The Wireless Network Infrastructure Bible: 2014 – 2020 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, RRH, DAS, Cloud RAN, Carrier WiFi, Mobile Core & Backhaul

Published: June 2014
No. of Pages: 391
  

The term “Wireless Network Infrastructure” has conventionally been associated with macrocell Radio Access Network (RAN) and mobile core network infrastructure, which SNS Research estimates to account for nearly $52 Billion in spending by the end of 2014.

However, the scope of the term is expanding as wireless carriers increase their investments in Heterogeneous Network or HetNet infrastructure encompassing  WiFi, small cells, Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS), Remote Radio Heads (RRH) and the emerging Cloud RAN concept. Driven by the promise of added capacity and coverage with minimum investment in additional spectrum, HetNet infrastructure is expected to account for nearly $17 Billion in spending by the end of 2014.

While macrocell RAN spending is forecast to decline at a CAGR of 3% over the next 6 years, SNS Research estimates that the overall wireless network infrastructure market encompassing macrocell RAN, HetNet, mobile core and backhaul infrastructure will witness tremendous growth over the coming years. Growing at a CAGR of over 5%, the market will account for over $104 Billion in annual spending by the end of 2020.

Complimenting this growth would be over $1 Billion worth of annual R&D investments on 5G mobile technology by wireless carriers, vendors and vertical market players alike, in a bid to further enhance the capacity, speed and performance of future mobile networks.

The “Wireless Network Infrastructure Bible: 2014 – 2020 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, RRH, DAS, Cloud RAN, Carrier WiFi, Mobile Core & Backhaul” report presents an in-depth assessment of 9 individual submarkets of the wireless network infrastructure opportunity. Besides analyzing the key market drivers, challenges, operator revenue potential, regional CapEx commitments, expert interviews and vendor strategies, the report also presents revenue and unit shipment forecasts for the market from 2014 to 2020 at a regional as well as a global scale. Historical figures are also provided for 2010, 2011 and 2013.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from over 400 numeric forecasts presented in the report.

Key Findings:

The report has the following key findings:

  • Between 2014 and 2020, the 2G, 3G & 4G wireless network infrastructure market is expected to grow at a CAGR of nearly 5%
  • Vendors are increasing their focus on profit margins. Many are already cutting staff, embracing operational excellence, evolving their new business models, acquiring niche businesses and expanding their managed services offerings
  • New CapEx commitment avenues such as HetNet infrastructure and virtualization will usher industry restructuring. The wireless network infrastructure market will consolidate so as to eliminate one of the current global players by 2020
  • As wireless carriers look to offload traffic from their overburdened macrocell infrastructure, HetNet infrastructure will represent a market worth $43 Billion in 2020
  • Operators will ramp up on backhaul, aggregation, transport, routing based on IP and Ethernet technologies for offering mobile broadband services
  • Developing market growth will be a significant factor during the forecast period, with China and India seeing some of the highest levels of growth, both in terms of shipments and in the size of their installed base. After 2014, developing countries and their requirements will begin to shape future infrastructure technologies and architectures
  • Due to the investments in a single RAN technology, future LTE investments will cost much less than early investments of the technology
  • Supplemented with a drive towards virtualization, a limited amount of hardware installation will be needed when wireless carriers upgrade to LTE in the future
  • From 2016 onwards wireless carriers and vendors will spend at least $1 Billion per annum in R&D spending to drive standardization and commercialization of 5G technology
  • Voice over LTE (VoLTE) subscriptions will surpass 700 Million by 2020

Topics Covered:

The report covers the following topics:

  • Up-to-date coverage of market dynamics allowing wireless network infrastructure vendors to analyze the opportunities and challenges of selling to wireless carriers in different regional markets
  • Analysis of demand and supply of wireless infrastructure and the strategies of the key vendors. Research includes quantitative and qualitative market assessments as well as the forecasts of market trends, technology requirements and deployment strategies
  • Market analysis and forecasts for 9 individual submarkets and their subcategories: macrocell Radio Access Network (RAN), mobile core, macrocell backhaul, Remote Radio Heads (RRH), Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS), small cell RAN, cloud RAN, small cell backhaul and carrier WiFi
  • Exclusive interview transcripts from 2 of the largest wireless network infrastructure vendors; Ericsson and NSN
  • Mobile network CapEx commitments per region
  • Mobile network subscriptions, traffic projections and service revenue by technology and region
  • An assessment of 5G technology, initiatives and R&D commitments

Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation:

Market forecasts and historical revenue/unit shipment figures are provided for each of the following submarkets and their subcategories:

Submarkets

  • Macrocell RAN
  • Small Cell RAN
  • Remote Radio Heads (RRH)
  • Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS)
  • Cloud RAN
  • Carrier WiFi
  • Mobile Core
  • Macrocell Backhaul
  • Small Cell Backhaul

The following regional and technology markets are also covered:

Regional Markets

  • Asia Pacific
  • Eastern Europe
  • Latin & Central America
  • Middle East & Africa
  • North America
  • Western Europe

Technology Markets

  • GSM
  • CDMA/CDMA2000/EV-DO
  • W-CDMA/HSPA
  • LTE FDD
  • TD-LTE
  • WiMAX
  • WiFi

Key Questions Answered:

The report provides answers to the following key questions:

  • What are the key market drivers and challenges for SDN, NFV and the wider network virtualization ecosystem?
  • How is the 2G, 3G & 4G wireless infrastructure market evolving by segment and region? What will the market size be in 2020 and at what rate will it grow?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
  • How will the market shape for small cell infrastructure and other HetNet deployments such as DAS and cloud RAN?
  • How will WiFi fit into future mobile network architectures for access and offload?
  • Who are the key vendors in the market, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
  • What strategies should be adopted by wireless carriers and infrastructure vendors to remain a dominant market force?
  • Which 2G, 3G & 4G technology constitutes the highest amount of spending and how will this evolve overtime?
  • How will LTE deployments proceed, and how long will GSM, HSPA and CDMA technologies co-exist with LTE?
  • When will WiMAX infrastructure spending diminish?
  • What is the global and regional outlook for each individual sub-market including macrocell RAN, small cells, RRH, DAS, cloud RAN, carrier WiFi, mobile core, macrocell backhaul and small cell backhaul?
  • What is the opportunity for the mobile backhaul market, and what new backhaul solutions are evolving?
  • Do emerging virtualization technologies such as Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) pose a threat to traditional wireless infrastructure vendors?
  • How much will vendors and operators invest in 5G R&D?
  • How low is the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of a HetNet deployment in comparison to a homogeneous macrocell only RAN network?

List of Companies Mentioned:

The following companies and organizations have been reviewed, discussed or mentioned in the report:

