Food Containers to 2017: Rigid and Flexible

Published: April 2013
No. of Pages: 451
  

This study analyzes the US rigid and flexible food container industry. It presents historical demand data (2002, 2007, 2012) and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 by type (e.g., bags and pouches, paperboard containers, metal containers, plastic containers, glass containers) and market (e.g., fruits and vegetables, grain mill products, dairy products, meat and related products, baked goods, sauces and condiments, snack foods, candy and confections). The study also considers market environment factors, evaluates company market share and profiles industry players.

US demand to approach $28 billion in 2017

Food container demand in the US is expected to approach $28 billion in 2017. Advances will be driven by population and disposable income growth; consumer demand for foods offering a combination of convenience, quality, and value; and trends toward using value added packaging that provides enhanced freshness protection and convenience of use. Unit expansion will be aided by the growing popularity of single serving packaging, such as plastic cups and pouches, in an expanding range of applications. Such formats are increasingly chosen to meet consumer demand for food products offering convenience and portability.

Plastic containers and bags & pouches to see above average value growth

Plastic containers, and bags and pouches will experience the fastest growth among food container types, continuing to supplant paperboard, metal, and glass containers. Advances for plastic containers will be driven by advantages over glass, metal, and paperboard alternatives, along with processing improvements resulting in enhanced barrier and heat resistance properties. Additionally, while oil price increases will be more moderate than in the 2002-2012 period, faster price increases are expected for plastic food containers than for other food container materials, which will provide further momentum for plastic food containers.

continued inroads into rigid packaging applications. Moreover, inherent environmentally friendly characteristics of bags and pouches -- such as reduced material requirements and shipping costs compared to rigid containers -- will be key advantages, especially in light of the increasing prominence of sustainability factors in purchasing decisions by major retailers. A further factor that will propel gains for pouches, especially stand-up types, is the perception, especially among younger consumers, of pouches as a more contemporary packaging format than traditional container types, such as cans, bottles, and cartons.

Paperboard containers to lead gains among other types

Despite the maturity of a number of applications, prospects for paperboard containers will be helped by favorable graphics and sustainability qualities; enhancements such as higher wet strength and moisture resistance; and the capability to improve microwave oven performance in certain uses. Growth for aseptic cartons will significantly outpace that of other paperboard food containers as a result of expanding applications, often at the expense of metal cans and other rigid and flexible containers.

Continued unit declines are expected for metal cans due to market maturity, supplantation by alternative container types, and competition from fresh and frozen food alternatives. Nonetheless, cans will remain a sizeable and important segment of the food container mix based on their long shelf life, efficiency of production, economic advantages of canned items in controlling food expenditures, and ongoing demand for a number of canned items as cooking staples.

Glass container unit demand will continue to decline as a result of further inroads by plastic containers and pouches in traditional glass markets. Nonetheless, glass’ premium image and excellent barrier properties will support continued use in certain markets.

Company Profiles

Profiles for 33 US competitors such as Ball, Bemis, Crown Holdings, Graphic Packaging, Printpack, Reynolds Group, Rock-Tenn, Silgan, and Sonoco

Additional Information

This study analyzes the US market for rigid and flexible food containers. Product segments covered include folding cartons and other rigid paperboard containers (e.g., gabletop cartons, set-up boxes, aseptic cartons, paperboard tubs, composite cans, and egg cartons), various rigid plastic containers (e.g., bottles, jars, tubs, cups, and cans), steel and aluminum cans, and glass bottles and jars used in retail (e.g., supermarket) and selected foodservice bulk and portion control food packaging applications. Flexible food containers covered include plastic and paper bags and pouches. Both primary and secondary rigid packaging are included in the study in cases where the secondary packaging would typically be used beyond the point of sale. For example, secondary containers such as cereal boxes and folding cartons for multipacks of snacks and baked goods are included, whereas a corrugated shipping box or merchandise display box is not. Also excluded are containers used to package beverage products such as fluid milk, and fruit and vegetable juices. Other food packaging such as film wrap, foil, trays, clamshells, baskets, plastic food storage containers, pails, home canning jars, and separately sold ends and closures are also excluded from the scope of this study.

