MENA Solar Energy Report 2014

Published: January 2014
No. of Pages: 206
  

The MEED Insight MENA Solar report provides a comprehensive overview of the solar (PV, CSP, and small-scale unit) market in the Middle East focusing on the regulatory policies and strategies, key clients, fiscal incentives and financing mechanisms and a detailed breakdown of current and future projects. Key benefits and feautures include:

  • Access breakdown of over $50bn worth of solar energy opportunities in the region
  • Learn how you can take advantage of financing opportunities
  • Obtain rankings of the key players and their projects
  • Understand the key policies and regulations for solar energy development in each country

MENA Solar Energy Report 2014

Table of Contents

1. Preface 9

2. Forward by MESIA 10

3. Executive Summary 11

4. Introduction 13
4.1 The off-grid challenge 22
4.2 Technologies 23
4.2.1 PV 23
4.2.1 CSP 25
4.2.1 ISCC 27
4.3 Solar power in desalination 29
4.4 Costs of renewables in the Middle East 30

5. Regional renewable energy initiatives and institutions 34
5.1 Initiatives 34
5.1.1 Desertec 34
5.1.2 The Mediterranean Solar Plan 36
5.2 Institutions 38
5.2.1 The International Renewable Energy Agency (Irena), UAE 38
5.2.2 Regional Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE), Egypt 39
5.2.3 King Abdullah City for Atomic & Renewable Energy (KA-Care), Saudi Arabia 40
5.2.4 Masdar, UAE 41
5.2.5 Qatar National Food Security Programme (QNFSP), Qatar 42
5.2.6 Middle East Solar Industry Association (Mesia) 43

6. Egypt 44
6.1 Policy landscape 44
6.1.1 Structure 45
6.1.2 Fuel mix 46
6.2 Regulatory policy 48
6.2.1 Fiscal incentives 49
6.2.2 Financing opportunities 50
6.3 Solar projects 50
6.3.1 Current projects 52
6.3.2 Future solar projects 54
6.4 Egypt key players 55

7. Morocco 57
7.1 Policy landscape 57
7.1.1 Structure 58
7.1.2 Fuel mix 59
7.1.3 Regulatory policy 60
7.1.4 Fiscal incentives 61
7.1.5 Financing options 62
7.2 Solar Projects 62
7.2.1 Current projects 64
7.2.2 Future projects 67
7.3 Morocco key players 68

8. Jordan 70
8.1 Policy landscape 70
8.1.1 Structure 71
8.1.2 Fuel mix 72
8.1 Regulatory policy 74
8.1.1 Fiscal incentives 76
8.1.2 Financing opportunities 76
8.2 Solar projects 77
8.2.1 Current projects 78
8.2.2 Future projects 83
8.3 Jordan key players 84

9. Saudi Arabia 85
9.1 Policy landscape 85
9.1.1 Structure 86
9.1.2 Fuel mix 88
9.2 Regulatory policy 90
9.2.1 Fiscal incentives 91
9.2.2 Financing opportunities 91
9.3 The KA-Care programme 92
9.3.1 Eligible technologies 93
9.3.2 Eligibility 93
9.3.3 Hybrid facilities 94
9.3.4 Timing and number of bid rounds 94
9.3.5 Job localisation 95
9.3.6 Research and development 96
9.3.7 KA-Care targets 97
9.4 Other solar projects 100
9.4.1 Current projects 101
9.5 Saudi Arabia key players 102

10. The UAE 104
10.1 Introduction 104
10.1 Abu Dhabi 108
10.1.1 Policy landscape . 108
10.1.2 Structure 109
10.1.3 Fuel mix 110
10.1.4 Regulatory policy . 113
10.1.5 Fiscal incentives 113
10.1.6 Financing opportunities 114
10.1.7 Solar projects 114
10.1.8 Current projects 114
10.1.9 Future projects 115
10.2 Dubai 117
10.2.1 Policy landscape . 117
10.2.2 Structure 118
10.2.3 Fuel mix 118
10.2.4 Regulatory policy . 120
10.2.5 Fiscal incentives 121
10.2.6 Financing opportunities 121
10.2.7 Solar projects 121
10.3 UAE key players 122