  • “R” (Spain)
  • 21 Vianet Group
  • 2K Telecom
  • 3 Austria
  • 3 Denmark
  • 3 HK
  • 3 Ireland
  • 3 Italia
  • 3 Sweden
  • 365 Media
  • 3Roam
  • 4ipnet
  • 6WIND
  • A1 Telekom
  • Aalborg University
  • Aalto-University
  • Ablaze
  • Accedian
  • Accelleran
  • Actelis
  • Actix
  • Adams NetWorks
  • ADLINK
  • ADTRAN
  • ADVA
  • Advantech
  • Aero2
  • Aerohive
  • Aeronet
  • Aircel
  • Aircell
  • Aircom International
  • AirHop Communications
  • Airspan
  • Airtel Nigeria
  • Airvana
  • AIS/DPC Thailand
  • Al Madar
  • Alaska Communications
  • Albis Technologies
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Alfa
  • Algar Telecom (CTBC)
  • Algerie Telecom
  • Alpha Networks
  • Altel
  • Altera
  • Alvarion
  • Andorra Telecom
  • Andrew/CommScope
  • Anite
  • Antares Group
  • Antel
  • Anvaya Networks
  • Aptilo
  • Aqiva Wireless
  • Aquafon
  • Argela
  • Aricent
  • Armentel
  • Aruba
  • Aruba Networks
  • Asiaspace
  • Askey
  • ASOCS
  • Astellia
  • AT&T Mobility
  • Athena Wireless Communications
  • Atrica
  • Avanti
  • Avea
  • Aviat Networks
  • Axerra Networks
  • Axis Teknologies
  • Azercell
  • Azerfon
  • b•lite
  • Babilon Mobile
  • Bakcell
  • Bakrie Telecom
  • Batelco
  • Bayan Telecommunications
  • BayRICS
  • Beeline
  • Beeline Lao
  • BelAir
  • BelCel
  • Belgacom / Proximus
  • Bell Mobility
  • BendBroadband
  • BeST (Life)
  • BH Telecom
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Bhutan Telecom
  • Big Switch Networks
  • BigAir
  • BLiNQ Networks
  • Bluegrass Cellular
  • Blueline
  • BluWan
  • BMW
  • Bollore Telecom
  • Bouygues Telecom
  • Brazil  Army
  • Brazil  Sao Paulo Military Police
  • BridgeWave Communications
  • Broadcom
  • Brocade
  • Browan
  • BSNL
  • BT
  • BTC
  • BTI Systems
  • BTI Wireless
  • BTL
  • BUCD
  • Bulgaria  Vivacom
  • C Spire Wireless
  • C&S
  • Cable and Wireless
  • Cambium Networks
  • Cambridge Broadband Networks (CBNL)
  • Canoga Perkins
  • Carolina West Wireless
  • Carrier Access Corporation
  • Cavium
  • CBL Bahamas
  • CCS
  • Ceclcom Axiata
  • CeedTec
  • Celcite
  • Cell C
  • Cellcom
  • CellO (Optiway and Cellvine)
  • Celtro
  • CenturyLink
  • Ceragon
  • Ceragon
  • Chalmers University of Technology
  • Chariton Valley Comms
  • Charles Industries
  • Chat Mobility
  • China Mobile
  • China Mobile Hong Kong
  • China Telecom
  • China Unicom
  • CHT
  • Cielo
  • Ciena
  • Cisco
  • City of Charlotte Council
  • Claro
  • Clear Mobitel
  • CNT
  • Cobham/Axell Wireless
  • Coherent Logix
  • Colorado Valley
  • Comba
  • Comba Telecom
  • Commnet Wireless
  • Communication Components Inc. (CCI)
  • Contela
  • ConteXtream
  • Convergence Technologies
  • Copper Valley Telecom
  • Corning/MobileAccess
  • Cosmote
  • COTA Murcia4G
  • Cross Telephone
  • Crown Castle
  • CSI
  • CSL Limited
  • Custer Telephone
  • Cyan
  • Datame
  • Datang Mobile
  • DBD
  • Dedicado
  • DeltaNode
  • Deutsche Telekom
  • Dhiraagu
  • Dialog Axiata LTE TDD later FDD
  • Dialogic
  • DiGi
  • Digicel
  • Digicel Fiji
  • Digitel
  • Digitel Jamaica
  • Dish Network
  • D-Link
  • DNA
  • DOCOMO Euro-Labs
  • DoCoMo Pacific
  • DragonWave
  • DTAC – TriNet
  • Du
  • E Plus
  • eAccess
  • Eastlink
  • E-Band Communications
  • ECI Telecom
  • Econet Wireless
  • Eden Rock Communications
  • Edgewater
  • EE
  • EION
  • Elisa
  • EMT
  • Emtel
  • EnergyAustralia Ausgrid
  • EnGenius
  • Entel Movil
  • Entel PCS
  • Entel Peru
  • Enterasys
  • ERA/T-Mobile Poland
  • Ericsson
  • ETC
  • Etex Telephone Co-op
  • EtherReach
  • Ethertronics
  • Ethio Telecom
  • Ethos
  • Etisalat
  • Etisalat Misr
  • Evolve Broadband
  • Exalt
  • ExteNet Systems
  • Extreme Networks
  • FarEasTone
  • FastBack Networks
  • Fastlink (Regional Telecom)
  • Femtel
  • FibroLAN
  • Firetide
  • Fitel
  • Fjarskipti (Vodafone Iceland)
  • Fortinet
  • FPT Telecom
  • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft
  • Freescale Semiconductor
  • Fujitsu
  • Gemtek
  • Genband
  • Georgia  Magticom
  • Glo Mobile
  • Globacom
  • Global Mobile
  • Global Wireless Technologies (GWT)
  • Globe
  • GoNet Systems
  • Goodman Networks
  • Gore
  • GrenTech
  • Guineanet
  • Handlink
  • Hatteras
  • Hitachi
  • HP
  • Huahuan
  • Huawei
  • Hutchison 3
  • IBW International
  • ICE
  • iConnect
  • IDC Moldova
  • iDirect
  • IM2
  • Imagine Group
  • Infovista (Mentum)
  • InnerWireless (Acquired by Black Box)
  • Institut Mines-Télécom
  • Intel
  • InterDigital
  • Intracom
  • Intucell Systems (Acquired by Cisco)
  • Inwi
  • Iowa Statewide Interoperable Communications Board (ISICSB)
  • ip.access
  • IPITEK
  • Islandcom
  • IT&E Guam
  • JDSU (Arieso)
  • Juni
  • Juniper
  • Juniper Networks
  • Kcell
  • KDDI
  • Kentrox
  • Kordia
  • KPN
  • KPN Base
  • KPU (Alaska)
  • KT
  • KT Corp Rwanda
  • KTH - Royal Institute of Technology
  • Lanka Bell
  • Lantiq
  • Lattelecom
  • Leap Wireless/Cricket
  • LG U+
  • LightPoint Communications
  • Lightsquared
  • LIME
  • Linkem
  • LMT
  • LSI
  • LTC
  • M1
  • Manx Telecom
  • Mascom Wireless
  • Massnet
  • MAX Telecom
  • Maxim Integrated
  • Maxis
  • MaxyTel
  • Megafon
  • Menatelecom
  • Meru Networks
  • Mesaplexx
  • Meteor
  • Microwave Networks
  • Mid-Rivers Communications
  • Milmex
  • mimoOn
  • Mindspeed Technologies
  • Ministry of Industry, Development and Reform Commission - China
  • Ministry of Science - China
  • Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) - Korea
  • MiSpot
  • Mobile Norway/Tele2
  • Mobily
