Production and Market of Imidacloprid in China - 4th Edition

Published: August 2013
No. of Pages: 94
  

As a major supplier of imidacloprid, China has many advantages in the production of imidacloprid, including efficient production technology, sufficient raw material supply and low production cost. About 50% of imidacloprid technical producers are located in Jiangsu Province. With the increasingly intense competition in the imidacloprid industry, will China's production of imidacloprid further concentrate in the future? What kind of enterprises will hold dominant positions in China's imidacloprid production?

China is a major imidacloprid export country, and over half of its imidacloprid output is exported to countries all over the world. The export value of imidacloprid in China has witnessed an increase of over 75% in 2012 compared with that in 2011. What are the reasons of this huge increase? Where are the imidacloprid products exported to? Will the export volume of imidacloprid in China continue enlarging in the future years? What is the trend of imidacloprid price in the future?

In China, imidacloprid is mainly used in the control of rice plant hoppers and aphids. It is mainly applied on rice, wheat, cotton and vegetables. Domestic market of imidacloprid has seen a slow growth in recent years, and the market structure has some changes. What is the consumption structure on different crops and in different regions now? What will be the new growth point of imidacloprid in domestic market in the future?

This report can answer the above-mentioned questions and provide you a comprehensive insight of the imidacloprid industry in China. This report attaches importance to the following parts:

  • Update all the data related to imidacloprid industry from technical and formulations in China in 2008-H1 2013, including registration, supply, export, price and demand;
  • Identify the key players and potential producers of imidacloprid industry in China;
  • Emphasize consumption volume of imidacloprid market in 2008-2012, as well as the consumption structure by crops and regions in 2012;
  • Figure out the development status and influencing factors including drivers and barriers;
  • Forecast imidacloprid industry development from supply, export and demand in 2013-2017;
  • Get a clear understanding of the future development trend, and identify China’s position in imidacloprid industry from a global perspective;
  • Explore commercial opportunities of imidacloprid industry in China under the context of the new global economy situation;
  • Analyze substitutes for imidacloprid products in domestic market.

Executive Summary

With fast development in recent years, China's pesticide industry becomes more and more important in the global pesticide industry chain. Imidacloprid, as one of the major insecticides in China, also takes an important role in the global market. China is not only an imidacloprid producer that can guarantee its own agricultural production, but also an important imidacloprid exporter in the world. China has many advantages in the production of imidacloprid, including efficient production technology, stable raw material supply and low production cost, etc.

Production technology of imidacloprid

In China, there are mainly five pathways for the production of CCMP, an important intermediate of imidacloprid, namely DCPD route, morpholine route, 3-methylpyridine route, 2-amino-5-methylpyridine route and benzylamine route. At present, almost all domestic imidacloprid producers except for Jiangsu Yangnong adopt DCPD route in the production of imidacloprid and the rest routes are almost out of use in the production.

Currently DCPD route used for the commercial production of imidacloprid was innovated by Jiangsu Kwin in 2001, which brought in the experimental technology from Shenyang Research Institute of Chemical Industry in 1994.

Though the process of DCPD route is rather long, it has advantages of low production cost, good product quality and abundant supply of raw materials. It has been playing a dominant role in imidacloprid production in China in recent years. However, with the rapid development of technology, some domestic enterprises expect to improve CCMP synthesis by 3-methylpyridine route. In the future, if CCMP's isomers such as 2-chloro-3-methylpyridine can be isolated, the route will be popular thanks to its simple process.

Production & producers

Nowadays, China is a major imidacloprid supplier in the world. China's total capacity of imidacloprid technical has reached XXXt/a as of July 2013. And the country produces about XXX tonnes of imidacloprid technical in 2012.

Thanks to the large demand in overseas market, China's output of imidacloprid will continuously increase with an expected CAGR of XXX% in 2013-2017.

The production of imidacloprid will be gradually concentrated in producers who have advanced production technology and wide distribution channels, such as XXX, XXX and XXX.