11. Algeria 125
11.1 Policy landscape 125
11.1.1 Structure 126
11.1.2 Fuel mix 127
11.1 Regulatory policy 128
11.1.1 Fiscal incentives 130
11.1.2 Financing opportunities 131
11.2 Solar projects 131
11.2.1 Current projects 135
11.2.2 Future projects 137
11.3 Algeria key players 138

12. Kuwait . 139
12.1 Policy landscape 139
12.1.1 Structure 141
12.1.2 Fuel mix 141
12.2 Regulatory policy 144
12.3 Fiscal incentives 144
12.4 Solar projects 145
12.4.1 Current solar projects 146
12.4.2 Future solar projects 149
12.5 Kuwait key players 152

13. Qatar 153
13.1 Policy landscape 153
13.1.1 Structure 155
13.1.2 Fuel mix 155
13.2 Regulatory policy 156
13.2.1 Fiscal incentives 158
13.2.2 Financing opportunities 158
13.3 Solar projects 158
13.3.1 Current projects 160
13.4 Qatar key players 161

14. Iraq  162
14.1 Policy landscape 162
14.1.1 Structure 164
14.1.2 Fuel mix 164
14.1 Regulatory policy 166
14.1.2 Financing opportunities 167
14.2 Solar projects 167
14.2.1 Current projects 170
14.2.2 Future projects 171
14.3 Iraq key players 173

15. Summary of other regional solar markets 174
15.1 Tunisia 174
15.1.1 Regulatory framework 176
15.1.2 Solar projects 179
15.1.3 PV 180
15.1.4 CSP 181
15.1.5 Tunisia key players 182
15.2 Libya 183
15.2.1 Regulatory framework 185
15.2.2 Solar projects 186
15.2.3 Libya key players. 188
15.3 Bahrain 189
15.3.1 Regulatory framework 190
15.3.2 Solar projects 191
15.3.3 Bahrain key players 192
15.4 Oman 193
15.4.1 Regulatory framework 194
15.4.2 Solar projects 196
15.4.3 Oman key players 199