  • Mobinil
  • Mobistar
  • Mobitel
  • Moldcell
  • Monaco Telecom
  • Mongolia Telecom
  • Mosaic Telecom
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Movicel
  • Movilmax
  • Movilnet
  • Movistar
  • MRV Communications
  • MTA
  • MTC
  • MTC Touch
  • M-Tel
  • MTN
  • MTN Uganda
  • MTNL
  • MTPCS
  • MTS
  • MTS Allstream
  • MTS Belarus
  • MTS Ukraine
  • Myanmar P & T
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
  • Nawras
  • NBN Co.
  • Ncell
  • NEC
  • Neo-Sky
  • Neotel
  • Nepal Telecom
  • NetGear
  • Netronome
  • NewNet
  • Nexius
  • NITA
  • Node-H
  • NOKIA
  • Nomadix
  • Nomor Research
  • NorthwestCell
  • Nova
  • NSN
  • nTelos
  • nTelos Wireless
  • NTT DoCoMo
  • Nuage Networks (Alcatel-Lucent)
  • O2 Secure Wireless
  • Octasic
  • Oi
  • Omantel
  • Omnitel
  • On Telecomunicacoes
  • ONE
  • Ooredoo
  • Open Mobile
  • Optimus
  • Optiway
  • Optus
  • Orange Armenia
  • Orange Austria
  • Orange Dominicana
  • Orange France
  • Orange Liechtenstein
  • Orange Luxembourg
  • Orange Mauritius
  • Orange Moldova
  • Orange Romania
  • Orange Slovak Republic
  • Orange Spain
  • Orange Switzerland
  • Orange Uganda
  • Orckit Corrigent
  • Osnova Telecom
  • Overture
  • P&T
  • P1 Networks
  • P4 (Play)
  • Pandetel
  • Panhandle Telephone Co-op
  • PCCW
  • Peoples Telephone Co-op
  • Personal
  • Pioneer Cellular
  • Plexxi
  • Polkomtel Plus
  • Positron-Aktino
  • Powerwave Technologies
  • Poznan University of Technology
  • Proxim
  • PTK Centertel (Orange)
  • Public Service Wireless
  • Public Wireless
  • PureWave Networks
  • PVT
  • Qualcomm
  • QuCell
  • Quortus
  • RAD Data Systems
  • Radisys
  • RADWIN
  • Rakon
  • RCS & RDS
  • Redline Communications
  • REDtone
  • Reliance
  • Reverb Networks
  • RF Window
  • RFNet
  • RFS (Radio Frequency Systems)
  • Rogers Wireless
  • Rostelecom
  • Ro-Timak Technology
  • Ruckus Wireless
  • RusViet Telecom
  • RWTH Aachen
  • S and R Communications
  • S&T Telephone Cooperative
  • Safaricom
  • Sagebrush Cellular (Nemont)
  • Sagem
  • Sagemcom
  • SAI
  • SAI Technology
  • Saima Telecom
  • Samsung
  • Sasktel
  • Sazz
  • Sercom
  • SerComm
  • SFR
  • SGRITA
  • Shentel
  • Shyam
  • Shyam Networks
  • Si.mobil
  • SIAE Microelectronics
  • Siemens
  • Siklu
  • Siminn
  • SingTel
  • SK Telecom
  • SK Telesys
  • Sky Brazil
  • Smart Communications
  • Smartone
  • SMARTS
  • Smile
  • Smoltelecom
  • Softbank
  • Softbank Mobile
  • SOLiD Technologies
  • Spectranet
  • SpeedConnect
  • SpiderCloud Wireless
  • Sprint
  • Sprint Nextel
  • Sprocket Wireless
  • SRT Communications
  • SSTL
  • Star Microwave
  • Starcomms
  • StarHub
  • STC
  • Stoke
  • Strata Networks
  • Strix Systems
  • Sub10 Systems
  • Sunrise Communications
  • Surfline Communications
  • SWIFT Networks
  • Swisscom
  • Sycamore
  • Syringa Wireless
  • T Mobile
  • Tango
  • Tango Networks
  • Taqua
  • Tarana Wireless
  • Tata Elxsi
  • TDC
  • TE Connectivity (Tyco Electronics Connectivity)
  • Tecom
  • TEKTELIC
  • Telcel
  • Telco Systems
  • Tele2
  • Tele2 Kazakhstan
  • Tele2 Sweden
  • Telecom Italia Mobile (TIM)
  • Telecom Malaysia
  • Telecom New Zealand
  • Telefonica Movistar
  • Telefonica O2
  • Telefonica O2 Ireland
  • Telefonica O2 UK
  • Telefonica Peru
  • Telefonica Spain
  • Telekom Srpske
  • Telenet Belgium
  • Telenor Denmark
  • Telenor Hungary
  • Telenor Montenegro
  • Telenor Norway
  • Telenor Sweden
  • Telesis
  • TeliaSonera
  • TeliaSonera Norway
  • TeliaSonera Sweden
  • Telkom Mobile (8ta)
  • Telkomsel Indonesia
  • Tellabs
  • Telrad
  • Telstra
  • Telus
  • Texas Energy Network
  • Texas Instruments
  • TFL
  • Thomson
  • T-Hrvatski Telekom
  • Thumb Cellular
  • Tigo
  • Tikona
  • TIM Brasil
  • TMC
  • TMN (Portugal Telecom)
  • T-Mobile Czech Republic
  • T-Mobile Hungary
  • T-Mobile Macedonia
  • T-Mobile Netherlands
  • T-Mobile Puerto Rico
  • T-Mobile Slovensko
  • T-Mobile USA
  • TN Mobile
  • TOT Thailand
  • TPG Internet
  • TP-Link
  • TRaC Global
  • Trango Systems
  • Transmode
  • Tranzeo
  • Triatel
  • Tricom
  • Tropos
  • True Move
  • TSKL
  • TTK
  • Tunisiana
  • Turkcell
  • U Mobile
  • UbeeAirWalk
  • Ubidyne GmBH
  • Ubiquisys
  • Ubiquiti Networks
  • u-blox
  • UCell
  • UK Broadband
  • Ulusnet
  • Umniah
  • Une-EPM
  • United Nations
  • United Wireless
  • Unitel
  • Universitaet Bremen
  • Universitat Politècnica de València
  • University of Kaiserslautern
  • University of Oulu
  • US Cellular
  • UTStarcom (Star Solutions)
  • Vainakh Telecom
  • VDC (VNPT)
  • Velatel
  • Velatel-Aerostrong
  • Verizon Wireless
  • Videocon
  • Videotron
  • Viettel
  • Vimpelcom
  • VIP mobile
  • VIPNet
  • Visafone Communications
  • Viva
  • Vivacell-MTS
  • Vivato
  • Vivo
  • VMWare
  • Vodacom
  • Vodacom Tanzania
  • Vodafone
  • Vodafone Australia
  • Vodafone Czech Republic
  • Vodafone Egypt
  • Vodafone Fiji
  • Vodafone Greece
  • Vodafone Ireland
  • Vodafone Italy
  • Vodafone New Zealand
  • Vodafone Portugal
  • Vodafone Qatar
  • Vodafone Romania
  • Vodafone Spain
  • Vodafone UK
  • Vox
  • VTel Wireless
  • Vubiq
  • Wataniya
  • Wataniya Telecom
  • WBS (iBurst)
  • West Central Wireless
  • Wi-Ex
  • Wi-Fi Alliance
  • Wilson Electronics
  • Wind
  • Wind Mobile
  • Wireless Broadband Alliance
  • Wistron NeWeb Corp (WNC)
  • Woosh
  • Xilinx
  • XL Axiata
  • Xplornet
  • Yoigo
  • Yota
  • YTL Communications Yes
  • Zain
  • Zain Jordan
  • Zain Saudi
  • Zamtel
  • Zhone
  • Ziggo
  • Zinwave
  • Zoda Fones
  • ZTE

