Specialty Plastic Additives to 2017

Published: April 2013
No. of Pages: 297
   

US demand for specialty plastic additives is forecast to rise 4.5 percent annually to 4.0 billion pounds in 2017, driven by a rebound in the key construction market. Processing aids and property modifiers are expected to be the fastest growing types, while plasticizers will remain the largest segment. PVC will remain the dominant resin and will grow the fastest.

This study analyzes the 3.2 billion pound US plastic additives industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2002, 2007 and 2012, and forecasts for 2017 and 2022 by type (e.g., plasticizers, protective additives, property modifiers, processing aids) and resin (e.g., PVC, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyurethane, polystyrene).

The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles 39 major producers, including BASF, Exxon Mobil, and Eastman Chemical.

US demand to rise 4.5% annually through 2017

US demand for specialty plastic additives is forecast to rise 4.5 percent annually to 4.0 billion pounds in 2017, with market value reaching $7.3 billion. Advances will be fueled by an improved macroeconomic climate, which will boost overall demand for plastics in a number of markets. In particular, a strong rebound in construction activity following the severe declines of the recession-impacted 2007- 2012 period will create significant opportunities in the construction market, which is anticipated to generate over twothirds of new demand for plastic additives through 2017.

Phthalate-free plasticizers to pace key product segment

The outlook for the key plasticizers segment is tied closely to that for flexible polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products, which comprise the vast majority of demand. Although phthalates will continue to dominate the plasticizer market, more rapid gains are anticipated for non-phthalate types due to ongoing concerns regarding the health and environmental risks associated with phthalate exposure. Spurred by mounting unease among consumers, manufacturers are phasing out the use of controversial compounds such as diethylhexyl phthalate plasticizers in favor of higher molecular weight phthalates and phthalate-free formulations with better safety profiles.

Flame retardants dominate the protective additives segment in volume terms and are projected to offer the best growth prospects, spurred by their utilization in construction products and related industries such as wire and cable. Health concerns about halogenated flame retardants, some of which are being voluntarily phased out, have resulted in a shift in product mix toward nonhalogenated alternatives. Among the other protective additives, demand for heat stabilizers will rebound strongly based on their use in rigid PVC products, while antioxidants will benefit from strengthening demand for polyolefins.

Among the property modifiers, impact modifiers represent the largest and fastest growing product type. These additives are chiefly employed in rigid PVC construction products and will therefore benefit from a turnaround in construction spending through 2017. This rebound will also provide opportunities for colorants in wood-plastic composite (WPC) lumber applications and chemical blowing agents utilized in the production of cellular PVC for decking, molding, and trim. Moreover, increased building activity will fuel demand for processing aids such as mold releases and lubricants, as well as compatibilizers and coupling agents, which are utilized in the rapidly expanding WPC lumber industry.

PVC resins market to offer best growth opportunities

PVC is the leading consumer of specialty plastic additives, accounting for a larger share of the market than all other resins combined. Through 2017, PVC is also projected to achieve the most rapid gains, stemming from the widespread use of rigid PVC products in the rebounding construction industry. Expanding opportunities for rigid PVC will propel demand for additives such as impact modifiers and lubricants, while more moderate advances are anticipated for flexible PVC additives such as plasticizers and antimicrobials. Among other resins, polyolefins are expected to offer strong growth prospects. In particular, additives demand will benefit from polyethylene’s position as the predominant resin used in WPC products, as well as the increasing popularity of polypropylene in automotive components.

Company Profiles

Profiles 39 industry players such as BASF, Chemtura and Exxon Mobil

Additional Information

This study analyzes the US market for plastic additives, including plasticizers, protective additives (flame retardants, antioxidants, heat and light stabilizers, and antimicrobials), property modifiers (impact modifiers, colorants, chemical blowing agents, antistatic agents, and antifogging agents), and processing aids (lubricants and mold release agents, slip agents, compatibilizers and coupling agents, and antiblocking agents). Although some commodity products are included to give a better and complete view of some segments of the market, this study focuses primarily on specialty additives and excludes fillers, reinforcing fibers, and titanium dioxide pigments. In addition, the study discusses environmental, regulatory, and other market environment factors.

Historical data are provided for 2002, 2007, and 2012 with forecasts for the years 2017 and 2022. “Demand” is defined as being equal to production plus imports minus exports. This is synonymous with terms such as “sales” and “consumption.” Data are presented in millions of US dollars and millions of pounds, and by product type and by resin (polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polypropylene, polyurethane, polystyrene, and other plastics).

