World Batteries to 2016

Published: October 2012
No. of Pages: 560
   

This study analyzes the world battery industry. It presents historical demand data for the years 2001, 2006 and 2011, and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 by product (e.g., alkaline, zinc-carbon/zinc-chloride, lithium, lead-acid), market (e.g., consumer, automotive, industrial), world region and major country. The study also considers market environment factors, details industry structure, evaluates company market share and profiles industry participants.

Global demand to rise 8.5%  annually through 2016

World demand for primary and secondary  batteries is forecast to rise 8.5 percent per  year to $144 billion in 2016. China will  remain the largest national market for  batteries and will also be the fastest  growing market, bolstered by a large  electronics manufacturing segment as  well as expanding output and use of  motor vehicles. Sales of batteries in India  will expand only slightly slower than  those in China, as the nation’s manufacturing base continues to grow and  personal incomes rise.

Reduced pressure on battery prices to slow value gains

From 2006 to 2011, the cost of batteries  increased very rapidly. A combination of  high raw material costs and the shutdown  of most of China’s lead-acid battery  capacity at the end of 2011 pushed prices  upward. As a result, the value of the  battery market in most nations increased  rapidly over the 2006-2011 period, and  gains through 2016 are generally expected to be slowed by reduced pricing  pressure within the battery industry.

Secondary batteries  to outpace primary types

Demand for secondary battery types is  expected to rise at a faster rate than sales  of primary batteries. The popularity of  portable electronics has grown rapidly,  expanding the share of the market held by  secondary battery suppliers. The use of  grid storage systems to regulate electrical  output of various generation systems, as  well as world output of motor vehicles (especially electric and hybrid electric  automobiles) is expected to increase  quickly. Many products require lithium or  nickel-metal hydride battery types; and it  is expected that lithium-based secondary  batteries will post the fastest gains of any  type of battery.

Consumer uses to post  fastest battery market gains

It is expected that battery sales to  consumer markets will post the fastest  gains through 2016. Rising incomes in  developing nations will drive greater use  of basic battery powered devices, while  expanding use of portable, high-drain  electronics will fuel demand from the  consumer market worldwide. Sales of  batteries for use in industrial and other  applications will be driven by increasing  levels of gross fixed investment, global manufacturing output, and efforts toward  industrialization in developing nations.  The automotive battery market suppliers  will benefit from increased output of  hybrid and electric vehicles, as well as  from rising production and use of  standard automobiles.

COMPANY PROFILES

Profiles competitors such as Energizer,  EnerSys, Exide Technologies, GS Yuasa,  Hitachi, Johnson Controls, LG Chem,  Panasonic, Procter & Gamble, and Sony

Additional Information

This study analyzes global supply of and demand for primary and secondary batteries. Primary batteries (nonrechargeable energy storage devices which must be discarded after discharge) include alkaline, zinc-carbon/zincchloride, lithium, and other (silver oxide, zinc-air, specialty, etc.) types. Markets for primary batteries include consumer, industrial, and other (including government) applications. Types of secondary (rechargeable or storage) batteries include lead-acid, lithium-based (lithium ion and lithium polymer), nickel-based (nickel cadmium and nickel-metal hydride), and other (including specialty) secondary cells. Secondary battery markets include automotive (both starting/lighting/ignition and hybrid and electric vehicle batteries), consumer, and industrial and other (including government) applications.

Historical data for 2001, 2006, and 2011 and forecasts for 2016 and 2021 are provided for demand, net exports, and shipments of primary and secondary batteries at the aggregate level on a country-by-country basis, valued in millions of current US dollars, including inflation. Data on primary and secondary battery demand by major market and by product type are also provided in millions of current US dollars. The term “demand” actually refers to “apparent consumption” and is defined as shipments (also referred to as “production,” “output,” or “supply”) from a nation’s indigenous battery manufacturing facilities plus imports minus exports. “Demand” is used interchangeably with the terms “market,” “sales,” and “consumption.” The terms “battery” and “cell” are used interchangeably as well, each referring to both single-cell (AA batteries, for instance) and multi-cell (such as 9-volt batteries) units.