Countries Covered

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua & Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Cocos Islands
  • Colombia
  • Comoros Islands
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic Rep of Congo (ex-Zaire)
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • East Timor
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Federated States of Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia (ex-Tahiti)
  • French West Indies
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea Republic
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kirghizstan
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Macedonia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • North Korea
  • Northern Marianas
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Samoa (American)
  • Sao Tomé & Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • St Kitts & Nevis
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent & The Grenadines
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Tajikistan
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks & Caicos Islands
  • UAE
  • Uganda
  • UK
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • US Virgin Islands
  • USA
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

The Wireless Network Infrastructure Bible: 2014 – 2020 - Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, RRH, DAS, Cloud RAN, Carrier WiFi, Mobile Core & Backhaul

Table of Contents  

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 29
1.1 Executive Summary 29
1.2 Topics Covered 31
1.3 Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation 32
1.4 Key Questions Answered 33
1.5 Key Findings 35
1.6 Methodology 37
1.7 Target Audience 38
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 39

2 Chapter 2: An Overview of Wireless Network Infrastructure 47
2.1 What is the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market? 47
2.2 2G: GSM & CDMA 48
2.2.1 2G Trends & Developments 50
2.2.2 2G Market Summary 50
2.3 3G: W-CDMA, TD-SCDMA & CDMA2000 52
2.3.1 3G Trends & Developments 53
2.3.2 3G Market Summary 54
2.4 4G: LTE, LTE-A & WiMAX 56
2.4.1 4G Trends & Developments 56
2.4.2 4G Market Summary 57
2.5 Macrocell RAN Market For 2G/3G/4G 59
2.5.1 Macrocell RAN Trends & Developments 60
2.6 HetNet RAN Market For 2G/3G/4G 61
2.6.1 HetNet RAN Trends & Developments 62
2.6.2 Small Cells 62
2.6.3 DAS 62
2.6.4 Cloud RAN 62
2.6.5 Carrier WiFi 63
2.7 Mobile Core 64
2.7.1 Mobile Core Trends & Developments 64
2.8 Mobile Backhaul 67
2.8.1 Mobile Backhaul Trends & Developments 68

3 Chapter 3: Market Drivers, Barriers & Risks 69
3.1 Market Drivers 69
3.1.1 Mobile Subscriptions Growth 69
3.1.1.1 Asia Pacific 71
3.1.1.2 Eastern Europe 72
3.1.1.3 Latin & Central America 73
3.1.1.4 Middle East & Africa 74
3.1.1.5 North America 75
3.1.1.6 Western Europe 76
3.1.2 Smartphone & Tablet Proliferation 77
3.1.3 Growing Penetration of Mobile Broadband 78
3.1.4 Mobile Data Traffic Growth 80
3.1.5 Interest From Vertical Markets 82
3.1.6 Reducing the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) 83
3.1.7 Replacement of TDM with Ethernet: Continued Growth in Backhaul 84
3.1.8 Advances in Spectrum Flexibility & Carrier Aggregation: Driving HetNet Deployments 85
3.1.9 Strategic Choice For CDMA & WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem 85
3.1.10 Address 2G/3G Network Congestion 86
3.1.11 Bringing Broadband to the Masses 86
3.1.12 Trend Summary: Which Segments of the Wireless Infrastructure Market Will Witness Growth? 86
3.2 Barriers & Risks 87
3.2.1 Cap Ex Commitments 87
3.2.2 Spectrum Scarcity 87
3.2.3 RAN Sharing: A Concept Embraced by Operators 87
3.2.4 Operators Are Finding Innovative Ways to Address Capacity Issues 88
3.2.5 Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Threats 88
3.2.6 Country Specific Risks 89
3.3 Key Strategic Options For Operators 90
3.4 Business Case For Investments in New and Existing Technologies 90
3.4.1 Gain Operational Efficiencies Through Strategic Investments 90
3.4.2 Invest in Capacity For Increased Revenue Opportunities 91
3.4.3 Deliver Best User Experience 91
3.4.4 Reduce Competitive Threats 91
3.4.5 Reserve Network Capacity the M2M Opportunities 92
3.4.6 Increase Customer Satisfaction 92
3.4.7 Capitalize on Differentiation Strategies 92
3.4.8 Evolve towards the Next Generation 93

4 Chapter 4: Mobile Network Cap Ex Review 94
4.1 Global Mobile Network Cap Ex 94
4.2 Regional Split 95
4.3 Top 10 Operators 96
4.3.1 China Mobile 97
4.3.2 China Unicom 97
4.3.3 AT&T Mobility 98
4.3.4 Verizon Wireless 98
4.3.5 NTT DoCoMo 99
4.3.6 Soft Bank 99
4.3.7 Sprint 100
4.3.8 KDDI 100
4.3.9 T-Mobile USA 101
4.3.10 SK Telecom 101
4.4 Asia Pacific Mobile Network Cap Ex 102
4.5 Eastern Europe Mobile Network Cap Ex 103
4.6 Latin & Central America Mobile Network Cap Ex 104
4.7 Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Cap Ex 105
4.8 North America Mobile Network Cap Ex 106
4.9 Western Europe Mobile Network Cap Ex 107

5 Chapter 5: Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue Review 108
5.1 Global Mobile Network Subscriptions 108
5.2 Global Mobile Network Service Revenue 109
5.3 Segmentation by Technology 110
5.3.1 Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology 110
5.3.2 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology 111
5.4 GSM Subscriptions & Service Revenue 112
5.5 iDEN Subscriptions & Service Revenue 113
5.6 CDMA Subscriptions & Service Revenue 114
5.7 W-CDMA/HSPA Subscriptions & Service Revenue 115
5.8 TD-SCDMA Subscriptions & Service Revenue 116
5.9FDD LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 117
5.1 TD-LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 118
5.11 WiMAX Subscriptions & Service Revenue 119
5.12 Regional Split 120
5.12.1 Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region 120
5.12.2 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region 121
5.13 Service Split 122
5.13.1 Mobile Network Service Revenue by Service Type 122
5.13.2 Voice Service Revenue 123
5.13.3 SMS/MMS Service Revenue 123
5.13.4 Mobile Broadband Service Revenue 124
5.14 Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 125
5.15 Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 126
5.16 Latin & Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 127
5.17 Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 128
5.18 North America Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 129
5.19 Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue 130

6 Chapter 6: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 131
6.1 Industry Roadmap 131
6.1.1 Initial LTEFDD Rollouts: 2010 - 2011 131
6.1.2 Rise of the HetNet Ecosystem: 2012 - 2013 132
6.1.3 A Wave of TD-LTE Deployments: 2014 - 2016 132
6.1.4 Moving Towards “Software Centric” Networking: 2017 - 2019 133
6.1.5 Start of the 5G Era: 2020 & Beyond 133
6.2 Value Chain 134
6.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 134
6.3.1 Chipset Developers 134
6.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 134
6.4 RAN Ecosystem 137
6.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 137
6.4.2 ‘Pure-Play’ and Specialist Small Cell OEMs 138
6.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs 139
6.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 140
6.4.5 Cloud RAN Solution Providers 141
6.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers 142
6.5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem 143
6.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers 143
6.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 144
6.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure & Software Providers 144
6.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 145
6.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers 145
6.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers 147
6.7.3 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Providers 147
6.8 SON Ecosystem 148
6.8.1 SON Solution Providers 148
6.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 149
6.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 149

7 Chapter 7: Expert Opinion – Interview Transcripts 150
7.1 Ericsson 150
7.2 Nokia Solutions & Networks (NSN) 154

8 Chapter 8: Vendor Landscape 159
8.1 Alcatel-Lucent 159
8.1.1 Portfolio 159
8.1.2 Strategy 160
8.1.3 Market Momentum 160
8.2 Cisco 161
8.2.1 Portfolio 161
8.2.2 Strategy 161
8.2.3 Market Momentum 162
8.3 Ericsson 163
8.3.1 Portfolio 163
8.3.2 Strategy 164
8.3.3 Market Momentum 165
8.4 Huawei 166
8.4.1 Portfolio 166
8.4.2 Strategy 167
8.4.3 Market Momentum 167
8.5 Nokia Solutions & Networks (NSN) 168
8.5.1 Portfolio 168
8.5.2 Strategy 168
8.5.3 Market Momentum 169
8.6 Samsung 170
8.6.1 Portfolio 170
8.6.2 Strategy 171
8.6.3 Market Momentum 171
8.7 ZTE 172
8.7.1 Portfolio 172
8.7.2 Strategy 172
8.7.3 Market Momentum 172
8.8 Vendor Outlook 173
8.8.1 Pricing 173
8.8.2 Portfolio Diversification 173
8.9 Vendor Ranking 174
8.9.1 Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core 174
8.9.2 Small Cell RAN 177
8.9.3 Carrier WiFi 177
8.9.4 Mobile Backhaul 178

