World Flat Glass to 2016

Published: January 2013
No. of Pages: 374
   

This study analyzes the world flat glass industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011, and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by product type (e.g., flat glass, fabricated flat glass), market (e.g., nonresidential building construction, residential building construction, OEM motor vehicle, motor vehicle replacement), world region and major country. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles industry players.

Global flat glass demand to increase 6.3% annually through 2016

World demand for flat glass is forecast to rise 6.3 percent per year through 2016 to 8.3 billion square meters. Maintaining the trend seen over the 2001-2011 period, demand will easily outpace real (i.e., inflation-adjusted) gains in the global economy. Gains in the dominant construction sector will be stimulated by an acceleration in building construction spending. The global market value of fabricated flat glass is forecast to exceed $100 billion in 2016.

Asia/Pacific region to remain largest & fastest growing market

The Asia/Pacific region, which accounted for 55 percent of global flat glass demand (on a square meter basis) in 2011, will continue to post the fastest gains through 2016. Gains in the region’s dominant national market of China will slow in comparison to the pace of the 2006-2011 period, but remain well above the world average. The Japanese market will exhibit a significant improvement based on recovering domestic building construction and motor vehicle sectors.

US demand for flat glass will recover strongly based on a healthy expansion in the country’s battered building construction sector. Building construction spending in the US in 2011 was just a little over one-half of levels seen in 2006. Despite seeing positive economic growth in 2010 and 2011 after a major recession, the US building construction sector witnessed further declines in both those years. Some recovery has been seen in 2012, suggesting that the worst may be over.

The West European market for flat glass will see the weakest gains among all regions through 2016. A slow growing population combined with a stagnant motor vehicle industry will limit gains in glass demand. A number of float glass plants in the region closed in 2012, suggesting that major glassmakers are shifting focus elsewhere.

Energy efficient products to boost flat glass demand

Fabricated flat glass demand will benefit from rapid growth in sales of energy efficient products such as solar control, insulation and low-e glass. The solar energy market, which was hurt by recent global economic weaknesses, will take off briskly once again. It should be noted, however, that demand for flat glass used in solar energy applications totaled just 100 million square meters in 2012, so this is a niche market.

Company Profiles

Profiles global industry players including Asahi Glass, Guardian Industries, Nippon Sheet Glass, and Saint-Gobain

Additional Information

This study covers the world flat glass industry. The study presents two unit measurements for flat glass -- square meters (for demand and production) and metric tons (for production and capacity). Production data reflect primarily float glass, but also include sheet glass, rolled glass, plate glass, and specialty types of flat glass such as patterned glass. Capacity figures include only float glass and, where noted, patterned glass. Conversely, fabricated flat glass demand, presented in current US dollars, includes both basic glass as well as all fabricated products produced from flat glass, including processed materials such as laminated, tempered, and insulating glass, as well as value-added products such as automotive windshields and mirrors. Thus, the dollar values presented per square meter of flat glass in each country and region include the inherent value added by fabrication, and thus are not equivalent to actual selling prices, particularly for basic glass.

Historical data are provided for 2001, 2006, and 2011, with forecasts for 2016 and 2021. Float glass capacity figures are as of year-end 2011. Capacity expansion data included in this study are based on announcements as of December 2012. Tabular details may not add to totals due to independent rounding. Ratios may be rounded to the nearest significant digit.

Macroeconomic and demographic indicators presented in this study were obtained from The Freedonia Group Consensus Forecasts dated June 2012. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) historical data are derived from the national income and products accounts from the Organisation for Economic Co- Operation and Development (OECD) for its member countries, from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for its member countries, and from the International Monetary Fund for its member countries that are not part of the OECD or EBRD. Sources of GDP estimates for other countries are based on information from the World Bank and a variety of sources including the countries’ statistical bureaus. GDP forecasts are developed from a consensus of public agencies and private firms.