The following acronyms are used throughout this report: EV (electric vehicle), HEV (hybrid electric vehicle), Li-Ion (lithium ion), Li-Pol (lithium polymer), Ni-Cad (nickel-cadmium), Ni-MH (nickel-metal hydride), and SLI (starting/lighting/ignition).

Data on world primary and secondary battery supply and demand are derived from differing sources and developed from statistical relationships. As a result, variations are commonplace in this type of international reporting, and, consequently, data presented in this study are historically consistent but may differ from other sources. Variances may occur because of definitional differences, undistributed exports, goods-in-transit, and inventory accumulation. To reduce the impact of such discrepancies, total world battery imports and exports have been assumed to balance in any given year.

In addition, major global manufacturers of primary and secondary battery products are identified and profiled, and the key competitive variables are discussed. The entire report is framed within the world battery industry’s economic, technological, and market environments, and therefore environmental variables affecting battery supply and demand (like personal income and motor vehicle supply/demand trends) are emphasized. World battery market share data by company presented in the “Industry Structure” section are estimated based on consultation with multiple sources. Tabular details may not always add to totals due to rounding.

World Batteries to 2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION xii

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
World Economic Overview 5
Recent Economic Performance 7
World Economic Outlook 8
World Per Capita Gross Domestic Product 12
World Personal Consumption Expenditures 14
World Demographic Outlook 16
World Gross Fixed Investment Outlook 18
World Manufacturing Outlook 21
World Motor Vehicle Outlook 23
Motor Vehicles in Use 24
Motor Vehicle Production Trends 26
Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Outlook 29
Hybrid Vehicles 30
Electric Vehicles 33
Market Outlook 36
World Electrical/Electronics Sector Outlook 36
Pricing Patterns 38
Environmental & Regulatory Issues 42

III. TECHNOLOGY 46
General 46
Battery Construction & Operation 47
Conventional Battery Chemistries 49
Alkaline 50
Zinc-Carbon/Zinc-Chloride 50
Lead-Acid 51
Nickel-Cadmium 52
Other 53
Advanced Battery Chemistries 54
Lithium 54
Nickel-Metal Hydride 58
Zinc-Air 58
Sodium-Metal Halide 59
Other 60
Fuel Cells & Other Alternative Power Sources 61
Fuel Cells 61
Other Alternative Power Sources 64

IV. SUPPLY & DEMAND 68
General 68
Regional Overview 69
Demand by Region 70
Production by Region 76
International Trade 79
Demand by Product 81
Primary 82
Alkaline 85
Zinc-Carbon/Zinc-Chloride 87
Lithium 90
Other 92
Secondary 95
Lead-Acid 98
Lithium-Based 101
Nickel-Based 105
Other 108
Demand by Market 110
Consumer 112
Automotive 115
Industrial & Other 118

V. NORTH AMERICA 121
Macroeconomic Environment 121
Battery Supply & Demand 122
United States 130
Canada 141
Mexico 149

VI. WESTERN EUROPE 158
General 158
Battery Supply & Demand 159
Germany 167
France 175
United Kingdom 183
Italy 191
Spain 199
Other Western Europe 207
Netherlands 217
Sweden 218
Austria 219
Belgium 220
Switzerland 222
All Other 223

VII. ASIA/PACIFIC 224
Macroeconomic Environment 224
Battery Supply & Demand 225
China 233
Japan 243
South Korea 252
India 261
Taiwan 269
Indonesia 277
Other Asia/Pacific 285
Australia 295
Hong Kong 295
Singapore 296
All Other 297

VIII. OTHER REGIONS 299
Central & South America 299
Brazil 307
Other Central & South America 315
Argentina 325
Colombia 326
All Other Central & South America 327
Eastern Europe 328
Russia 337
Other Eastern Europe 345
Poland 355
Czech Republic 356
Ukraine 357
All Other 358
Africa/Mideast 359
Turkey 369
Iran 370
South Africa 371
All Other 372

