized in horizontal wells, cost, environmental, and regulatory considerations have encouraged development of better performing water-based drilling fluids, and these will continue to see increasing usage even in difficult drilling conditions.

Although investment in EOR projects will be sharply curtailed by the low oil price environment, EOR practices will remain significant over the longer term. The use of industrially generated waste carbon dioxide for EOR will begin to emerge as a practical method of permanent storage of the greenhouse gas.

Company Profiles

Profiles 42 US industry players such as Ashland Chemical, Baker Hughes, BASF, Dow Chemical & Halliburton

Additional Information

This study analyzes US demand for oilfield chemicals, including additives used in drilling fluids, stimulation fluids, cement slurries, and completion and workover fluids, as well as production chemicals and enhanced oil recovery products. In addition, demand for formulated oilfield fluids (e.g., drilling fluids) is also examined. Chemicals are discussed at the final product suppliers’ level in the Oilfield Chemical Applications section and at the chemical manufacturers’ level in the Oilfield Chemical Products section. Excluded from the scope of the study are oilfield services, and, as a result, the market data presented in this study may differ from other estimates that utilize different definitions and encompass additional or different products. Because certain products (e.g., fracturing fluids) are not typically sold outside of an arrangement for their use, no market values are presented for these products. Demand figures in this study include merchant market gases such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen (but not natural gas or other hydrocarbon gases) used in fracturing fluids and enhanced oil recovery operations.

Historical data (2004, 2009, and 2014) and forecasts for 2019 and 2014 are provided for sales of oilfield chemicals at the aggregate level, valued in millions of current US dollars, including inflation. Volume demand is also presented for selected chemical types. The term “demand” refers to “apparent consumption,” and is defined as shipments (also referred to variously as “production,” “output,” or “supply”) from domestic manufacturing facilities plus imports, minus exports. It is used interchangeably with the terms “market,” “sales,” and “consumption.”

Oilfield Chemicals to 2019

Table of Contents

Introduction XI

I. Executive Summary 1

II. Market Environment 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Environment 6
Crude Oil & Natural Gas Outlook 10
Oil & Gas Prices 14
Petroleum 15
Exploration & Reserves 17
Production 18
Drilling 22
Pricing 24
Natural Gas 25
Exploration & Reserves 27
Production 28
Drilling 32
Pricing 34
Oilfield Services Outlook 35
Enhanced Oil Recovery 39
Market Volatility 41
Pricing Trends 44
Drilling & Completion Fluids 45
Oilfield Chemicals 48
Environmental & Regulatory Considerations 50
Foreign Trade 54
World Oilfield Chemicals Outlook 55

III. Technology 59
General 59
Drilling Technologies 60
Directional Drilling 62
Horizontal Drilling 63
Pad Drilling 65
Underbalanced Drilling 66
Other Drilling Technologies 66
Well Completion 67
Well Stimulation 68
Hydraulic Fracturing 69
Gas Fracturing 70
Multistage Fracturing 72
Refracturing 72
Acidizing 73
Other Well Stimulation Technologies 74
Enhanced Oil Recovery 75
Thermal Recovery 76
Gas Recovery 76
Chemical Recovery 77
Other EOR Methods 77
Unconventional Resource Development 79
Tight Oil 79
Shale Gas 80
Coalbed Methane 81

IV. Oilfield Fluids Outlook 82
General 82
Stimulation Fluids 83
Slickwater Fracturing Fluids 85
Crosslinked & Linear Gels 87
Other Stimulation Fluids 89
Gas Fracturing Fluids 90
Acidizing Fluids 91
All Other Stimulation Fluids 92
Drilling Fluids 92
Water-Based Drilling Fluids 97
Oil-Based Drilling Fluids 99
Synthetic-Based Drilling Fluids 100
Demand by Location 102
Market Share 105
Cement Slurries 106
Completion & Workover Fluids 108
Product Characteristics 110
Market Share 112

V. Oilfield Chemical Applications 114
General 114
Stimulation Fluid Additives 116
Gelling Agents 117
Acids 120
Biocides 122
Friction Reducers 124
Breakers 126
Other Stimulation Fluid Additives 128
Drilling Fluid Additives 130
Weighting Materials 132
Viscosifiers 134
Shale Inhibitors 137
Other Drilling Fluid Additives 139
Production Chemicals 141
Demulsifiers 144
Corrosion & Scale Inhibitors 146
Asphaltene & Paraffin Inhibitors 148
Other Production Chemicals 150
Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Products 152
Completion & Workover Fluid Additives 155
Cement Additives 157
Fluid Loss Control Additives 159
Accelerators & Retarders 161
Extenders 163
Other Cement Additives 165