All estimates of gross domestic product and components of GDP are done in terms of constant purchasing power parity in a benchmark year (2010) that is one year before the base year (2011) used in this study. Purchasing power parity GDP estimates for the benchmark year are obtained from the OECD; Eurostat; the World Bank; the International Monetary Fund; the US Central Intelligence Agency; and selected other sources. These purchasing power parity GDP estimates for the benchmark year are based on gross domestic product data expressed in the individual countries’ local currencies, which are then converted to US dollars by valuing each country’s output at US prices in the benchmark year. This approach values the same physical output at a consistent price for all countries, thereby reducing the distorting influence of different price levels in the different countries. The alternative approach of using exchange rates to convert local currency GDP to US dollars would tend to overvalue the output of countries with high average price levels and undervalue the output of countries with low average price levels, because exchange rate conversions only partially reflect the relative prices for goods and services that are domestically consumed and invested. Furthermore, factors other than relative prices, such as demand and supply in currency markets, interest rates, and capital flows, affect exchange rates.

Once the GDP values for a country are estimated for the benchmark year, we then calculate inflation-adjusted GDP for all other years for that country based on historical and forecast growth rates of GDP expressed in inflationadjusted units of that country’s local currency. This approach ensures that the GDP series for any given country is an accurate index of changes in inflationadjusted GDP for that country. However, it also implicitly assumes that the price structures across countries do not change from those of the benchmark year. Therefore, caution should be used in comparing the relative GDP of countries in years other than the benchmark year. If the ratio of prices across two countries in a given year differs from the ratio of prices across those countries in the benchmark year, then the change in the relative sizes of those two economies as measured will not accurately reflect changes in output.

The benchmark year is chosen to be one year prior to the base year for the study for reasons of data availability. One benefit of that choice is that the ratio of prices across countries in the base year is usually similar to that in the benchmark year. Therefore, the ratio of real GDP between two countries in the base year of 2011 is generally a reasonably accurate representation of the relative sizes of their economies.

Data on world flat glass supply and demand are derived from differing sources and developed from statistical relationships. As a result, variations are commonplace in this type of international reporting, and, consequently, data presented in this study are historically consistent but may differ from other sources. Variances may occur because of definitional differences, undistributed exports, inventory accumulation, and goods-in-transit, among other reasons. Throughout the study, data are related to indicators in the tables. This is done for comparative purposes and to facilitate further analysis. Details in the tables may not add to totals due to independent rounding, and calculated ratios may reflect unrounded numbers.

World Flat Glass to 2016

Table of Contents

Introduction

I. Executive Summary

II. Market Environment
General 4
Global Macroeconomic Environment 4
Recent Historical Trends 5
World Economic Outlook 6
World Demographic Outlook 10
World Building Construction Expenditures 12
Residential Building 14
Nonresidential Building 16
World Manufacturing Outlook 17
World Motor Vehicle Outlook 18
Motor Vehicle Production Trends 19
Motor Vehicles in Use 21
Environmental & Regulatory Considerations 23

III. World Flat Glass Overview
General 27
Industry Flowchart 28
Float Glass Production Capacity by Year 32
Float Glass Utilization & Capacity Expansion Activity 35
Proposed Expansion Activity (2013-2014) 36
Flat Glass Production by Region 37
Global Trade Flows in Flat Glass 39
Flat Glass Demand by Region 40

IV. Demand by Market
General 43
Building Construction Markets 46
Product Developments 48
Nonresidential Construction 51
Residential Construction 53
Motor Vehicle Market 56
OEM Motor Vehicle Market 58
Automotive Replacement Market 61
Other Markets 64

V. North America
General 68
Flat Glass Demand by Market 70
Suppliers & Capacity 72
United States 73
Canada 80
Mexico 84

VI. Western Europe
General 90
Flat Glass Demand by Market 92
Suppliers & Capacity 95
France 97
Germany 102
Italy 109
Spain 114
United Kingdom 119
Other Western Europe 124

VII. Asia/Pacific
General 130
Flat Glass Demand by Market 133
Suppliers & Capacity 134
Australia 136
China 141
India 148
Indonesia 154
Japan 159
South Korea 166
Thailand 172
Vietnam 176
Other Asia/Pacific 182