Historical data (2002, 2007, 2012) and forecasts to 2017 and 2022 are provided for container demand (i.e., consumption) in current dollars (including inflation) by material and market. Container sales by unit are also provided for the aggregate industry and each container material type. Resin data in pounds are supplied for plastic container types. In addition, the key strategic variables affecting the food container industry are discussed, and the industry’s leading players are identified and profiled. US market share estimates are also provided for the overall industry and for each of the major container materials.

Information and data on the food container industry were obtained from primary and secondary sources. Secondary data were obtained from government publications as well as trade associations and other private sources. Historical data are based on US Bureau of Census figures, including the Annual Survey of Manufactures, Census of Manufactures, and various pricing series reports. Trade associations included the American Chemistry Council Plastics Division, Can Manufacturers Institute, Carton Council, Consumer Specialty Products Association, Flexible Packaging Association, Food Marketing Institute, Grocery Manufacturers Association, Paperboard Packaging Council, and Society of the Plastics Industry Flexible Film and Bag Division. These base and supporting data were refined and adjusted in light of consultation with industry and other private sources and contacts.

Food Containers to 2017: Rigid and Flexible

Table Of Contents

Introduction  XII

I. Executive Summary 1

II. Market Environment 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Outlook 5
Demographic Trends 8
Consumer Income & Spending Trends  12
Retail Sales Outlook15
Food Industry Overview19
Consumer Preferences22
Distribution Trends24
Packaging Industry Overview27
Paper29
Plastic30
Metal31
Glass & Wood32
Competitive Packaging Forms & Materials  32
Pricing Trends34
Plastic38
Bags & Pouches39
Paperboard41
Metal42
Glass43
Environmental & Regulatory Issues  44
Recycling46
Degradable Materials50
Non-Biodegradable Bioplastics  51
International Activity & Foreign Trade  53

III. Food Container Markets56
General 56
Fruits & Vegetables59
Fruit & Vegetable Outlook59
Container Trends61
Processed Fruits & Vegetables  62
Fresh Produce66
Dairy Products70
Dairy Product Outlook70
Container Trends73
Rigid Containers74
Bags & Pouches77
Grain Mill Products78
Grain Mill Product Outlook79
Container Trends81
Pet Food81
Rigid Containers83
Bags & Pouches85
Other Grain Mill Products87
Meat & Related Products90
Meat & Related Product Outlook  91
Container Trends93
Meat, Poultry, & Seafood94
Bags & Pouches95
Rigid Containers98
Egg Cartons  100
Baked Goods  103
Baked Goods Outlook  104
Container Trends  105
Sauces & Condiments  109
Sauce & Condiment Outlook  110
Container Trends  111
Rigid Containers  112
Bags & Pouches  115
Snack Foods  117
Snack Food Outlook  117
Container Trends  119
Candy & Confections  123
Candy & Confection Outlook  124
Container Trends  125
Bags & Pouches  127
Rigid Containers  128
Frozen Specialties  130
Frozen Specialties Outlook  131
Container Trends  133
Other Foods  137
Other Foods Outlook  138
Container Trends  140
Soups & Canned Specialties 141
Coffee & Tea  145
Rigid Containers  147
Bags & Pouches  150
Fats & Oils  151
Baby Food  153
All Other Food  156

IV. Container Overview  162
General 162
Container Demand  164

V. Bags & Pouches  169
General 169
Product Types  171
Plastic Bags & Pouches  173
Pouches  175
Definition  176
Applications  178
Producers  183
Bags & Sacks  185
Applications  185
Producers  187
Paper Bags & Pouches  189
Applications  192
Producers  194
Markets 196
Market Share  207

VI. Paperboard Food Containers  210
General 210
Paperboard Boxes & Cartons  212
Folding Cartons  214
Applications  216
Producers  220
Other Boxes & Cartons  221
Gabletop Cartons  222
Set-Up Boxes  224
Aseptic Cartons  225
Other Paperboard Containers  228
Nonfolding Sanitary Containers 230
Composite Cans  233
Molded Pulp Egg Cartons  237
Markets 239
Market Share  247

VII. Plastic Food Containers  249
General 249
Plastic Tubs, Cups, & Bowls  252
Resins  256
Producers  259
Plastic Bottles & Jars  261
Bottles  263
Jars 266
Resins  269
Producers  270
Plastic Egg Cartons  272
Other Plastic Food Containers  274
Cans 276
Squeeze Tubes & All Other  278
Markets 280
Resins 290
High Density Polyethylene  292
Polyethylene Terephthalate  293
Polypropylene  295
Polystyrene  297
Other  297
Market Share  299