16. Conclusion 201

List of Tables

Table 1: The structure of global power, 2011-30 (TWh) 13
Table 2: The Mena power sector key figures 17
Table 3: Summary of renewable energy support policies and targets in the Mena 14 22
Table 4: Comparison of main CSP technologies 26
Table 5: Average production costs for different electricity generating plants in Oman* 31
Table 6: Egypt power sector key facts, 2012 44
Table 7: Fuel consumption by the power sector, 2010-12 47
Table 8: Egypt renewable electricity performance indicators 48
Table 9: Kureimat ISCC key facts . 53
Table 10: Egypt current and future solar projects 55
Table 11: Morocco power sector key facts, 2012 57
Table 12: Morocco renewable electricity performance indicators 58
Table 13: Generation capacity by feedstock, 2011-12 (MW) 59
Table 14: Noor 1 key facts 65
Table 15: Morocco’s current and future solar projects 68
Table 16: Jordanian power sector key facts, 2012 70
Table 17: Jordan’s planned fuel sources for electricity generation, 2012-20 (%) 74
Table 18: Jordan renewable electricity performance indicators 74
Table 19: Jordanian feed-in tariff rates 75
Table 20: Prequalified companies and groups for solar elements of round 1 of the Jordanian renewable energy programme 80
Table 21: Prequalified companies for the Quweira PV plant 81
Table 22: Jordan current and future solar projects 83
Table 23: Saudi Arabia power sector key facts, 2012 85
Table 24: Power capacity by owner, 2012 87
Table 25: Renewable electricity performance indicators 90
Table 26: Indicative size of the first two renewable energy procurement rounds 97
Table 27: Key aspects of the KA-Care procurement programme 99
Table 28: UAE renewable electricity performance indicators 107
Table 29: Abu Dhabi power sector key facts, 2012 108
Table 30: Dubai power sector key facts, 2012 117
Table 31: Algeria power sector key facts, 2012 125
Table 32: Algeria renewable electricity performance indicators 128
Table 33: Solar feed-in tariffs 129
Table 34: Solar potential by area 135
Table 35: Neal’s proposed ISCC programme 137
Table 36: Kuwait power sector key facts, 2012 139
Table 37: Renewable electricity performance indicators 140
Table 38: Prequalifiers for Kisr’s first phase solar energy pilot plants 148
Table 39: Results of Kisr’s first phase two solar pilot plants, November 2013* 148
Table 40: Kuwait future solar projects 151
Table 41: Qatar power sector key facts, 2012 153
Table 42: Renewable electricity performance indicators 155
Table 43: Iraq power sector key facts, 2012 162
Table 44: Iraq excluding Kurdistan: structure of power generation capacity, 2013 (MW) 165
Table 45: Iraq’s renewable electricity performance indicators 165
Table 46: Iraqi renewable energy projects, 2013-16, stage one: off-grid units under evaluation 170
Table 47: Iraq’s plan for self-generating and solar water heaters, March 2013 173
Table 48: Tunisia power sector key facts, 2012 174
Table 49: Renewable electricity performance indicators 176
Table 50: The Tunisian Solar Plan 180
Table 51: Libya power sector key facts, 2012 183
Table 52: Reaol’s 2008 renewable energy targets, 2015-25 184
Table 53: Reaol’s 2013 proposed national strategy for the development of renewable energy 185
Table 54: Libya renewable electricity performance indicators 185
Table 55: Bahrain power sector key facts, 2012 189
Table 56: Renewable electricity performance indicators 190
Table 57: Oman power sector key facts, 2012 193
Table 58: Renewable electricity performance indicators 194