There are XXX active producers and 6 suspended producers of imidacloprid technical in China as of July 2013. The top 3 producers by capacity are XXX (XXXt/a), XXX (XXXt/a) and XXX (XXXt/a), with total capacity accounting for XXX% of China's total. Also, there are XXX producers in total with capacity of imidacloprid reaching or over XXXt/a as of July 2013.

The output of imidacloprid formulations is about XXX tonnes in China in 2012. The major imidacloprid formulations are XXX, XXX, XXX and XXX. XXX is still dominating the domestic market, but its market share is being transferred to formulations of high content.

Import & export

Thanks to the large global demand for imidacloprid, more and more Chinese imidacloprid has been exported, with the CAGR of its export volume reaching XXX% in 2008-2012. The export volume of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical witnesses an annual growth rate of XXX% in 2012, owing to the growing demand from overseas market mainly caused by the expiration of imidacloprid patent in South America. It is forecasted that the export volume of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical will keep growing with a CAGR of XXX% in 2013-2017 and Chinese imidacloprid will be increasingly dependent on overseas market.

In 2012, the total export volume of imidacloprid in China is XXX tonnes, including XXX tonnes of technical and XXX tonnes of formulations, with a CAGR of XXX% in 2008-2012. And the total export volume of the product calculated by 97% technical is around XXX tonnes, accounting for XXX% of the total output in 2012.

Imidacloprid XXX was firstly exported in 2011, with a export volume of XXX tonnes, or XXX% of the total formulation export volume calculated by 97% technical; while in 2012, it took the place of XXX, became the top one formulation by export volume, with a export volume of XXX tonnes (converted to 97% technical), accounting for XXX% of the total export volume of imidacloprid formulations. The export volume of XXX also showed an increasing trend in 2012, up to XXX tonnnes from XXX tonnes in 2011, accounting for XXX% of the total export volume of imidacloprid formulations calculated by 97% technical in 2012. The export volume of XXX was still very large, which ranked third. However, its export volume showed a decreasing trend since 2011, down to XXX tonnes (converted to 97% technical) in 2012 from nearly XXX tonnes (converted to 97% technical) in 2010.

Because of the abundant supply and high quality of homemade imidacloprid, China imports little imidacloprid, except for a quantity of imidacloprid formulations imported from Bayer CropScience.

Consumption & demand

At present, major imidacloprid formulations consumed in China are XXX, XXX, XXX and XXX, among which the consumption of XXX is the largest. Owing to the growing pest resistance, more and more imidacloprid formulations with high content are needed, such as XXX and XXX.

Imidacloprid is mainly used in the control of rice plant hoppers and aphids on rice, wheat, vegetables, cotton, etc. Rice is the largest application field of imidacloprid, and wheat ranks second by consumption of imidacloprid (converted to 97% technical). For these two crops, about XXX tonnes of imidacloprid (converted to 97% technical) have been consumed in 2012, accounting for XXX% of the total consumption. Owing to high imidacloprid resistance of rice plant hoppers, the consumption of imidacloprid on rice is estimated to decline in the next several years until the resistance recovers to a normal level. As for wheat, cotton, fruits and vegetables, the consumption of imidacloprid will keep a stable growth. The application of the seed treatment technology will boost the demand for imidacloprid, especially from wheat.

Imidacloprid is effective on nymph and adult of rice plant hoppers. At present, there are mainly several insecticides which can be used to substitute it, including acetamiprid, pymetrozine, etc.

Price change of imidacloprid technical

Since 2008, the price of imidacloprid has been soaring. For example, the ex-works price of imidacloprid 95% technical was USDXXX/t in June 2008, increasing by about a half over the end of 2007. In 2009, the imidacloprid industry suffered a depressed market demand, and the average ex-works price of 95% imidacloprid technical was about USDXXX/t, down XXX% year on year.

