World Fuel Additives to 2016

Published: January 2013
No. of Pages: 423
   

This study analyzes the world specialty fuel additives industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011, and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by additive type (e.g., detergents, cetane improvers, antioxidants, lubricity improvers, cold flow improvers, petroleum dyes and markers, corrosion inhibitors), application (e.g., gasoline, diesel fuel), and market (blenders and terminals, refiners, aftermarket). The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles industry players.

Global demand to value $59.4 billion in 2016

Worldwide demand for fuel additives is expected to increase 4.7 percent per year to 26.5 billion kilograms in 2016, with demand in value terms advancing 8.0 percent per year to $59.4 billion over the same period. Oxygenates, which dominate the market, will continue to account for more than 94 percent of demand in volume terms through 2021. Growth in total fuel additive demand will be buoyed by very rapid increases in the consumption of petroleum fuels in China and other developing nations, and by changing technology and regulatory environments that result in higher additization rates.

Oxygenates such as methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) dominate world fuel additive consumption, despite efforts over the 2001-2011 period by the United States, Canada, and other countries to eliminate their usage due to concerns about ground water contaminations and possible negative health impacts. Going forward, gains will be strong as developing economies add MTBE at higher rates to their gasoline blends, while European Union member countries turn to ETBE (which can be derived from bioethanol) as a means of increasing the renewable content of their gasoline fuels without affecting the existing fuel transport infrastructure.

In addition to strong growth in fuel consumption in China and other developing countries, higher additization rates will drive increases in specialty fuel additive demand. As the motor vehicle industry globalizes and developing economies modernize their motor vehicle fleets, more efficient and powerful engines will become more common, requiring the availability of higher-quality fuels. Governments will respond to changing technology and public pressure
regarding pollution and fuel consumption by enacting stricter standards to guarantee fuel quality, reduce emissions, and reduce petroleum fuel consumption through expanded biofuel use.

Deposit control agents to represent largest gains

The largest gains among specialty additives are expected to be in deposit control agents such as detergents. The most rapid gains, however, will be seen in cold flow improvers, promoted by increasing biodiesel blending and declining levels of sulfur in diesel fuels, as air pollution concerns lead to the phase-in of lower sulfur diesels in developing regions.

Other specialty additives will also be impacted by expanding biodiesel and ethanol consumption. Demand for antioxidants and corrosion inhibitors will particularly benefit, with antioxidants also receiving a boost from increased standards for fuel quality. Biodiesel will have a limiting effect on fuel additive demand, however, by restraining growth in cetane improvers and lubricity improvers.

Gasoline fastest growing end use for fuel additives

Among the three major applications for fuel additives (gasoline, distillate fuels, and other refined petroleum products), gasoline is expected to be the fastestgrowing end use for fuel additives, with gains particularly buoyed by strong demand for oxygenates. Distillate fuels represent the largest end use for specialty additives, and demand for distillate additives has been especially impacted by a shift from gasoline to diesel vehicles in several regions, in addition to changing fuel blends with lower sulfur content and higher levels of biodiesel. Other petroleum fuels, such as jet fuel and marine fuel, require much lower volumes of additives, so this application is expected to remain the smallest.

Company Profiles

Profiles for 45 global competitors such as Baker Hughes, BASF, Chevron, Huntsman, Infineum, Innospec, LyondellBasell Industries, New Market, Saudi Basic Industries, and TPC Group

Additional Information

This report covers the world market for specialty fuel additives, including deposit control agents, cetane improvers, lubricity and cold flow improvers, corrosion inhibitors, antioxidants, and others. The study also presents a discussion of additives by application, including gasoline, distillate fuels, and other fuels. Commodity products such as ethanol, MTBE, and biodiesel are not included in market totals but are discussed in detail due to their impact on specialty fuel additive use and overall fuel consumption. These commodity additives are also called blending components but are referred to as “fuel additives” in this study. Blending components are added to the fuel at a percent of volume, while specialty fuel additives are added in parts per million (ppm).

Historical data for 2001, 2006, and 2011 and forecasts to 2016 and 2021 are provided for fuel additive demand by product type, application, and market. The term “demand,” defined as production plus imports minus exports and stock changes, is used synonymously with “sales” and “consumption.” Percentages in charts may not add to totals due to independent rounding, and tabular ratios may be rounded for clarity.

Due to the Bureau of Economic Analysis’ use of chain weighted price indices, inflation-adjusted Gross Domestic Product components (2010 dollars) do not add to the total. Prices as they appear in this study are presented to show general trends in pricing and may not represent actual sales prices for products. Prices are weighted averages based on information gathered from producers, trade associations, and internal Freedonia databases.