9 Chapter 9: Global Market Analysis & Forecasts 179
9.1 Market Definition 179
9.2 Decomposing the Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 179
9.3 Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core 182
9.3.1 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue 183
9.3.2 Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue by Region 184
9.4 Macrocell RAN Submarket 185
9.4.1 Macrocell RAN Revenue 185
9.4.2 Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments 186
9.4.3 Segmentation by Infrastructure Component 187
9.4.4 Segmentation by Region 188
9.4.5 Segmentation by Technology 189
9.4.6 Base Station Segmentation by Region 190
9.4.7 Base Station Segmentation by Technology 191
9.4.8 GSM Base Station Shipments & Revenue 192
9.4.9 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Station Shipments & Revenue 193
9.4.10 TD-SCDMA Base Station Shipments & Revenue 194
9.4.11 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Station Shipments & Revenue 195
9.4.12 LTEFDD Base Station Shipments & Revenue 196
9.4.13 TD-LTE Base Station Shipments & Revenue 197
9.4.14 WiMAX Base Station Shipments & Revenue 198
9.4.15 Base Station Controller Segmentation by Region 199
9.4.16 Base Station Controller Segmentation by Technology 199
9.4.17 GSM Base Station Controller Revenue 200
9.4.18 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue 200
9.4.19 TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 201
9.4.20 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 201
9.5 Mobile Core Submarket 202
9.5.1 Segmentation by Region 203
9.5.2 Segmentation by Technology 203
9.5.3 3G Packet Core Submarket 204
9.5.4 WiMAX ASN & CSN Submarket 205
9.5.5 EPC Submarket 206
9.6 Home Location Register (HLR) Submarket 207
9.6.1 Segmentation by Region 208
9.7 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) Submarket 209
9.7.1 Segmentation by Region 210
9.7.2 Segmentation by Submarket 210
9.7.3 Mobile Switching Center 211
9.7.4 Mobile Soft Switch 211
9.8 Small Cell RAN Submarket 212
9.8.1 Small Cell Revenue 212
9.8.2 Small Cell Unit Shipments 213
9.8.3 Segmentation by Region 214
9.8.4 Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 215
9.8.5 GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 216
9.8.6 CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 217
9.8.7 LTEFDD Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 218
9.8.8 TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 219
9.8.9 WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments & Revenue 220
9.8.10 Segmentation by Cell Size 221
9.8.11 Microcell Unit Shipments & Revenue 222
9.8.12 Picocell Unit Shipments & Revenue 223
9.8.13Femtocell Unit Shipments & Revenue 224
9.9 Carrier WiFi Submarket 225
9.9.1 Carrier WiFi Revenue 225
9.9.2 Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments 226
9.9.3 Segmentation by Region 227
9.9.4 Segmentation by Equipment Type 228
9.9.5 Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 229
9.9.6 Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments & Revenue 230
9.9.7 Segmentation by Integration Approach 231
9.9.8 Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 232
9.9.9 Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments & Revenue 233
9.1 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Submarket 234
9.10.1 Segmentation by Region 235
9.11 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Submarket 236
9.11.1 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Revenue 236
9.11.2 Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments 237
9.11.3 Segmentation by Region 238
9.12 Macrocell Backhaul Submarket 239
9.12.1 Segmentation by Region 240
9.12.2 Segmentation by Technology 241
9.12.3 ATM 242
9.12.4 Coaxial Cable 242
9.12.5 DSL 243
9.12.6 Ethernet over Copper 243
9.12.7 Ethernet over Fiber 244
9.12.8 Microwave Radio 244
9.12.9 PDH 245
9.12.10 PON 245
9.12.11 Satellite 246
9.12.12 SONET, SDH & WDM 246
9.12.13 WiMAX 247
9.13 Small Cell Backhaul Submarket 248
9.13.1 Segmentation by Region 249
9.13.2 Segmentation by Technology 250
9.13.3 Ethernet over Copper 251
9.13.4 Ethernet over Fiber 251
9.13.5 DSL 252
9.13.6 NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz) 252
9.13.7 PTP Microwave (6-60 GHz) 253
9.13.8 PTMP Microwave (6-60 GHz) 253
9.13.9 Millimeter Wave (unlicensed 60 GHz) 254
9.13.10 Millimeter Wave (licensed 71-76, 81-86 GHz) 254
9.13.11 Satellite 255

10 Chapter 10: Regional Market Analysis &Forecasts 256
10.1 Asia Pacific 256
10.1.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 256
10.1.2 Macrocell RAN 257
10.1.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 258
10.1.4 GSM Base Stations 259
10.1.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 260
10.1.6 TD-SCDMA Base Stations 261
10.1.7 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 262
10.1.8 LTEFDD Base Stations 263
10.1.9 TD-LTE Base Stations 264
10.1.10 WiMAX Base Stations 265
10.1.11 Base Station Controller 266
10.1.12 GSM Base Station Controller 266
10.1.13 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 267
10.1.14 TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 267
10.1.15 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 268
10.1.16 Mobile Core 269
10.1.17 3G Packet Core 269
10.1.18 WiMAX ASN & CSN 270
10.1.19 EPC 270
10.1.20 Home Location Register (HLR) 271
10.1.21 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 271
10.1.22 Small Cell RAN 272
10.1.23 Carrier WiFi 273
10.1.24 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 274
10.1.25 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 275
10.1.26 Macrocell Backhaul 276
10.1.27 Small Cell Backhaul 276
10.2 Eastern Europe 277
10.2.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 277
10.2.2 Macrocell RAN 278
10.2.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 279
10.2.4 GSM Base Stations 280
10.2.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 281
10.2.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 282
10.2.7 LTEFDD Base Stations 283
10.2.8 TD-LTE Base Stations 284
10.2.9 WiMAX Base Stations 285
10.2.10 Base Station Controller 286
10.2.11 GSM Base Station Controller 286
10.2.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 287
10.2.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 287
10.2.14 Mobile Core 288
10.2.15 3G Packet Core 288
10.2.16 WiMAX ASN & CSN 289
10.2.17 EPC 289
10.2.18 Home Location Register (HLR) 290
10.2.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 290
10.2.20 Small Cell RAN 291
10.2.21 Carrier WiFi 292
10.2.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 293
10.2.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 294
10.2.24 Macrocell Backhaul 295
10.2.25 Small Cell Backhaul 295
10.3 Latin & Central America 296
10.3.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 296
10.3.2 Macrocell RAN 297
10.3.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 298
10.3.4 GSM Base Stations 299
10.3.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 300
10.3.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 301
10.3.7 LTEFDD Base Stations 302
10.3.8 TD-LTE Base Stations 303
10.3.9 WiMAX Base Stations 304
10.3.10 Base Station Controller 305
10.3.11 GSM Base Station Controller 305
10.3.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 306
10.3.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 306
10.3.14 Mobile Core 307
10.3.15 3G Packet Core 307
10.3.16 WiMAX ASN & CSN 308
10.3.17 EPC 308
10.3.18 Home Location Register (HLR) 309
10.3.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 309
10.3.20 Small Cell RAN 310
10.3.21 Carrier WiFi 311
10.3.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 312
10.3.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 313
10.3.24 Macrocell Backhaul 314
10.3.25 Small Cell Backhaul 314
10.4 Middle East & Africa 315
10.4.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 315
10.4.2 Macrocell RAN 316
10.4.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 317
10.4.4 GSM Base Stations 318
10.4.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 319
10.4.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 320
10.4.7 LTEFDD Base Stations 321
10.4.8 TD-LTE Base Stations 322
10.4.9 WiMAX Base Stations 323
10.4.10 Base Station Controller 324
10.4.11 GSM Base Station Controller 324
10.4.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 325
10.4.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 325
10.4.14 Mobile Core 326
10.4.15 3G Packet Core 326
10.4.16 WiMAX ASN & CSN 327
10.4.17 EPC 327
10.4.18 Home Location Register (HLR) 328
10.4.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 328
10.4.20 Small Cell RAN 329
10.4.21 Carrier WiFi 330
10.4.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 331
10.4.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 332
10.4.24 Macrocell Backhaul 333
10.4.25 Small Cell Backhaul 333
10.5 North America 334
10.5.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 334
10.5.2 Macrocell RAN 335
10.5.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 336
10.5.4 GSM Base Stations 337
10.5.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 338
10.5.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 339
10.5.7 LTEFDD Base Stations 340
10.5.8 TD-LTE Base Stations 341
10.5.9 WiMAX Base Stations 342
10.5.10 Base Station Controller 343
10.5.11 GSM Base Station Controller 343
10.5.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 344
10.5.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 344
10.5.14 Mobile Core 345
10.5.15 3G Packet Core 345
10.5.16 WiMAX ASN & CSN 346
10.5.17 EPC 346
10.5.18 Home Location Register (HLR) 347
10.5.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 347
10.5.20 Small Cell RAN 348
10.5.21 Carrier WiFi 349
10.5.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 350
10.5.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 351
10.5.24 Macrocell Backhaul 352
10.5.25 Small Cell Backhaul 352
10.6 Western Europe 353
10.6.1 Macrocell RAN and Mobile Core 353
10.6.2 Macrocell RAN 354
10.6.3 Macrocell RAN Base Stations 355
10.6.4 GSM Base Stations 356
10.6.5 CDMA2000/EV-DO Base Stations 357
10.6.6 W-CDMA/HSPA Base Stations 358
10.6.7 LTEFDD Base Stations 359
10.6.8 TD-LTE Base Stations 360
10.6.9 WiMAX Base Stations 361
10.6.10 Base Station Controller 362
10.6.11 GSM Base Station Controller 362
10.6.12 CDMA2000 Base Station Controller 363
10.6.13 W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue 363
10.6.14 Mobile Core 364
10.6.15 3G Packet Core 364
10.6.16 WiMAX ASN & CSN 365
10.6.17 EPC 365
10.6.18 Home Location Register (HLR) 366
10.6.19 Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) 366
10.6.20 Small Cell RAN 367
10.6.21 Carrier WiFi 368
10.6.22 Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) 369
10.6.23 Remote Radio Head (RRH) 370
10.6.24 Macrocell Backhaul 371
10.6.25 Small Cell Backhaul 371