Information and data on the specialty plastic additives industry were obtained from a variety of primary and secondary sources. Consultations with officers and marketing/technical personnel of participating companies and other industry specialists were pursued. Secondary data were obtained from government, trade associations, and other private sources. Corporate information sources included annual reports, SEC Form10-K filings, product releases, prospectuses, and conversations with responsible officers within the companies themselves. Publications consulted for background information included Chemical & Engineering News, Chemical Week, Compounding World, ICIS Chemical Business, Modern Plastics, Plastics News, and Plastics Technology.

Specialty Plastic Additives to 2017

Table of Contents

Introduction x

I. Executive Summary 1

II. Market Environment 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Environment 5
Demographic Trends 8
Manufacturing Outlook 12
Construction Outlook 15
Plastic Resin Outlook 18
Pricing Trends 22
Historical Market Trends 24
Regulatory & Environmental Factors 26
Regulatory Trends 27
Health & Environmental Factors 29
Recycling 31
International Activity 32
Foreign Trade 34

III. Demand By Type 36
General 36
Plasticizers 40
Phthalates 41
Non-Phthalates 44
Markets 48
Protective Additives 50
Flame Retardants 52
Halogenated Compounds 54
Non-Halogenated Compounds 56
Antioxidants 58
Heat Stabilizers 60
Light Stabilizers 63
Antimicrobials 66
Markets 70
Property Modifiers 71
Impact Modifiers 74
Colorants 77
Chemical Blowing Agents 82
Antistatic Agents 84
Antifogging Agents 87
Markets 89
Processing Aids 91
Lubricants & Mold Release Agents 93
Slip Agents 96
Compatibilizers & Coupling Agents 98
Antiblocking Agents 101
Markets 104

IV. Demand By Resin 106
General 106
Polyvinyl Chloride 109
Polyvinyl Chloride Overview 109
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 110
Plasticizers 112
Property Modifiers 114
Protective Additives 116
Processing Aids 119
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 120
Polyethylene 123
Polyethylene Overview 124
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 126
Property Modifiers 128
Protective Additives 130
Processing Aids & Plasticizers 132
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 134
Polypropylene 137
Polypropylene Overview 137
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 139
Protective Additives 141
Property Modifiers 143
Processing Aids & Plasticizers 145
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 147
Polyurethane 150
Polyurethane Overview 150
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 152
Protective Additives 153
Plasticizers & Other Additives 154
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 156
Polystyrene 158
Polystyrene Overview 158
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 160
Protective Additives 161
Property Modifiers 163
Processing Aids & Plasticizers 164
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 165
Other Plastics 167
Specialty Plastic Additives Demand 167
Protective Additives 169
Plasticizers 170
Property Modifiers 172
Processing Aids 173
Specialty Plastic Additives Markets 175

V. Industry Structure 177
General 177
Market Share 180
Industry Restructuring 185
Cooperative Agreements 188
Marketing & Distribution 191
Research & Development 192
Competitive Strategies 194
Company Profiles 196
Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated 197
Akzo Nobel NV 199
Albemarle Corporation 201
AM Stabilizers, see Amfine Chemical
Amfine Chemical Corporation 204
Arch Chemicals, see Lonza Group
Arkema SA 207
Baerlocher GmbH 209
BASF SE 211
Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated 214
Buckman Laboratories International Incorporated 216
Chemson Polymer-Additive AG 217
Chemtura Corporation 219
Clariant International Limited 224
ColorMatrix Group, see PolyOne
Cristal Global 229
Croda International plc 230
Cytec Industries Incorporated 233
Dover Chemical, see ICC Industries
Dow Chemical Company 235
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 239
Eastman Chemical Company 242
Evonik Industries AG 246
Exxon Mobil Corporation 249
Ferro Corporation 251
Galata Chemicals LLC 254
Gayson Silicone Dispersions, see PolyOne
Grace (WR) & Company 256
Great Lakes Solutions, see Chemtura
Hammond Group Incorporated 257
HEXPOL AB 258
Huber (JM) Corporation 260
ICC Industries Incorporated 262
ICL-IP America, see Israel Chemicals
INDSPEC Chemical, see Occidental Petroleum
Israel Chemicals Limited 265
Kaneka Corporation 268
LANXESS AG 270
Lonza Group Limited 275
Lubrizol, see Berkshire Hathaway
Milliken & Company 277
Occidental Petroleum Corporation 279
OMNOVA Solutions Incorporated 281
O’Neil Color & Compounding, see ICC Industries
OXEA GmbH 283
OxyChem, see Occidental Petroleum
Plastics Color, see PMC Global
PMC Global Incorporated 285
PMC Group Incorporated 287
PolyOne Corporation 291
Polysource, see PMC Global
Rhein Chemie Rheinau, see LANXESS
Rio Tinto Group 295
SiVance, see Milliken & Company
Solutia, see Eastman Chemical
Spartech, see PolyOne
Stannica, see Albemarle
Sterling Chemicals, see Eastman Chemical
Unitex Chemical, see LANXESS