The fuel additive market is heavily influenced by government regulations, which are themselves driven by public opinion, environmental and health concerns, and political lobbying from trade groups such as the American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers and the Renewable Fuels Association. The forecasts given in this study assume that the US, European Union, and other regional or national renewable fuels standards will be implemented on schedule and that other regulations regarding sulfur levels and emissions will proceed as planned.

Macroeconomic and demographic indicators presented in this study were obtained from The Freedonia Group Consensus Forecasts dated June 2012. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) historical data are derived from the national income and products accounts from the Organisation for Economic Co- Operation and Development (OECD) for its member countries, from the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) for its member countries, and from the International Monetary Fund for its member countries that are not part of the OECD or EBRD. Sources of GDP estimates for other countries are based on information from the World Bank and a variety of sources including the countries’ statistical bureaus. GDP forecasts are developed from a consensus of public agencies and private firms.

World Fuel Additives to 2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION xii

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Overview 4
Recent Historical Trends 5
World Economic Outlook 6
World Demographic Overview 10
Population 11
Personal Income Trends 13
World Motor Vehicles in Use 14
Motor Vehicle Technology 16
Gasoline Engines 17
Diesel Engines 21
Hybrids & Electric Vehicles 23

III. FUEL INDUSTRY OVERVIEW 25
General 25
World Refined Petroleum Consumption Outlook 27
Gasoline 29
Distillate Fuels 32
Other Refined Petroleum Products 34
Alternative Fuels & Energy Sources 35
Ethanol 36
Biodiesel 37
Natural Gas 37
Liquefied Petroleum Gas 38
Electricity 39
Other Energy Sources 41
Commodity Fuel Additive Outlook 42
Ethanol 43
Biodiesel 44
Environmental & Regulatory Trends 45
United States 47
European Union 48
China, India, & Russia 50
Other 52

IV. FUEL ADDITIVE OVERVIEW 54
General 54
Oxygenate Demand by Type 58
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 59
Deposit Control Additives 63
Cetane Improvers 67
Lubricity Improvers 70
Cold Flow Improvers 73
Corrosion Inhibitors 77
Antioxidants 79
Other Specialty Fuel Additives 82
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 84
Gasoline Additives 87
Gasoline Oxygenate Demand 88
Gasoline Specialty Additive Demand 89
Distillate Fuel Additives 92
Other Specialty Fuel Additives 95

V. NORTH AMERICA 97
General 97
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 98
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 103
United States 105
Canada 113
Mexico 120

VI. WESTERN EUROPE 126
General 126
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 127
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 133
France 135
Germany 141
Italy 148
Spain 155
United Kingdom 161
Other Western Europe 166

VII. ASIA/PACIFIC 173
General 173
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 174
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 178
Australia 181
China 188
India 196
Indonesia 204
Japan 212
South Korea 219
Other Asia/Pacific 226

VIII. OTHER REGIONS 233
Central & South America 233
General 233
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 234
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 238
Brazil 241
Venezuela 248
Other Central & South America 255
Eastern Europe 262
General 262
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 264
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 267
Russia 269
Other Eastern Europe 276
Africa/Mideast 282
General 282
Fuel Additive Demand by Application 284
Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 288
Iran 291
Saudi Arabia 297
Other Africa/Mideast 304

IX. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 312
General 312
Market Share 316
Oxygenate Market Share 316
Specialty Fuel Additive Market Share 319
Competitive Strategies 322
Marketing & Distribution 324
Merger & Acquisition Activity 326
Cooperative Agreements 329
Company Profiles 334
Afton Chemical, see NewMarket
Albemarle Corporation 335
ANGUS Chemical, see Dow Chemical
Armored AutoGroup Incorporated 337
Ashland Incorporated 339
Atlantic Methanol Production Company LLC 341
Baker Hughes Incorporated 342
BASF SE 344
Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated 346
BioMethanol Chemie Nederland BV 349
Champion Technologies Incorporated 350
Chemtura Corporation 352
Chevron Corporation 353
China National Petroleum Corporation 356
China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation 358
Clariant International Limited 360
Croda International plc 362
Deepak Nitrite Limited 364
Dover Chemical, see ICC Industries
Dow Chemical Company 365
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 368
Eastman Chemical Company 370
Ecolab Incorporated 372
Ethyl, see NewMarket
EURENCO, see Groupe SNPE
Evonik Industries AG 375
Exxon Mobil Corporation 377
Groupe SNPE 380
Huntsman Corporation 381
ICC Industries Incorporated 383
Illinois Tool Works Incorporated 384
Infineum International, see Exxon Mobil and Royal Dutch
Shell
Innospec Incorporated 387
Lubrizol, see Berkshire Hathaway
LyondellBasell Industries NV 390
Methanex Corporation 392
Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company Incorporated 394
Motiva Enterprises, see Royal Dutch Shell
Nalco Energy Services, see Ecolab
National Iranian Petrochemical Company 396
NewMarket Corporation 397
Parker-Hannifin Corporation 399
Pennar Group of Companies 401
PetroChina, see China National Petroleum
Petroliam Nasional Berhad 402
PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad, see Petroliam
Nasional Berhad
Phillips 66 404
Qatar Fuel Additives Company Limited 405
Repsol YPF SA 406
Royal Dutch Shell plc 407
Sabina Petrochemicals, see BASF and Total
Saudi Basic Industries Corporation 412
Société Anonyme d'Explosifs et de Produits Chimiques SA 415
Statoil ASA 416
Stepan Company 417
Sterling Chemicals, see Eastman Chemical
Total SA 419
TPC Group Incorporated 421
Valvoline International, see Ashland
Additional Companies Mentioned in Study 423