VIII. Other Regions
Central & South America 189
General 189
Flat Glass Demand by Market 191
Suppliers & Capacity 193
Brazil 194
Other Central & South America 199
Eastern Europe 205
General 205
Flat Glass Demand by Market 208
Suppliers & Capacity 209
Poland 210
Russia 214
Other Eastern Europe 219
Africa/Mideast 225
General 225
Flat Glass Demand by Market 228
Suppliers & Capacity 230
Iran 231
Turkey 235
Other Africa/Mideast 239

IX. Industry Structure
General 247
Suppliers & Market Share 248
World Float Glass Capacity by Company 252
Acquisitions, Divestitures, & Industry Restructuring 253
Distribution 255
Marketing Trends & Production Technology 257
Competitive Strategies 259
Marketing Strategies 261
Cooperative Agreements 263
Company Profiles 271
Apogee Enterprises Incorporated 272
Asahi Glass Company Limited 275
Automobile Glass, see Guardian Industries Cardinal Glass Industries Incorporated 281
Carlex Glass America, see Central Glass  Central Glass Company Limited 283
China Glass Holdings Limited 286
China Luoyang Float Glass Group Company Limited 291
China Yaohua Glass Group, see China Glass Holdings Chongqing Wansheng Float Glass, see Fuyao Group Glass Industry Corning  Incorporated 292
CRH plc 294
CSG Holding Company Limited 297
Euroglas GmbH 300
Farun Group Company Limited 302
FLABEG Holding GmbH 303
Fuyao Group Glass Industry Company Limited 305
Ghazvin Glass Company 308
Guangdong Fu Rui Industrial Development Company Limited 309
Guardian Industries Corporation 310
Gurind Group 314
HanGlas Corporation 316
Harmon, see Apogee Enterprises Interpane Glas Industrie AG 319
Jinjing Group Company Limited 321
Kaveh Glass Industry Group 323
KCC Corporation 324
Lamiver Incorporated 326
Magna International Incorporated 327
Nippon Sheet Glass Company Limited 329
Northwestern Industries, see Central Glass Oldcastle BuildingEnvelope, see CRH PG Group 338
Pilkington Group, see Nippon Sheet Glass Pittsburgh Glass Works, see PPG Industries  PPG Industries Incorporated 341
PT Mulia Industrindo Tbk 345
Qingdao Saint-Gobain HanGlas Clfg, see China Luoyang Float Glass Group, HanGlas, and Saint-Gobain Saint-Gobain 346
Sangalli Group 356
SCHOTT AG 358
SCHOTT Flat Glass, see SCHOTT and Asahi Glass Şişecam Group, see Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fabrikalari AŞ Taiwan Glass Industry Corporation 361
Trakya Cam Sanayii AŞ, see Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fabrikalari AŞ Triveni Glass Limited 365
Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fabrikalari AŞ 366
Viglacera Corporation 368
Vimexico, see Nippon Sheet Glass and VitroB Viracon, see Apogee Enterprises Vitro SAB de CV 370
Xinyi Glass Holdings Limited 372

List of Tables

Section I -- Executive Summary
Summary Table 3

Section II -- Market Environment
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 10
2 World Population by Region 12
3 World Building Construction Expenditures by Region & Sector 14
4 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region 18
5 World Motor Vehicle Production by Region 21
6 World Motor Vehicles in Use by Region 23

Section III --World Flat Glass Overview
1 World Flat Glass Supply & Demand 28
2 World Float Glass Production Capacity by Region, Year-End 2011 35
3 World Flat Glass Production by Region 38
4 World Flat Glass Net Exports by Region 40
5 World Flat Glass Demand by Region 41

Section IV -- Demand by Market
1 World Flat Glass Demand by Market 45
2 World Building Construction Markets for Flat Glass 48
3 World Nonresidential Building Construction Market for Flat Glass 53
4 World Residential Building Construction Market for Flat Glass 56
5 World Motor Vehicle Market for Flat Glass 58
6 World OEM Motor Vehicle Market for Flat Glass 61
7 World Automotive Replacement Glass Market 64
8 Other World Markets for Flat Glass 67

Section V -- North America
1 North America: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 70
2 North America: Flat Glass Demand by Market 72
3 North America: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year- End 2011 73
4 United States: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 75
5 United States: Flat Glass Demand by Market 77
6 United States: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year- End 2011 80
7 Canada: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 82
8 Canada: Flat Glass Demand by Market 83
9 Mexico: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 86
10 Mexico: Flat Glass Demand by Market 88
11 Mexico: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 89