In 2010, the price of imidacloprid technical rebounded and witnessed an uptrend, and it has been soaring in 2011-2013, especially entering 2012 because of the tight supply caused by the prosperous export market. The ex-works price of 95% imidacloprid technical hits USDXXX/t in July 2013, up XXX%, XXX% and XXX% compared with the average price in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

Production and Market of Imidacloprid in China - 4th Edition

Table of Contents

Executive summary  1   

Introduction and methodology  4 

1 Introduction to imidacloprid industry in China  7 
1-1 Brief introduction to insecticide industry  7 
1-2 Development of imidacloprid industry  12 
1-3 Position of imidacloprid in insecticide industry  15 

2 Supply & demand of imidacloprid in China  17 
2-1 Production technology of imidacloprid  17 
2-1-1 Introduction to each production technology  17 
2-1-2 Production cost comparison of two production routes  21 
2-2 Registration of imidacloprid in China  23 
2-3 Current supply of imidacloprid in China  28 
2-3-1 Summary of technical production, 2008-H1 2013  28
2-3-2 Key technical producers, 2008-H1 2013  31 
2-3-3 Summary of formulation production, 2008-2012  39 
2-4 Introduction to key raw materials & intermediates of imidacloprid  44 
2-4-1 2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine (CCMP)  44 
2-4-2 Dicyclopentadiene (DCPD)  46 
2-4-3 N-Nitroiminoimidazolidine  48 
2-5 Circulation  50 
2-5-1 Price of imidacloprid technical and formulations in China, 2008-H1 2013  50 
2-5-2 Import & export analysis of imidacloprid  52 
2-5-2-1 Export, 2008-2012  52 
2-5-2-2 Import  67
2-6 Consumption for imidacloprid in China  68 
2-6-1 Consumption summary, 2008-2012  68 
2-6-2 Share by crops  69 
2-6-3 Share by regions  73 
2-7 Competitiveness of Chinese imidacloprid industry  74 
2-8 Substitutes/competitive products of imidacloprid in China  76 
2-8-1 Introduction to imidacloprid's substitutes/competitive products  76 
2-8-2 Comparison between imidacloprid and its substitutes/competitive products  81 

3 Forecast on imidacloprid in China, 2013-2017  82   
3-1 Key factors influencing imidacloprid industry  82 
3-2 Supply and demand forecast, 2013-2017  84 
3-3 Export forecast, 2013-2017  86  

4 Conclusion  87  

5 Contact information of major producers in China  89 

List of Tables

Table 1.1-1 Major varieties of insecticides in China
Table 2.1.2-1 Comparison of major imidacloprid production routes in China
Table 2.1.2-2 Cost analysis of raw materials in production of imidacloprid technical by DCPD route, July 2013
Table 2.1.2-3 Cost analysis of raw materials in production of imidacloprid technical by 3-methylpyridine route, July 2013
Table 2.2-1 Valid registrations of imidacloprid in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.2-2 Valid registrations of imidacloprid technical in China, 2008-July 2013
Table 2.2-3 Valid registrations of imidacloprid formulations in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.2-4 Distribution of imidacloprid registrations in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.3.2-1 Capacity situation of active producers of imidacloprid technical in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.3.2-2 Geographic distribution of imidacloprid technical production in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.3.2-3 Basic information on imidacloprid technical producers in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.3.2-4 Capacity and output of imidacloprid technical producers in China, 2008-H1 2013
Table 2.3.2-5 Information about imidacloprid technical producers in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.3.3-1 Content of imidacloprid formulations' active ingredients stipulated in the Notice No. 1158, 2009
Table 2.3.3-2 Major producers of imidacloprid formulations in China, 2011-2012
Table 2.4.1-1 Major CCMP producers in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.4.2-1 Key producers of DCPD in China, 2013
Table 2.4.3-1 Key active producers of N-Nitroiminoimidazolidine in China, as of July 2013
Table 2.5.2.1-1 Export of imidacloprid in China by month, 2012
Table 2.5.2.1-2 Export of imidacloprid in China by month, 2011
Table 2.5.2.1-3 Export of imidacloprid in China by month, 2010
Table 2.5.2.1-4 Export of imidacloprid in China by exporter, 2012
Table 2.5.2.1-5 Export of imidacloprid in China by exporter, 2011
Table 2.5.2.1-6 Export of imidacloprid in China by exporter, 2010
Table 2.5.2.1-7 Export of imidacloprid in China by destination, 2012
Table 2.5.2.1-8 Export of imidacloprid in China by destination, 2011
Table 2.5.2.1-9 Export of imidacloprid in China by destination, 2010
Table 2.6.1-1 Domestic apparent consumption of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical in China, 2008-2012, tonne
Table 2.6.2-1 Planting area of major crops in China, 2008-2012, '000 ha.
Table 2.6.2-2 Consumption situation of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical, 2008-2012, tonne
Table 2.8.1-1 Capacity of key acetamiprid technical producers in China, 2012
Table 2.8.1-2 Capacity of key pymetrozine technical producers in China, 2012
Table 2.8.1-3 Capacity of key thiamethoxam technical producers in China, 2012
Table 2.8.2-1 Comparison between imidacloprid and its substitutes
Table 3.2-1 Demand forecast on imidacloprid by crops in China (calculated by 97% technical), 2013-2017, tonne
Table 5-1 Contact information of major producers in China