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 10
2 World Population by Region 12
3 World Per Capita Gross Domestic Product by Region 14
4 World Motor Vehicle Park by Region 16

SECTION III -- FUEL INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
1 World Refined Petroleum Product Demand by Region 29
2 World Gasoline Demand by Region 32
3 World Distillate Fuel Demand by Region 34
4 World Other Refined Petroleum Product Demand by Region 35

SECTION IV -- FUEL ADDITIVE OVERVIEW
1 World Fuel Additive Demand by Type & Region 57
2 Oxygenate Demand by Type & Region 59
3 World Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type & Region 61
4 World Deposit Control Additive Demand by Region 67
5 World Cetane Improver Demand by Region 70
6 World Lubricity Improver Demand by Region 73
7 World Cold Flow Improver Demand by Region 76
8 World Corrosion Inhibitor Demand by Region 79
9 World Antioxidant Demand by Region 82
10 World Other Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Region 84
11 World Fuel Additive Demand by Application 86
12 World Gasoline Oxygenate Demand by Region 89
13 World Gasoline Fuel Additive Demand by Type & Region 91
14 World Distillate Fuel Additive Demand by Type & Region 94
15 World Specialty Fuel Additive Demand in Other Fuels
by Type & Region 96

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 102
2 North America: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 105
3 United States: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 110
4 United States: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 113
5 Canada: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 117
6 Canada: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 120
7 Mexico: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 123
8 Mexico: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 125

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 132
2 Western Europe: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 135
3 France: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 139
4 France: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 141
5 Germany: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 145
6 Germany: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 148
7 Italy: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 152
8 Italy: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 154
9 Spain: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 158
10 Spain: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 160
11 United Kingdom: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 164
12 United Kingdom: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 166
13 Other Western Europe: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 170
14 Other Western Europe: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Type 172

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 177
2 Asia/Pacific: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 181
3 Australia: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 185
4 Australia: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 188
5 China: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 193
6 China: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 196
7 India: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 201
8 India: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 204
9 Indonesia: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 208
10 Indonesia: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 212
11 Japan: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 216
12 Japan: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 219
13 South Korea: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 223
14 South Korea: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 226
15 Other Asia/Pacific: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 230
16 Other Asia/Pacific: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 232

SECTION VIII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Central & South America: Fuel Additive Demand
by Application 237
2 Central & South America: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Type 241
3 Brazil: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 245
4 Brazil: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 248
5 Venezuela: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 252
6 Venezuela: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 255
7 Other Central & South America: Fuel Additive Demand by
Application 259
8 Other Central & South America: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Type 262
9 Eastern Europe: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 266
10 Eastern Europe: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 269
11 Russia: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 273
12 Russia: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 276
13 Other Eastern Europe: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 279
14 Other Eastern Europe: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Type 282
15 Africa/Mideast: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 287
16 Africa/Mideast: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 290
17 Iran: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 294
18 Iran: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 297
19 Saudi Arabia: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 301
20 Saudi Arabia: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 304
21 Other Africa/Mideast: Fuel Additive Demand by Application 308
22 Other Africa/Mideast: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Type 311

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Fuel Additive Sales by Company, 2011 314
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 328
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements 331

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION IV -- FUEL ADDITIVE OVERVIEW
1 World Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Type 62
2 World Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Region, 2011 63
3 World Specialty Fuel Additive Demand by Application, 2011 87

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Country, 2011 103

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Country, 2011 133

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Country, 2011 178

SECTION VIII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Central & South America: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Country, 2011 238
2 Africa/Mideast: Specialty Fuel Additive Demand
by Country, 2011 288

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Oxygenate Market Share, 2011 317
2 World Specialty Fuel Additive Market Share, 2011 319

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group178


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