11 Chapter 11: Prospects of the 5G Market 372
11.1 5G Standardization and Research Initiatives 372
11.1.1 METIS 372
11.1.2 5GPP 373
11.1.3 Korea’s 5GForum 374
11.1.4 Japan’s ARIB 2020 and Beyond AdHoc 374
11.1.5 China’s IMT 2020 374
11.2 How much is being Invested in 5G R&D? 375
11.3 5G Requirements 376
11.4 Vertical Industries to Play a Key Role 376
11.5 SDN Capabilities Considered Inherit For 5G 377
11.6 Spectrum Aggregation is a Necessity 377
11.7 Authorized Shared Access (ASA) 377
11.8 Will 5G be a New Air Interface? 378
11.9 5G Demonstrations 378
11.9.1 Samsung 378
11.9.2 NSN 378
11.9.3 Huawei 379

12 Chapter 12: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 380
12.1 Enterprise RAN Deployments Gain Traction 380
12.2 Is Mobile Network Virtualization a Threat to the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market? 381
12.3 Wireless Incumbents Could Face Cloud Rivals: Thanks to SDN & NFV 382
12.4 Spectrum: Driving Continued Acquisitions by Incumbent Operators 382
12.5 LTE-A: Upgrades For Capacity & Coverage Boosts 383
12.6 China’s TDD Spectrum Allocation: Starting an Era of Large-Scale TD-LTE Deployments 383
12.7 Smart Cities: Wireless Infrastructure Vendors to Lead the Way 384
12.8 Standardization Driving RAN & WiFi Integration 384
12.9 Vendors Bringing LTE-Broadcast into Focus 385
12.1 Vendor Specific HetNet Offerings: Disrupting Traditional Network Architectures 386
12.11 Operators Will Strive For Agility 386
12.12 SWOT Analysis 387
12.13 Strategic Recommendations 388
12.13.1 Recommendations For Operators 388
12.13.2 Recommendations For Infrastructure Vendors 390