Section VI -- Western Europe
1 Western Europe: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 92
2 Western Europe: Flat Glass Demand by Market 95
3 Western Europe: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year- End 2011 97
4 France: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 99
5 France: Flat Glass Demand by Market 100
6 France: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 102
7 Germany: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 104
8 Germany: Flat Glass Demand by Market 106
9 Germany: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 108
10 Italy: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 111
11 Italy: Flat Glass Demand by Market 112
12 Italy: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 114
13 Spain: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 116
14 Spain: Flat Glass Demand by Market 118
15 Spain: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 119
16 United Kingdom: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 121
17 United Kingdom: Flat Glass Demand by Market 122
18 United Kingdom: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 124
19 Other Western Europe: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 126
20 Other Western Europe: Flat Glass Demand by Market 127
21 Other Western Europe: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 129

Section VII -- Asia/Pacific

1 Asia/Pacific: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 132
2 Asia/Pacific: Flat Glass Demand by Market 134
3 Asia/Pacific: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year-End 2011 136
4 Australia: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 138
5 Australia: Flat Glass Demand by Market 140
6 China: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 143
7 China: Flat Glass Demand by Market 145
8 China: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 148
9 India: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 150
10 India: Flat Glass Demand by Market 152
11 India: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 154
12 Indonesia: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 156
13 Indonesia: Flat Glass Demand by Market 158
14 Indonesia: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 159
15 Japan: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 162
16 Japan: Flat Glass Demand by Market 164
17 Japan: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 166
18 South Korea: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 169
19 South Korea: Flat Glass Demand by Market 170
20 South Korea: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year- End 2011 171
21 Thailand: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 174
22 Thailand: Flat Glass Demand by Market 175
23 Thailand: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 176
24 Vietnam: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 178
25 Vietnam: Flat Glass Demand by Market 180
26 Vietnam: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 181
27 Other Asia/Pacific: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 184
28 Other Asia/Pacific: Flat Glass Demand by Market 186
29 Other Asia/Pacific: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 188

Section VIII -- Other Regions
1 Central & South America: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 191
2 Central & South America: Flat Glass Demand by Market 193
3 Central & South America: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year-End 2011 194
4 Brazil: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 196
5 Brazil: Flat Glass Demand by Market 198
6 Brazil: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 199
7 Other Central & South America: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 201
8 Other Central & South America: Flat Glass Demand by Market 203
9 Other Central & South America: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 205
10 Eastern Europe: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 207
11 Eastern Europe: Flat Glass Demand by Market 209
12 Eastern Europe: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year- End 2011 210
13 Poland: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 212
14 Poland: Flat Glass Demand by Market 213
15 Poland: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 214
16 Russia: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 217
17 Russia: Flat Glass Demand by Market 218
18 Other Eastern Europe: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 221
19 Other Eastern Europe: Flat Glass Demand by Market 223
20 Other Eastern Europe: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 225
21 Africa/Mideast: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 228
22 Africa/Mideast: Flat Glass Demand by Market 230
23 Africa/Mideast: Float Glass Production Capacity by Country, Year- End 2011 231
24 Iran: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 233
25 Iran: Flat Glass Demand by Market 234
26 Iran: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 235
27 Turkey: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 237
28 Turkey: Flat Glass Demand by Market 238
29 Other Africa/Mideast: Flat Glass Supply & Demand 241
30 Other Africa/Mideast: Flat Glass Demand by Market 243
31 Other Africa/Mideast: Float Glass Production Capacity by Company, Year-End 2011 246

Section IX -- Industry Structure
1 World Flat Glass Sales by Company, 2011 249
2 World Float Glass Production Capacity by Company*, Year-End 2011 253
3 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 255
4 Selected Cooperative Agreements 265
5 Selected Cooperative Agreements 269

List of Charts

Section III --World Flat Glass Overview
1 Flat Glass Industry Flowchart 31

Section IX -- Industry Structure
1 World Flat Glass Sales by Company, 2011 250

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group183


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