VIII. Metal Food Containers  302
General 302
Container Types & Materials  305
Steel & Bi-Metal Cans  307
Aluminum Cans  308
Aerosol Cans  309
Captive & Merchant Production  311
Markets 314
Market Share  320

IX. Glass Food Containers  322
General 322
Competitive Factors  325
Glass Jars  327
Glass Bottles  332
Market Share  334

X. Industry Structure  336
General 336
Market Share  340
Acquisitions & Divestitures  349
Product Manufacturing & Development 354
Marketing Strategies  357
Channels of Distribution  359
Competitive Strategies  360
Cooperative Agreements  362
Company Profiles  365
Amcor Limited  366
American Packaging Corporation 369
Ampac Packaging LLC  370
Anchor Glass Container, see Ardagh Group Ardagh Group SA  372
BagcraftPapercon, see Packaging Dynamics Ball Corporation  375
Bemis Company Incorporated  376
Berry Plastics Corporation  380
Caraustar Industries Incorporated 384
Consolidated Container Company LLC 385
Constar International LLC  386
Crown Holdings Incorporated  388
Cryovac, see Sealed Air Curwood, see Bemis Dolco Packaging, see Tekni-Plex Evergreen Packaging, see Reynolds Group Holdings Exopack Holding Corporation  390
GMI Group, see Rock-Tenn Graham Packaging, see Reynolds Group Holdings Graphic Packaging Holding Company 393
Groupe de Luxe, see Packaging Dynamics Grupo Phoenix  397
Hood Companies  398
Huhtamaki Oyj  400
International Tray Pads and Packaging, see Reynolds Group Holdings Interplast Packaging, see Reynolds Group Holdings Leone Industries, see Ardagh Group LINPAC Packaging Filmco, see Berry Plastics MeadWestvaco Corporation  403
Mid South Packaging, see Rock-Tenn Milprint, see Bemis Owens-Illinois Group Incorporated 405
Packaging Dynamics Corporation 406
Pactiv, see Reynolds Group Holdings PaperWorks Industries Incorporated 408
Phoenix Packaging Operations, see Grupo Phoenix Plastipak Holdings Incorporated 410
Polytainers Incorporated  412
Printpack Incorporated  413
Rexam SBC, see Berry Plastics Reynolds Group Holdings Limited 415
Ring Companies  421
Rock-Tenn Company  422
RTS Packaging, see Rock-Tenn and Sonoco Products Saint-Gobain  426
Sealed Air Corporation  428
SIG Combibloc Group, see Reynolds Group Holdings Silgan Holdings Incorporated  431
Smurfit-Stone Container, see Rock-Tenn Sonoco Products Company  434
Tekni-Plex Incorporated  437
Tetra Laval International SA  438
Tetra Pak, see Tetra Laval International Thilmany Papers, see Packaging Dynamics Verallia North America, see Saint-Gobain Wihuri Oy  440
Winpak, see Wihuri Additional Companies in the Food Container Industry 443

List Of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 8
2 Population & Households 12
3 Personal Consumption Expenditures  15
4 Retail Sales 18
5 Food Shipments 21
6 Packaging Supply & Demand 29
7 Food Container Prices38

Section III -- Food Container Markets
1 Food Container Demand by Market 58
2 Fruit & Vegetable Shipments 61
3 Fruit & Vegetable Container Demand by Application 62
4 Processed Fruit & Vegetable Container Demand by Material & Type 66
5 Fresh Produce Container Demand by Material & Type 69
6 Dairy Product Shipments 72
7 Dairy Product Container Demand by Material 74
8 Grain Mill Product Shipments 80
9 Grain Mill Product Container Demand by Application 81
10 Pet Food Container Demand by Material  83
11 Other Grain Mill Product Container Demand by Material 90
12 Meat & Related Product Shipments  93
13 Meat & Related Product Container Demand by Application 94
14 Meat, Poultry, & Seafood Container Demand by Material 95
15 Egg Carton Demand by Material  103
16 Baked Goods Shipments  105
17 Baked Goods Container Demand by Material109
18 Sauce & Condiment Shipments  111
19 Sauce & Condiment Container Demand by Material112
20 Snack Food Shipments  119
21 Snack Food Container Demand by Material 123
22 Candy & Confection Shipments  125
23 Candy & Confection Container Demand by Material126
24 Frozen Specialties Shipments  132
25 Frozen Specialties Container Demand by Material137
26 Other Food Shipments  140
27 Other Food Container Demand by Market 141
28 Soups & Canned Specialties Container Demand by Material 145
29 Coffee & Tea Container Demand by Material 147
30 Fats & Oils Container Demand by Material 153
31 Baby Food Container Demand by Material 156
32 All Other Food Container Demand by Material 161