List of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 8
2 Population & Households 12
3 Manufacturers’ Shipments 15
4 Construction Expenditures 18
5 Plastic Resin Supply & Demand 21
6 Specialty Plastic Additives Prices 23
7 Specialty Plastic Additives Market, 2002-2012 26

Section III -- Demand By Type
1 Specialty Plastic Additives Demand by Type 38
2 Plasticizers Demand in Plastics by Type 41
3 Phthalate Plasticizers Demand in Plastics 44
4 Non-Phthalate Plasticizers Demand in Plastics 48
5 Plasticizers Demand in Plastics by Market 49
6 Protective Additives Demand in Plastics by Type 51
7 Flame Retardants Demand in Plastics 54
8 Antioxidants Demand in Plastics 60
9 Heat Stabilizers Demand in Plastics 63
10 Light Stabilizers Demand in Plastics 66
11 Antimicrobials Demand in Plastics 69
12 Protective Additives Demand in Plastics by Market 71
13 Property Modifiers Demand in Plastics by Type 73
14 Impact Modifiers Demand in Plastics 77
15 Colorants Demand in Plastics 81
16 Chemical Blowing Agents Demand in Plastics 84
17 Antistatic Agents Demand in Plastics 87
18 Antifogging Agents Demand in Plastics 89
19 Property Modifiers Demand in Plastics by Market 90
20 Processing Aids Demand in Plastics by Type 92
21 Lubricants & Mold Release Agents Demand in Plastics 96
22 Slip Agents Demand in Plastics 98
23 Compatibilizers & Coupling Agents Demand in Plastics 101
24 Antiblocking Agents Demand in Plastics 103
25 Processing Aids Demand in Plastics by Market 105

Section IV -- Demand By Resin
1 Specialty Plastic Additives Demand by Resin 107
2 Polyvinyl Chloride Supply & Demand 110
3 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 112
4 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Plasticizers 114
5 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Property Modifiers 116
6 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Protective Additives 118
7 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Processing Aids 120
8 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 122
9 Polyethylene Supply & Demand 126
10 Polyethylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 128
11 Polyethylene Demand for Property Modifiers 130
12 Polyethylene Demand for Protective Additives 132
13 Polyethylene Demand for Processing Aids & Plasticizers 134
14 Polyethylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 136
15 Polypropylene Supply & Demand 139
16 Polypropylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 140
17 Polypropylene Demand for Protective Additives 143
18 Polypropylene Demand for Property Modifiers 145
19 Polypropylene Demand for Processing Aids & Plasticizers 147
20 Polypropylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 149
21 Polyurethane Production 151
22 Polyurethane Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 152
23 Polyurethane Demand for Protective Additives 154
24 Polyurethane Demand for Plasticizers & Other Additives 155
25 Polyurethane Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 157
26 Polystyrene Supply & Demand 159
27 Polystyrene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 160
28 Polystyrene Demand for Protective Additives 163
29 Polystyrene Demand for Property Modifiers 164
30 Polystyrene Demand for Processing Aids & Plasticizers 165
31 Polystyrene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 166
32 Other Resins Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives 168
33 Other Resins Demand for Protective Additives 170
34 Other Resins Demand for Plasticizers 171
35 Other Resins Demand for Property Modifiers 173
36 Other Resins Demand for Processing Aids 174
37 Other Resins Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market 176

Section V -- Industry Structure
1 US Specialty Plastic Additives Sales by Company, 2012 178
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 187
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 190

List of Charts

Section II -- Market Environment
1 World Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives, 2012 34

Section III -- Demand By Type
1 Specialty Plastic Additives Demand by Type, 2012:
Volume & Value 39
2 Protective Additives Demand in Plastics by Type, 2012 52
3 Property Modifiers Demand in Plastics by Type, 2012 74
4 Processing Aids Demand in Plastics by Type, 2012 93

Section IV -- Demand By Resin
1 Specialty Plastic Additives Demand by Resin, 2012:
Volume & Value 108
2 Polyvinyl Chloride Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market, 2012 123
3 Polyethylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market, 2012 137
4 Polypropylene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market, 2012 150
5 Polyurethane Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market, 2012 158
6 Polystyrene Demand for Specialty Plastic Additives
by Market, 2012 167

Section V -- Industry Structure
1 Specialty Plastic Additives Market Share, 2012 181

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group209


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