List of Figures

Figure 1: World renewable electricity capacity and forecast (GW) 13
Figure 2: Annual solar radiation levels in selected countries 15
Figure 3: The 14 Mena states covered in this report 16
Figure 4: The share of renewable energy capacity in the Mena power sector, 2013 (MW) 18
Figure 5: The breakdown of Mena renewable energy capacity by source, 2013 (MW) 18
Figure 6: Mena 2020 official or implied renewable energy targets as a % of total installed capacity 19
Figure 7: Mena 2020 official or implied renewable energy capacity 19
Figure 8: PV technologies 24
Figure 9: The cost comparison of thin film and crystalline silicon, 2009-15 ($/W) 24
Figure 10: Solar cell efficiency for various PV technologies, 1975-2010 (%) 25
Figure 11: Projected growth of CSP-generated electricity by region, 2010-50 (TWh/y) 26
Figure 12: Projected production and consumption of CSP-generated electricity by 2050 (TWh) 27
Figure 13: Selected ISCC/CSP projects in operation and under construction in the Mena region 28
Figure 14: The Ain Beni Mathar ISCC 28
Figure 15: Differences in gas costs and solar and wind energy production rates 31
Figure 16: Global cost projection for solar and conventional power generation ($/KWh) 32
Figure 17: GCC cost projection for solar and conventional power generation ($/kWh) 32
Figure 18: When will solar energy achieve cost parity? 33
Figure 19: Global levelised costs of power generation ranges, first quarter of 2013 33
Figure 20: Desertec EU MENA 36
Figure 21: Outline plan of Trans-Mediterranean power lines 38
Figure 22: Structure of the Egyptian electricity sector 45
Figure 23: Egyptian installed generating capacity by source, 2012 (MW) 46
Figure 24: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Egypt 51
Figure 25: The Kureimat ISCC 53
Figure 26: Energy mix by year, 2006-12 60
Figure 27: Direct normal irradiation map of Morocco 63
Figure 28: Global horizontal irradiation map of Morocco 64
Figure 29: The five key sites in the Moroccan Integrated Solar Energy Generation Project (needs to be updated) 67
Figure 30: Jordan power production by source, 2010 (GWh) 72
Figure 31: Projected peak power demand, 2010-20 (MW) 73
Figure 32: Jordan’s targeted energy mix, 2020 (%) 74
Figure 33: Global horizontal irradiance map of Jordan 77
Figure 34: Direct normal irradiance map of Jordan 78
Figure 35: Jordan map of small-scale PV applications 82
Figure 36: Power peak demand growth, 2008-12 86
Figure 37: Breakdown of power production by feedstock, 2011 88
Figure 38: Projected annual oil consumption by the power sector, 2011-30 89
Figure 39: KA-Care’s planned deployment of solar energy* (MW) 98
Figure 40: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Saudi Arabia 100
Figure 41: Annual global horizontal irradiation potentials in Saudi Arabia 100
Figure 42: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in the UAE 107
Figure 43: Abu Dhabi sector structure 110
Figure 44: Adwea total fuel consumption, 2009-11 111
Figure 45: Peak gas demand forecast for Abu Dhabi’s power and desalination sector, 2010-20* 111
Figure 46: Abu Dhabi forecast peak gas demand with and without alternative energy, 2010-20 112
Figure 47: Dewa’s fuel bill, 2004-08 119
Figure 48: Dubai’s targeted sources of generation, 2030 (%) 120
Figure 49: Sonelgaz companies . 126
Figure 50: Algerian power supplies by source, 2012 (%) 128
Figure 51: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Algeria 132
Figure 52: Algeria annual global horizontal irradiation potential 133
Figure 53: Algeria’s contribution of renewable energy to power generation, 2011-30 134
Figure 54: Algeria’s renewable and conventional energy mix, 2011-30 135
Figure 55: The Hassi R’Mel ISCC 136
Figure 56: Breakdown of energy consumption by sector, 2011 (%) 142
Figure 57: The power sector’s fuel mix, 2010 (%) 142
Figure 58: Projected fuel consumption by the power sector, 2010-30 143
Figure 59: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Kuwait 145
Figure 60: Proposed output levels from the Al-Abdaliya ISCC 147
Figure 61: Kahramaa’s original planned provisional long-term capacity by source*, 2008-36 (MW) 157
Figure 62: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Qatar 159
Figure 63: Solar radiation levels by month in Al-Khor (kWh/m2/d) 159
Figure 64: Electricity sector capital expenditure forecast, 2012-30 ($bn) – require original data 164
Figure 65: Forecast renewable energy generation capacity, 2012-30 – require original data 168
Figure 66: Iraqi renewable energy capacity additions, 2012-15 168
Figure 67: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Iraq 169
Figure 68: Annual global horizontal irradiation map of Iraq 169
Figure 69: Iraq planned stage one solar energy sites, March 2013 171
Figure 70: Iraq’s planned stage two solar energy projects, March 2013 172
Figure 71: Tunisian power supplies by source, 2011 (GWh) 175
Figure 72: Tunisian domestic power generation capacity by source, 2011 (MW) 175
Figure 73: Renewables targets set out under the Tunisian Solar Plan, 2010-30 (MW) . 177
Figure 74: Renewables targets by sector set out under the Tunisian Solar Plan, 2010-30 (MW) 178
Figure 75: Proposed sources of funding for the Tunisian Solar Plan (TDm) 178
Figure 76: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Tunisia 179
Figure 77: Libyan power generation capacity by source, 2009 184
Figure 78: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Libya 187
Figure 79: Solar thermal electricity generating potentials in Bahrain . 191
Figure 80: Annual direct normal irradiance map of Oman 197
Figure 81: Global solar radiation average, 1987-92 (kWh/m2/d) 198

Published By: Meed
Product Code: Meed1039


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