Section IV -- Container Overview
1 Food Container Demand by Type  167

Section V -- Bags & Pouches
1 Bag & Pouch Demand in Food Applications by Material & Type 171
2 Plastic Bag & Pouch Demand in Food Applications by Type 174
3 Paper Bag & Pouch Demand in Food Applications by Type 192
4 Bag & Pouch Demand in Food Applications by Market 198

Section VI -- Paperboard Food Containers
1 Paperboard Food Container Demand by Type 212
2 Paperboard Box & Carton Demand in Food Applications by Type 214
3 Folding Carton Demand in Food Applications 216
4 Other Box & Carton Demand in Food Applications by Type 221
5 Gabletop Carton Demand in Food Applications 223
6 Set-Up Box Demand in Food Applications 225
7 Aseptic Carton Demand in Food Applications 228
8 Other Paperboard Food Container Demand by Type 229
9 Nonfolding Sanitary Food Container Demand 233
10 Composite Can Demand in Food Applications 237
11 Molded Pulp Egg Carton Demand  239
12 Paperboard Food Container Demand by Market 241

Section VII -- Plastic Food Containers
1 Plastic Food Container Demand by Type 251
2 Plastic Tub, Cup, & Bowl Demand in Food Applications 255
3 Plastic Food Bottle & Jar Demand 262
4 Plastic Food Bottle Demand  265
5 Plastic Food Jar Demand  268
6 Plastic Egg Carton Demand  274
7 Other Plastic Food Container Demand by Type & Resin 275
8 Plastic Container Demand by Market 281
9 Plastic Food Container Demand by Resin 291

Section VIII -- Metal Food Containers
1 Metal Food Container Demand by Type 305
2 Metal Food Container Demand by Source of Production 314
3 Metal Food Container Demand by Market 315

Section IX -- Glass Food Containers
1 Glass Food Container Demand by Type 325
2 Glass Food Jar Demand by Market  331
3 Glass Food Bottle Demand by Market 334

Section X -- Industry Structure
1 US Food Container Sales by Company, 2012 338
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 352
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements  364

List Of Charts

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Food Shipments, 2012 22

Section III -- Food Container Markets
1 Food Container Demand by Market, 2012  58

Section IV -- Container Overview
1 Food Container Demand by Type, 2012: Value & Units 168

Section V -- Bags & Pouches
1 Bag & Pouch Demand in Food Applications by Market, 2012 199
2 Food Bag & Pouch Market Share, 2012 209

Section VI -- Paperboard Food Containers
1 Other Paperboard Food Container Demand by Type, 2012 230
2 Paperboard Food Container Demand by Market, 2012 242
3 Paperboard Food Container Market Share, 2012 248

Section VII -- Plastic Food Containers
1 Plastic Food Container Demand by Type, 2012 252
2 Plastic Tub, Cup, & Bowl Demand by Resin, 2012 256
3 Plastic Food Bottle Demand by Resin, 2012 266
4 Plastic Food Jar Demand by Resin, 2012 269
5 Plastic Food Container Demand by Market, 2012 282
6 Plastic Food Container Demand by Resin, 2012 292
7 Plastic Food Container Market Share, 2012 301

Section VIII -- Metal Food Containers
1 Metal Food Container Demand by Market, 2012 316
2 Metal Food Container Market Share, 2012 321

Section IX -- Glass Food Containers
1 Glass Food Jar Demand by Market, 2012 332
2 Glass Container Market Share, 2012 335

Section X -- Industry Structure
1 US Food Container Market Share, 2012 343

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group211


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