List of Figures

Figure 1.1-1 Output volume and output share of insecticides in pesticides in China, 2000-2012
Figure 1.1-2 Geographical distribution of insecticide technical in China by output, 2012
Figure 1.1-3 Demand structure of insecticides by volume in China, 2013
Figure 1.3-1 Output share of imidacloprid in insecticide industry in China, 2003-2012
Figure 2.1-1 Chemical principle of imidacloprid synthesis from CCMP in China
Figure 2.1.1-1 CCMP synthesis by DCPD route
Figure 2.1.1-2 Process flow chart of imidacloprid by DCPD route
Figure 2.1.1-3 CCMP synthesis by benzylamine route
Figure 2.1.1-4 CCMP synthesis by morpholine route
Figure 2.1.1-5 CCMP synthesis by 3-methylpyridine route
Figure 2.1.1-6 CCMP synthesis by 2-amino-5-methylpyridine route
Figure 2.3.1-1 Production situation of imidacloprid technical in China, 2008-H1 2013
Figure 2.3.1-2 Operating rate of imidacloprid technical manufacturers in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.3.2-1 Output distribution of imidacloprid technical in China, 2012
Figure 2.3.3-1 Output of imidacloprid formulations in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.4.1-1 Ex-works prices of CCMP and 95% imidacloprid technical in China, Feb. 2008-July 2013
Figure 2.4.2-1 Consumption structure of DCPD in China in 2012
Figure 2.4.2-2 Ex-works prices of high grade (90~95%) DCPD in China, 2011-June 2013
Figure 2.4.3-1 N-Nitroiminoimidazolidine consumption for imidacloprid in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.5.1-1 Average ex-work price of imidacloprid 95% technical in China, 2001-H1 2013
Figure 2.5.1-2 Ex-work prices of imidacloprid 95% technical and 10% WP in China, Jan. 2008-July 2013
Figure 2.5.2.1-1 Export volume of imidacloprid technical and formulations in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.5.2.1-2 Average export price of imidacloprid in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.5.2.1-3 Export volume share of imidacloprid by port, 2012
Figure 2.6.1-1 Consumption volume of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical in China, 2008-2012
Figure 2.6.2-1 Consumption structure of imidacloprid by application field (calculated by 97% technical) in China, 2012
Figure 2.6.3-1 Imidacloprid consumption structure by region in China, 2012
Figure 2.6.3-2 Imidacloprid consumption structure by region in China, 2007
Figure 3.2-1 Forecast on output of imidacloprid technical in China, 2013-2017
Figure 3.2-2 Forecast on demand of imidacloprid (calculated by 97% technical) in China, 2013-2017
Figure 3.3-1 Forecast on export volume of imidacloprid calculated by 97% technical in China, 2013-2017

Published By: CCM International
Product Code: CCM International1339


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