IX. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 374
General 374
Industry Composition 375
Market Share 377
Primary Batteries 378
Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries 379
Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries 381
Research & Product Development 382
Manufacturing 385
Marketing & Distribution 386
Cooperative Agreements 389
Financial Requirements 402
Mergers & Acquisitions 403
Company Profiles 407
A123 Systems Incorporated 408
Acumuladores Moura SA 413
Amara Raja Batteries, see Johnson Controls
Atlas Battery, see GS Yuasa
Automotive Energy Supply, see NEC
Banner GmbH 415
BASF SE 417
BYD Company Limited 420
C&D Technologies Incorporated 422
China Shoto plc 425
Cobasys, see Samsung SDI
Coslight Technology International Group Limited 427
CSB Battery, see Hitachi
Duracell, see Procter & Gamble
EaglePicher Technologies, see OM Group
East Penn Manufacturing Company Incorporated 431
Ecoult, see East Penn Manufacturing
Electrochem Solutions, see Greatbatch
Energizer Holdings Incorporated 435
Energy Conversion Devices Incorporated 438
EnerSys 439
Eveready Industries India Limited 446
Exide Industries Limited 448
Exide Technologies 451
Fengfan Stock Company Limited 457
FIAMM SpA 458
GP Batteries International Limited 460
Greatbatch Incorporated 464
Grupo Cegasa 467
GS Battery USA, see GS Yuasa
GS Yuasa Corporation 470
Guangzhou Tiger Head Battery Group Company Limited 477
Hitachi Limited 479
HL Green Power, see LG Chem
Huanyu Power Source Company Limited 484
Johnson Controls Incorporated 485
KCM Marketing, see East Penn Manufacturing
LG Chem Limited 492
LTH, See Johnson Controls
Mutlu Aku ve Malzemeleri Sanayi AS 495
NEC Corporation 497
OM Group Incorporated 499
Ovonic Battery, see BASF
Panasonic Corporation 502
Procter & Gamble Company 508
Saft Groupe SA 511
Samsung SDI Company Limited 518
SB LiMotive, see Samsung SDI
Shin-Kobe Electric Machinery, see Hitachi
Siam GS Battery, see GS Yuasa
Simplo Technology Company Limited 521
Sion Power, see BASF
Sony Corporation 522
Spectrum Brands Holdings Incorporated 525
Tata AutoComp GY Batteries, see GS Yuasa
TCL Corporation 528
Toshiba Corporation 529
Uniross, see Eveready Industries India
Additional Companies in the World Battery Industry 531

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 12
2 World Per Capita GDP by Region 14
3 World Personal Consumption Expenditures 16
4 World Population by Region 18
5 World Gross Fixed Investment by Region 20
6 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region 23
7 World Motor Vehicles in Use by Type & Region 26
8 World Motor Vehicle Production by Type & Region 29
9 World Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Sales by Type & Region 30
10 World Battery Pricing 41

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
1 World Commercial Fuel Cell Demand 64

SECTION IV -- SUPPLY & DEMAND
1 World Battery Demand by Region 73
2 World Battery Shipments by Region 78
3 World Battery Net Exports by Region 81
4 World Battery Demand by Product 82
5 World Primary Battery Demand by Chemistry 84
6 World Primary Alkaline Battery Demand by Region 87
7 World Primary Zinc-Carbon/Zinc-Chloride Battery Demand
by Region 89
8 World Primary Lithium Battery Demand by Region 92
9 World Other Primary Battery Demand by Region 95
10 World Secondary Battery Demand by Chemistry 97
11 World Lead-Acid Secondary Battery Demand by Region 101
12 World Lithium-Based Secondary Battery Demand by Region 105
13 World Nickel-Based Secondary Battery Demand by Region 108
14 World Other Secondary Battery Demand by Region 110
15 World Battery Demand by Market 111
16 World Consumer Battery Demand by Product & Region 114
17 World Automotive Battery Demand by Market, Vehicle Type,
& Region 117
18 World Industrial & Other Battery Demand by Product
& Region 120

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Battery Supply & Demand 125
2 North America: Primary Battery Demand 127
3 North America: Secondary Battery Demand 129
4 United States: Battery Supply & Demand 134
5 United States: Primary Battery Demand 137
6 United States: Secondary Battery Demand 140
7 Canada: Battery Supply & Demand 144
8 Canada: Primary Battery Demand 146
9 Canada: Secondary Battery Demand 148
10 Mexico: Battery Supply & Demand 153
11 Mexico: Primary Battery Demand 155
12 Mexico: Secondary Battery Demand 157