List of Figures

Figure 1: Subsegments of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 47
Figure 2: Global GSM Networks: 1991 - 2014 49
Figure 3: Global GSM Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 49
Figure 4: Global W-CDMA & HSPA Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 53
Figure 5: Global W-CDMA & HSPA Subscriptions (%): 2014 54
Figure 6: Global LTE Commercial Network Launches: 2009 - 2014 57
Figure 7: Macrocell RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 59
Figure 8: HetNet RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 61
Figure 9: Global Voice over LTE (VoLTE) User Forecast: 2013 – 2020 (Millions) 66
Figure 10: Mobile Backhaul Segmentation by Technology 67
Figure 11: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 69
Figure 12: LTE Penetration by Region: 2010 – 2020 (%) 70
Figure 13: LTE Penetration in Asia Pacific: 2010 – 2020 (%) 71
Figure 14: LTE Penetration in Eastern Europe: 2010 – 2020 (%) 72
Figure 15: LTE Penetration in Latin & Central America: 2010 – 2020 (%) 73
Figure 16: LTE Penetration in Middle East & Africa: 2010 – 2020 (%) 74
Figure 17: LTE Penetration in North America: 2010 – 2020 (%) 75
Figure 18: LTE Penetration in Western Europe: 2010 – 2020 (%) 76
Figure 19: Global Smartphone & Tablet Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Millions of Units) 77
Figure 20: Global Smartphone vs.Feature & Basic Phone Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Millions of Units) 78
Figure 21: Global Mobile Broadband & Voice Service Revenue Compared: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 79
Figure 22: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes) 80
Figure 23: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Type: 2010 – 2020 (Exabytes) 81
Figure 24: Private Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 82
Figure 25: Average Annual Traffic & Revenue Growth Compared For a Tier 1 Operator: 2010 – 2014 (%) 83
Figure 26: TCO Comparison For 2G, 3G, LTE and HetNet Deployments ($ per GB) 84
Figure 27: Strategic Options For Operators 90
Figure 28: Global Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 94
Figure 29: Mobile Network Cap Ex by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 95
Figure 30: Mobile Network Cap Ex For Top 10 Operators ($ Billion) 96
Figure 31: China Mobile Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 97
Figure 32: China Unicom Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 97
Figure 33: AT&T Mobility Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 98
Figure 34: Verizon Wireless Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 98
Figure 35: NTT DoCoMo Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 99
Figure 36: Soft Bank Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 99
Figure 37: Sprint Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 100
Figure 38: KDDI Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 100
Figure 39: T-Mobile USA Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 101
Figure 40: SK Telecom Cap Ex Commitments ($ Billion) 101
Figure 41: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 102
Figure 42: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 103
Figure 43: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 104
Figure 44: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 105
Figure 45: North America Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 106
Figure 46: Western Europe Mobile Network Cap Ex: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 107
Figure 47: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 108
Figure 48: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 109
Figure 49: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 110
Figure 50: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 111
Figure 51: GSM Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 112
Figure 52: GSM Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 112
Figure 53: iDEN Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 113
Figure 54: iDEN Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 113
Figure 55: CDMA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 114
Figure 56: CDMA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 114
Figure 57: W-CDMA/HSPA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 115
Figure 58: W-CDMA/HSPA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 115
Figure 59: TD-SCDMA Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 116
Figure 60: TD-SCDMA Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 116
Figure 61:FDD LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 117
Figure 62:FDD LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 117
Figure 63: TD-LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 118
Figure 64: TD-LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 118
Figure 65: WiMAX Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 119
Figure 66: WiMAX Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 119
Figure 67: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 120
Figure 68: Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 121
Figure 69: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Service Type: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 122
Figure 70: Mobile Network Voice Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 123
Figure 71: Mobile Network SMS/MMS Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 123
Figure 72: Mobile Network Broadband Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 124
Figure 73: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 125
Figure 74: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 125
Figure 75: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 126
Figure 76: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 126
Figure 77: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 127
Figure 78: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 127
Figure 79: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 128
Figure 80: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 128
Figure 81: North America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 129
Figure 82: North America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 129
Figure 83: Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2010 – 2020 (Millions) 130
Figure 84: Western Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Billion) 130
Figure 85: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2014 - 2020 131
Figure 86: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 135
Figure 87: Embedded Technology Ecosystem Players 136
Figure 88: Macrocell RAN Ecosystem Players 137
Figure 89: Specialist Small Cell RAN Ecosystem Players 138
Figure 90: Carrier WiFi Ecosystem Players 139
Figure 91: DAS & Repeater Ecosystem Players 140
Figure 92: Cloud RAN Ecosystem Players 141
Figure 93: Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem Players 143
Figure 94: Mobile Core Ecosystem Players 144
Figure 95: List of LTE Trials & Deployments 146
Figure 96: SON Ecosystem Players 148
Figure 97: SDN & NFV Ecosystem Players 149
Figure 98: Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 174
Figure 99: Mobile Core Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 175
Figure 100: LTE Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 175
Figure 101: WiMAX Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 176
Figure 102: 2G & 3G Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 176
Figure 103: Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 177
Figure 104: Carrier WiFi Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 177
Figure 105: Mobile Backhaul Infrastructure Vendor Share: 2013 (%) 178
Figure 106: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 180
Figure 107: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2014 (%) 181
Figure 108: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2020 (%) 181
Figure 109: Global Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 182
Figure 110: Global 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 183
Figure 111: Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 184
Figure 112: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 185
Figure 113: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 – 2020 186
Figure 114: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue by Infrastructure Component: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 187
Figure 115: Macrocell RAN Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 188
Figure 116: Global Macrocell RAN Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 189
Figure 117: Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 190
Figure 118: Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 190
Figure 119: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments by Technology: 2010 - 2020 191
Figure 120: Global Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 191
Figure 121: GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 192
Figure 122: GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 192
Figure 123: CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 193
Figure 124: CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 193
Figure 125: TD-SCDMA Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 194
Figure 126: TD-SCDMA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 194
Figure 127: W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 195
Figure 128: W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 195
Figure 129: LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 196
Figure 130: LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 196
Figure 131: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 197
Figure 132: TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 197
Figure 133: WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 198
Figure 134: WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 198
Figure 135: Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 199
Figure 136: Global Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 199
Figure 137: GSM Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 200
Figure 138: CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 200
Figure 139: TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 201
Figure 140: W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 201
Figure 141: Global Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 202
Figure 142: Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 203
Figure 143: Global Mobile Core Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 203
Figure 144: Global 3G Packet Core Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 204
Figure 145: 3G Packet Core Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 204
Figure 146: Global WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 205
Figure 147: WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 205
Figure 148: EPC Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 206
Figure 149: Global Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 207
Figure 150: Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 208
Figure 151: Global Mobile Switching Subsystem (MSS) Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 209
Figure 152: Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 210
Figure 153: Global Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 210
Figure 154: Global Mobile Switching Center Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 211
Figure 155: Global Mobile Soft Switch Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 211
Figure 156: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 212
Figure 157: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 213
Figure 158: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 214
Figure 159: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 214
Figure 160: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 215
Figure 161: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 215
Figure 162: Global GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 216
Figure 163: Global GSM/W-CDMA/HSPA Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 216
Figure 164: Global CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 217
Figure 165: Global CDMA2000/EV-DO Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 217
Figure 166: Global LTEFDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 218
Figure 167: Global LTEFDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 218
Figure 168: Global TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 219
Figure 169: Global TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 219
Figure 170: Global WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 220
Figure 171: Global WiMAX Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 220
Figure 172: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Cell Size: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 221
Figure 173: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Cell Size: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 221
Figure 174: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 222
Figure 175: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 222
Figure 176: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 223
Figure 177: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 223
Figure 178: GlobalFemtocell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 224
Figure 179: GlobalFemtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 224
Figure 180: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 225
Figure 181: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 226
Figure 182: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 227
Figure 183: Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 227
Figure 184: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments by Equipment Type: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 228
Figure 185: Global Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue by Equipment Type: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 228
Figure 186: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 229
Figure 187: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 229
Figure 188: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 230
Figure 189: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 230
Figure 190: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 231
Figure 191: Global Carrier WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 231
Figure 192: Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 232
Figure 193: Global Managed WiFi Offload Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 232
Figure 194: Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 233
Figure 195: Global Unmanaged ‘Open Access’ WiFi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 233
Figure 196: Global Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 234
Figure 197: Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 235
Figure 198: Global Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 236
Figure 199: Global Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 237
Figure 200: Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 238
Figure 201: Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 238
Figure 202: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 239
Figure 203: Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 240
Figure 204: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 241
Figure 205: Global ATM Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 242
Figure 206: Global Coaxial Cable Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 242
Figure 207: Global DSL Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 243
Figure 208: Global Ethernet over Copper Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 243
Figure 209: Global Ethernet overFiber Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 244
Figure 210: Global Microwave Radio Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 244
Figure 211: Global PDH Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 245
Figure 212: Global PON Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 245
Figure 213: Global Satellite Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 246
Figure 214: Global SONET, SDH & WDM Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 246
Figure 215: Global WiMAX Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 247
Figure 216: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 248
Figure 217: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 249
Figure 218: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 250
Figure 219: Global Ethernet over Copper Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 251
Figure 220: Global Ethernet overFiber Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 251
Figure 221: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 252
Figure 222: Global NLOS Microwave (Below 6 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 252
Figure 223: Global PTP Microwave (6-60 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 253
Figure 224: Global PTMP Microwave (6-60 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 253
Figure 225: Global Millimeter Wave (unlicensed 60 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 254
Figure 226: Global Millimeter Wave (licensed 71-76, 81-86 GHz) Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 254
Figure 227: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 255
Figure 228: Asia Pacific Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 256
Figure 229: Asia Pacific 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 257
Figure 230: Asia Pacific Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 257
Figure 231: Asia Pacific Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 258
Figure 232: Asia Pacific Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 258
Figure 233: Asia Pacific GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 259
Figure 234: Asia Pacific GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 259
Figure 235: Asia Pacific CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 260
Figure 236: Asia Pacific CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 260