VI. Oilfield Chemical Materials 167
General 167
Specialty Chemicals 169
Biocides 172
Corrosion & Scale Inhibitors 174
Demulsifiers 176
Other Specialty Chemicals 178
Commodity Chemicals 180
Barite 182
Acids 185
Clays 187
Other Commodity Chemicals 189
Polymers 191
Natural & Synthetic Gums 193
Guar Gum 195
Xanthan Gum 197
Other Gums 197
Polyacrylamides 198
Cellulose & Starch Polymers 199
Other Polymers 201
Gases 202
Carbon Dioxide 204
Nitrogen 207

VII. Industry Structure 210
General 210
Market Share 214
Formulated Product Suppliers 214
Materials Suppliers 218
Competitive Strategies 219
Mergers & Acquisitions 222
Marketing & Distribution 225
Research & Development 227
Company Profiles 228
AES Drilling Fluids, see Canadian Energy Services & Technology
Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated 229
Akzo Nobel NV 231
Albemarle Corporation 233
AMCOL International, see Minerals Technologies American Colloid, see Minerals Technologies Ashland Incorporated 235
Baker Hughes Incorporated 237
Baroid Fluid Services, see Halliburton BASF SE 241
Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated 243
Canadian Energy Services & Technology Corporation 246
Capitol Aggregates Limited 249
Chemlogics, see Solvay Chemours Company 251
Chemtura Corporation 253
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC 254
Clariant International Limited 256
Croda International plc 258
Cytec Industries Incorporated 261
Dow Chemical Company 262
Drilling Specialties, see Chevron Phillips Chemical DuPont (EI) de Nemours 264
Ecolab Incorporated 265
Elementis plc 268
Emery Oleochemicals Group 270
Enerchem International Incorporated 271
Excalibar Minerals, see Newpark Resources GEO Drilling Fluids Incorporated 272
Geo Technologies, see Croda International Great Lakes Solutions, see Chemtura Halliburton Company 274
Hindustan Gum & Chemicals, see Solvay ICL-IP, see Israel Chemicals Independence Oilfield Chemicals,  see Innospec Innospec Incorporated 279
INVISTA Sarl, see Koch Industries Israel Chemicals Limited 282
JACAM Chemicals, see Canadian Energy Services & Technology Jordan Bromine, see Albemarle Kemira Oyj 284
Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP 287
Koch Industries Incorporated 289
LafargeHolcim Limited 291
Lubrizol, see Berkshire Hathaway M-I SWACO, see Schlumberger Mega Fluids Mid-Continent, see Canadian Energy Services & Technology Messina Incorporated 294
Minerals Technologies Incorporated 296
Multi-Chem, see Halliburton Nalco Champion, see Ecolab National Oilwell Varco Incorporated 298
Newpark Resources Incorporated 299
Nexeo Solutions LLC 302
NOV FluidControl, see National Oilwell Varco Novecare, see Solvay Praxair Incorporated 303
PureChem Services, see Canadian Energy Services & Technology Roemex Limited 304
Schlumberger Limited 305
Solvay SA 313
Southwest Treating Products, see Canadian Energy Services & Technology Strata Control Services, see Innospec TETRA Technologies Incorporated 317
3F Chimica, see Kemira TIORCO, see Ecolab Weatherford International plc 319
Other Companies Mentioned in Study 320

List of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 10
2 Oil & Gas Production & Consumption 13
3 Petroleum Supply & Demand 17
4 Crude Oil Drilling Indicators 23
5 Natural Gas Supply & Demand 26
6 Natural Gas Drilling Indicators 33
7 Oilfield Services Indicators 38
8 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) 41
9 Oilfield Chemical Market, 2004-2014 43
10 Average Drilling & Completion Fluid Prices 48
11 Selected Oilfield Chemical Product Prices 50