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 162
2 Western Europe: Primary Battery Demand 164
3 Western Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 166
4 Germany: Battery Supply & Demand 170
5 Germany: Primary Battery Demand 172
6 Germany: Secondary Battery Demand 174
7 France: Battery Supply & Demand 178
8 France: Primary Battery Demand 180
9 France: Secondary Battery Demand 182
10 United Kingdom: Battery Supply & Demand 186
11 United Kingdom: Primary Battery Demand 188
12 United Kingdom: Secondary Battery Demand 190
13 Italy: Battery Supply & Demand 194
14 Italy: Primary Battery Demand 196
15 Italy: Secondary Battery Demand 198
16 Spain: Battery Supply & Demand 202
17 Spain: Primary Battery Demand 204
18 Spain: Secondary Battery Demand 206
19 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 209
20 Other Western Europe: Primary Battery Demand 211
21 Other Western Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 213
22 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand
by Country 215
23 Other Western Europe: Battery Demand by Product
& Country 217

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand 228
2 Asia/Pacific: Primary Battery Demand 230
3 Asia/Pacific: Secondary Battery Demand 232
4 China: Battery Supply & Demand 238
5 China: Primary Battery Demand 240
6 China: Secondary Battery Demand 242
7 Japan: Battery Supply & Demand 247
8 Japan: Primary Battery Demand 249
9 Japan: Secondary Battery Demand 251
10 South Korea: Battery Supply & Demand 256
11 South Korea: Primary Battery Demand 258
12 South Korea: Secondary Battery Demand 260
13 India: Battery Supply & Demand 264
14 India: Primary Battery Demand 266
15 India: Secondary Battery Demand 268
16 Taiwan: Battery Supply & Demand 272
17 Taiwan: Primary Battery Demand 274
18 Taiwan: Secondary Battery Demand 276
19 Indonesia: Battery Supply & Demand 280
20 Indonesia: Primary Battery Demand 282
21 Indonesia: Secondary Battery Demand 284
22 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand 288
23 Other Asia/Pacific: Primary Battery Demand 290
24 Other Asia/Pacific: Secondary Battery Demand 292
25 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 294

SECTION VIII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand 302
2 Central & South America: Primary Battery Demand 304
3 Central & South America: Secondary Battery Demand 306
4 Brazil: Battery Supply & Demand 310
5 Brazil: Primary Battery Demand 312
6 Brazil: Secondary Battery Demand 314
7 Other Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand 318
8 Other Central & South America: Primary Battery Demand 320
9 Other Central & South America: Secondary Battery Demand 322
10 Other Central & South America: Supply & Demand
by Country 324
11 Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 332
12 Eastern Europe: Primary Battery Demand 334
13 Eastern Europe: Secondary Battery Outlook & Suppliers 336
14 Russia: Battery Supply & Demand 340
15 Russia: Primary Battery Demand 342
16 Russia: Secondary Battery Demand 344
17 Other Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 348
18 Other Eastern Europe: Primary Battery Demand 350
19 Other Eastern Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 352
20 Other Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 354
21 Africa/Mideast: Battery Supply & Demand 362
22 Africa/Mideast: Primary Battery Demand 364
23 Africa/Mideast: Secondary Battery Demand 366
24 Africa/Mideast: Supply & Demand by Country 368

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Battery Sales by Company, 2011 376
2 Selected Cooperative Agreements 391
3 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 405

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Battery Deflators, 2001-2021 41

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
1 Basic Battery Construction 49

SECTION IV -- SUPPLY & DEMAND
1 World Battery Demand by Region, 2011 74
2 World Battery Demand Projected 2011-2016 Annual Rate
of Growth 75
3 World Battery Shipments by Region, 2011 79
4 World Primary Battery Demand by Chemistry, 2011 85
5 World Secondary Battery Demand by Chemistry, 2011 98
6 World Battery Demand by Market, 2011 112

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Battery Demand by Country, 2011 126

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Battery Demand by Country, 2011 163

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Battery Demand by Country, 2011 229

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Battery Market Share, 2011 378
2 World Primary Battery Market Share, 2011 379
3 World Lead-Acid Battery Market Share, 2011 381
4 World Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Battery Market Share, 2011 382

Published By: Freedonia Group
Product Code: Freedonia Group148


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