Figure 237: Asia Pacific TD-SCDMA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 261
Figure 238: Asia Pacific TD-SCDMA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 261
Figure 239: Asia Pacific W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 262
Figure 240: Asia Pacific W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 262
Figure 241: Asia Pacific LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 263
Figure 242: Asia Pacific LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 263
Figure 243: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 264
Figure 244: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 264
Figure 245: Asia Pacific WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 265
Figure 246: Asia Pacific WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 265
Figure 247: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 266
Figure 248: Asia Pacific GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 266
Figure 249: Asia Pacific CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 267
Figure 250: Asia Pacific TD-SCDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 267
Figure 251: Asia Pacific W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 268
Figure 252: Asia Pacific Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 269
Figure 253: Asia Pacific 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 269
Figure 254: Asia Pacific WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 270
Figure 255: Asia Pacific EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 270
Figure 256: Asia Pacific Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 271
Figure 257: Asia Pacific Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 271
Figure 258: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 272
Figure 259: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 272
Figure 260: Asia Pacific Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 273
Figure 261: Asia Pacific Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 273
Figure 262: Asia Pacific Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 274
Figure 263: Asia Pacific Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 275
Figure 264: Asia Pacific Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 275
Figure 265: Asia Pacific Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 276
Figure 266: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 276
Figure 267: Eastern Europe Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 277
Figure 268: Eastern Europe 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 278
Figure 269: Eastern Europe Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 278
Figure 270: Eastern Europe Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 279
Figure 271: Eastern Europe Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 279
Figure 272: Eastern Europe GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 280
Figure 273: Eastern Europe GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 280
Figure 274: Eastern Europe CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 281
Figure 275: Eastern Europe CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 281
Figure 276: Eastern Europe W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 282
Figure 277: Eastern Europe W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 282
Figure 278: Eastern Europe LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 283
Figure 279: Eastern Europe LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 283
Figure 280: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 284
Figure 281: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 284
Figure 282: Eastern Europe WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 285
Figure 283: Eastern Europe WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 285
Figure 284: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 286
Figure 285: Eastern Europe GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 286
Figure 286: Eastern Europe CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 287
Figure 287: Eastern Europe W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 287
Figure 288: Eastern Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 288
Figure 289: Eastern Europe 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 288
Figure 290: Eastern Europe WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 289
Figure 291: Eastern Europe EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 289
Figure 292: Eastern Europe Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 290
Figure 293: Eastern Europe Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 290
Figure 294: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 291
Figure 295: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 291
Figure 296: Eastern Europe Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 292
Figure 297: Eastern Europe Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 292
Figure 298: Eastern Europe Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 293
Figure 299: Eastern Europe Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 294
Figure 300: Eastern Europe Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 294
Figure 301: Eastern Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 295
Figure 302: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 295
Figure 303: Latin & Central America Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 296
Figure 304: Latin & Central America 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 297
Figure 305: Latin & Central America Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 297
Figure 306: Latin & Central America Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 298
Figure 307: Latin & Central America Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 298
Figure 308: Latin & Central America GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 299
Figure 309: Latin & Central America GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 299
Figure 310: Latin & Central America CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 300
Figure 311: Latin & Central America CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 300
Figure 312: Latin & Central America W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 301
Figure 313: Latin & Central America W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 301
Figure 314: Latin & Central America LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 302
Figure 315: Latin & Central America LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 302
Figure 316: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 303
Figure 317: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 303
Figure 318: Latin & Central America WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 304
Figure 319: Latin & Central America WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 304
Figure 320: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 305
Figure 321: Latin & Central America GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 305
Figure 322: Latin & Central America CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 306
Figure 323: Latin & Central America W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 306
Figure 324: Latin & Central America Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 307
Figure 325: Latin & Central America 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 307
Figure 326: Latin & Central America WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 308
Figure 327: Latin & Central America EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 308
Figure 328: Latin & Central America Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 309
Figure 329: Latin & Central America Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 309
Figure 330: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 310
Figure 331: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 310
Figure 332: Latin & Central America Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 311
Figure 333: Latin & Central America Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 311
Figure 334: Latin & Central America Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 312
Figure 335: Latin & Central America Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 313
Figure 336: Latin & Central America Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 313
Figure 337: Latin & Central America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 314
Figure 338: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 314
Figure 339: Middle East & Africa Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 315
Figure 340: Middle East & Africa 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 316
Figure 341: Middle East & Africa Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 316
Figure 342: Middle East & Africa Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 317
Figure 343: Middle East & Africa Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 317
Figure 344: Middle East & Africa GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 318
Figure 345: Middle East & Africa GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 318
Figure 346: Middle East & Africa CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 319
Figure 347: Middle East & Africa CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 319
Figure 348: Middle East & Africa W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 320
Figure 349: Middle East & Africa W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 320
Figure 350: Middle East & Africa LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 321
Figure 351: Middle East & Africa LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 321
Figure 352: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 322
Figure 353: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 322
Figure 354: Middle East & Africa WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 323
Figure 355: Middle East & Africa WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 323
Figure 356: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 324
Figure 357: Middle East & Africa GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 324
Figure 358: Middle East & Africa CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 325
Figure 359: Middle East & Africa W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 325
Figure 360: Middle East & Africa Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 326
Figure 361: Middle East & Africa 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 326
Figure 362: Middle East & Africa WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 327
Figure 363: Middle East & Africa EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 327
Figure 364: Middle East & Africa Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 328
Figure 365: Middle East & Africa Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 328
Figure 366: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 329
Figure 367: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 329
Figure 368: Middle East & Africa Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 330
Figure 369: Middle East & Africa Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 330
Figure 370: Middle East & Africa Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 331
Figure 371: Middle East & Africa Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 332
Figure 372: Middle East & Africa Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 332
Figure 373: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 333
Figure 374: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 333
Figure 375: North America Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 334
Figure 376: North America 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 335
Figure 377: North America Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 335
Figure 378: North America Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 336
Figure 379: North America Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 336
Figure 380: North America GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 337
Figure 381: North America GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 337
Figure 382: North America CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 338
Figure 383: North America CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 338
Figure 384: North America W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 339
Figure 385: North America W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 339
Figure 386: North America LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 340
Figure 387: North America LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 340
Figure 388: North America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 341
Figure 389: North America TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 341
Figure 390: North America WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 342
Figure 391: North America WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 342
Figure 392: North America Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 343
Figure 393: North America GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 343
Figure 394: North America CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 344
Figure 395: North America W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 344
Figure 396: North America Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 345
Figure 397: North America 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 345
Figure 398: North America WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 346
Figure 399: North America EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 346
Figure 400: North America Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 347
Figure 401: North America Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 347
Figure 402: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 348
Figure 403: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 348
Figure 404: North America Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 349
Figure 405: North America Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 349
Figure 406: North America Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 350
Figure 407: North America Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 351
Figure 408: North America Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 351
Figure 409: North America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 352
Figure 410: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 352
Figure 411: Western Europe Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 353
Figure 412: Western Europe 2G/3G vs. 4G Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 354
Figure 413: Western Europe Macrocell RAN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 354
Figure 414: Western Europe Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 355
Figure 415: Western Europe Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 355
Figure 416: Western Europe GSM Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 356
Figure 417: Western Europe GSM Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 356
Figure 418: Western Europe CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 357
Figure 419: Western Europe CDMA2000/EV-DO Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 357
Figure 420: Western Europe W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 358
Figure 421: Western Europe W-CDMA/HSPA Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 358
Figure 422: Western Europe LTEFDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 359
Figure 423: Western Europe LTEFDD Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 359
Figure 424: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 360
Figure 425: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 360
Figure 426: Western Europe WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2010 - 2020 361
Figure 427: Western Europe WiMAX Macrocell RAN Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 361
Figure 428: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 362
Figure 429: Western Europe GSM Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 362
Figure 430: Western Europe CDMA2000 Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 363
Figure 431: Western Europe W-CDMA Base Station Controller Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 363
Figure 432: Western Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 364
Figure 433: Western Europe 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 364
Figure 434: Western Europe WiMAX ASN & CSN Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 365
Figure 435: Western Europe EPC Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 365
Figure 436: Western Europe Home Location Register (HLR) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 366
Figure 437: Western Europe Mobile Switching Subsystem Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 366
Figure 438: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 367
Figure 439: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 367
Figure 440: Western Europe Carrier WiFi Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 368
Figure 441: Western Europe Carrier WiFi Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 368
Figure 442: Western Europe Distributed Antenna Systems (DAS) Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 369
Figure 443: Western Europe Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 370
Figure 444: Western Europe Remote Radio Head (RRH) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 370
Figure 445: Western Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 371
Figure 446: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 371
Figure 447: METIS Members 372
Figure 448: Investments in 5G R&D: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 375
Figure 449: METIS 5G Requirements 376
Figure 450: SWOT Analysis of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 387

Published By: Signals and Systems Telecom
Product Code: Signals and Systems Telecom41


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