Section IV -- Oilfield Fluids Outlook
1 Oilfield Fluid Volume by Type 83
2 Stimulation Fluid Volume 85
3 Slickwater Fracturing Fluid Volume 87
4 Crosslinked & Linear Gel Fracturing Fluid Volume 89
5 Other Stimulation Fluid Volume 90
6 Drilling Fluid Demand by Type 95
7 Water-Based Drilling Fluid Demand 98
8 Oil-Based Drilling Fluid Demand 100
9 Synthetic-Based Drilling Fluid Demand 102
10 Drilling Fluid Demand by Location 104
11 Oilfield Cement Slurry Volume 108
12 Completion & Workover Fluid Demand 110

Section V -- Oilfield Chemical Applications
1 Oilfield Chemical Product Demand by Application 115
2 Stimulation Fluid Additive Demand 117
3 Gelling Agent Demand 120
4 Acid Demand in Stimulation Fluids 122
5 Biocide Demand in Stimulation Fluids 124
6 Friction Reducer Demand in Stimulation Fluids 126
7 Breaker Demand 128
8 Other Stimulation Fluid Additive Demand 130
9 Drilling Fluid Additive Demand 132
10 Drilling Fluid Weighting Material Demand 134
11 Drilling Fluid Viscosifier Demand 137
12 Shale Inhibitor Demand 139
13 Other Drilling Fluid Additive Demand 141
14 Oilfield Production Chemical Demand 144
15 Demulsifier Demand in Oilfield Production 146
16 Corrosion & Scale Inhibitor Demand in Oilfield Production 148
17 Asphaltene & Paraffin Inhibitor Demand in Oilfield Production 150
18 Other Production Chemical Demand 152
19 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Product Demand 155
20 Completion & Workover Fluid Additive Demand 157
21 Cement Additive Demand 159
22 Cement Fluid Loss Control Additive Demand 161
23 Cement Accelerator & Retarder Demand 163
24 Cement Extender Demand 165
25 Other Cement Additive Demand 166

Section VI -- Oilfield Chemical Materials
1 Oilfield Chemical Demand by Type 168
2 Specialty Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications 171
3 Biocide Demand in Oilfield Applications 174
4 Corrosion & Scale Inhibitor Demand in Oilfield Applications 176
5 Demulsifier & Related Product Demand in Oilfield Applications 177
6 Other Specialty Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications 179
7 Commodity Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications 181
8 Barite Demand in Oilfield Applications 185
9 Acid Demand in Oilfield Applications 187
10 Clay Demand in Oilfield Applications 189
11 Other Commodity Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications 191
12 Polymer Demand in Oilfield Applications 192
13 Natural & Synthetic Gum Demand in Oilfield Applications 195
14 Polyacrylamide Demand in Oilfield Applications 199
15 Starch & Cellulose Polymer Demand in Oilfield Applications 201
16 Other Polymer Demand in Oilfield Applications 202
17 Gas Demand in Oilfield Applications 204
18 Merchant Carbon Dioxide Demand in Oilfield Applications 207
19 Nitrogen Demand in Oilfield Applications 209

Section VII -- Industry Structure
1 US Oilfield Chemical Sales by Company, 2014 213
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 224

List of Charts

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Natural Gas & Crude Oil Prices, 2004-2014 15
2 US Petroleum Reserves, 2004-2014 18
3 Petroleum Production, 2004-2014 20
4 Crude Oil Producing States, 2014 21
5 Crude Oil Drilling Indicators, 2005-2014 23
6 Crude Oil Prices, 2004-2014 25
7 Natural Gas Reserves, 2004-2014 28
8 Natural Gas Production, 2004-2014 30
9 Natural Gas Producing States, 2014 31
10 Natural Gas Drilling Indicators, 2005-2014 33
11 Natural Gas Prices, 2004-2014 35
12 Oilfield Chemical Market, 2004-2014: Oilfield Chemical Demand & Oil & Gas Indicators 44

Section IV -- Oilfield Fluids Outlook
1 Drilling Fluid Demand by Type, 2014: Volume & Value 96
2 Drilling Fluid Market Share, 2014 106
3 Completion Fluid Market Share, 2014 113

Section VI -- Oilfield Chemical Materials
1 Oilfield Chemical Demand by Type, 2014 169
2 Specialty Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications, 2014 172
3 Commodity Chemical Demand in Oilfield Applications, 2014 182
4 Polymer Demand in Oilfield Applications, 2014 193

Section VII -- Industry Structure
1 US Oilfield Chemical Formulated Products Market Share, 2014 215

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group492

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